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Full text of "Bulletin of the Michigan Ornithological Club"






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HARVARD UNIVERSITY. 




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•WV 13 190? 
Vol. 1. NO. 1. JANUARY, 1897 



BULLETIN 



OF THE 



Michigan Ornithological Club. 



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PuDlistied in tne interests oi Ornithology in MicniQan. 



Grand Rapids, Michigan. 



DO YOU KNOW that 

TH6 flsa Gray Bulletin 

Is the Botanical Magazine that all teachers and 
students should read? The articles are not of 
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to anyone interested in flowers. 

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Address the publisher, 

A.&Tioultureil Co72e«-e, Michigan. 



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CONTENTS. 

Progress of Ornithology in Michigan, 

T. L. Hankinson 1 

Michigan Ornithology to the Front, 

Prof. W. B. Barrows. 5 

Vireonidae of Wayne County, Michigan. 

W. A. Davidson 6 

Editorials 7 

Notes: 8 

Murderous Ped-headed Woodpeckers, E. O. 
Kelsey. 

\ote from Barry County, Gottlieb Bessmer. 

Cardinal Grosbeak and King Rail in Winter, 
A. H. Boies. 

Swainson's Hawks and Black Guillemots, 
W. A. Davidson. 

How about our Birds in the South? Lvnds 
Jones. 

Is the English Sparrow Becoming Less Com- 
mon? Jas. B. Purdy. 

Notes from the South. Chas V. Hay. 

Nesting of the Lark Sparrow at Macon, 
Lenawee Co., Mark B. Mills. 

Migration Query, Percy Selous. 

Capture of Uria troile at Gibralter, Michigan, 
X. A. AVood. 

Migration Work 10 

Personals 10 

Record of Meetings 11 

Michigan Ornithological Club 12 





For SCIENTIFIC BOOKS 

and books in all departments 
of Literature, address, 

j 

Palmer, Meech & Co, 



59 Monroe St., Grand Rapids, Mich. 



Michigan Agricultural College 

Offers special advantages to young men and young women 
desirous of obtaining a thorough training in Natural/Sciences. 
It has one of the most complete libraries along scientific lines 
iii the country. Besides very large and complete collections 
of specimens in various departments. It has ten well 
equipped laboratories, each of which is under the direction 
of a specialist. The Whole equipment is valued at over half 
a million dollars. 

Three Courses of study are offered, each four years in 
in length: Agricultural, Mechanical, Women's. 

Four six-week courses are offered during the winter, in 
dairying, stoek-feedingjruit-culture, floriculture and winter 
vegetable gardening. 

Exposes very low— no tuition to residents of the state. 
Board at actual cost, etc. 

Write for catalogue. 

,1. L. SNYDER, President, 

Agricultural College (P. 0.), Mich. 



HOV 3 1902 



BULLETIN 



OF THE 



/IIMcbigan ©mitbological Club. 



Vol. 1. No. 1. 



Grand Rapids, Mich., January, 1897. 



50 cents per year. 



Progress of Ornithology in MiGhigan. 



H 



THOS. L. HANKINSON. 

AVING consulted all available liter- 
ature on this subject, I will endeavor 
to give what notes I have found 
regarding the development of the study 
of ornithology in our state. Although 
my source of information has been limited, 
I hope that I may be able to present a fair 
outline of the history of the study of our 
birds, and give an interest for further 
investigation in this line by others more 
qualified for this work than myself. 

In looking over the history of this 
science in the state, there appears to have 
been three important periods of growth. 
The first of these includes the time between 
the printing of Sager 's list in 1839, to the 
first appearance of Hughes' writings in 
I860 ; the second takes the interval of 
time from 1869 to the issue of Cook's 
Birds of Michigan in 1893 ; and the third 
or last epoch continues from 1893 to the 
present time. 

I will, therefore, for the sake of con- 
venience, divide my material with refer- 
ence to these three marked periods of 
advance. 

From Sager to Hughes. 

Prior to this period beginning with 
1839, we have little knowledge of the 
work done towards advancing this study 
in our state. The only mention I can find 
being made of birds before this, was in 
1834, when Henry R. Schoolcraft gave a 
lecture before the Detroit Lyceum on 
'The birds of the Upper Peninsular." In 
that same year, he also wrote an article 
on "A Supposed New Bird" (referring to the 
Evening Grosbeak). This was printed in 
Scientific and Historical Sketches of Mich- 
igan. 

Schoolcraft was among the first to call 
attention to our Michigan birds, yet his 



work was of such a kind as to count but 
little towards the growth of our ornitho- 
logical science. The first real mark of 
progress was in 1839, when there appeared 
a list of 164 species known in the state at 
that time. This list was carefully pre- 
pared by Dr. A. Sager, and it undoubtedly 
contained every bird known in Michigan 
up to 1839. 

Following this, in eleven years, Cabot's 
list was published, in 1850. This, how- 
ever, was not a general list for the state, 
but was confined to a small locality, — the 
region about Lake Superior. It enumer- 
ated the species existing there as 69. This 
list contained the names of some rare north- 
ern birds, and it was a valuable addition 
to the knowledge of our birds at that time. 

Rev. Chas. Fox, in 1853, published the 
second list of birds known to exist in the 
entire state. He numbered these as 212. 
Thus we see that in the first fourteen years 
of the life of ornithology in Michigan, 
there was an addition of 48 species made 
to our avi-fauna.* 

The next list of Michigan birds was 
printed in 1861. It was prepared by Dr. 
Manly Miles, one of our best workers in 
the scientific field. It contained 203 
species. 

Writings of Hughes and the work up 

to 1893. 

We see in the last period that the only 
work done was in the way of listing the 
species of the state and localities therein. 
Little advance towards giving an interest 
in our birds was made till in the year 
1869, when there began to appear the 
writings of D. Darwin Hughes. He first 
wrote for a local paper. The Marshall 
Democrat Expounder. In this appeared 
his "Birds of Calhoun County," in which 

*Dr. S. Kneeland Jr. published in 1857 (Boston Society of 
Nat. Hist., Vol. VI), a list of the birds of Keweenaw Point, 
giving 147 species. Coming from so far north it was a very 
valuable list and one of undoubted accuracy. 



•>p 









Bulletin of the Michigan Ornithological Club. 



he gave 179 species as occurring there. 
In 1870 he began a series of excellent 
articles in The Detroit Free Press. In 
these he described many of our common 
song and game birds. A number of his 
writings were reprinted. Several of these 
may be found in early issues of The School 
Moderator. 

Hughes' writings were a oleasant 
combination of the poetic and scientific 
nature. They not only gave valuable 
notes to the student of birds, but they 
were also of interest to the general reader. 
They were therefore widely read, and the 
interest therefrom was disseminated to 
many minds. For this reason and because 
Hughes was the first one to introduce our 
birds to the people of Michigan, we may 
well consider him the founder of the 
ornithology of our state. His place in the 
history of Michigan ornithology is similar 
to that of Audobon or Wilson in the 
history of American ornithology. 

Some information regarding the life 
and work of Hughes was given me in a 
letter from his old friend, Dr. Morris 
Gibbs. Thinking they >may be of interest, 
I will give a few facts therefrom. Hughes 
was a lawyer first practicing at Marshall, in 
Calhoun County. He kept a book of notes 
in which he recorded his personal observa- 
tions on nature in 1867, '68, '69, '70 and 
'71. He moved to Grand Rapids probably 
in 1872. Hughes left his fine collections, 
which tell of his earnest work as a student 
of birds, to the Kent Scientific Institute 
at Grand Rapids. He was a good man, a 
reliable lawyer, and a faithful worker in 
all he undertook. 

Shortly after Hughes began to write, 
there appeared a number of workers in the 
field. Among them were several students 
that have since become well known in 
ornithological circles. These were A. H. 
Boies of Hudson, Morris Gibbs of 
Kalamazoo, Chas. W. Gunn of Grand 
Rapids, H. A. Atkins of Locke, W. H. 
Collins of Detroit, and A. B. Covert of 
Ann Arbor. Prof. A. J. Cook of the 
Michigan Agricultural College began to 
write on economic ornithology in state 
bulletins as early as 1872; Boies, Gibbs 
and Collins became known in 1875 ; Gunn 
and Covert were doing active work in 
1876, and Atkins' first notes were published 
in 1878. 

Perhaps no man has given more atten- 



tion to our birds or has written more about 
them than has Dr. Morris Gibbs. He has 
written profusely, and nearly every year 
since he began to write in 1875, he has 
been a constant contributor to scientific 
literature. His annotated list of 309 
species of Michigan birds was published 
in the Bulletin of the U. S. Geographical 
and Geological Survey of the Territories 
for 1879. Dr. Gibbs is a man of great 
energy and enthusiasm in all scientific 
work, and his interesting notes and articles 
add much of pleasure and value to our 
bird literature. Although Dr. Gibbs has 
been a worker for many years, his career 
as an ornithologist is not ended. He still 
resides at Kalamazoo and is a constant 
contributor to the scientific journals in 
this country. 

W. H. Collins was another active worker 
to whom I need to make especial mention 
He studied the birds especially in that 
interesting region about St. Clair Flats. 
Some of his valuable notes may be found 
in the columns of those numbers of the 
Ornithologist and Oologist issued from 
1880 to 1882. 

Mr. A. H. Boies contributed much to 
our knowledge of birds by notes obtained 
from many years of careful study of the 
birds in the southern part of the state. 
He added a number of species to our 
avi-fauna; and in 1875 he published his 
4 'Catalogue of the Birds Ascertained to 
Occur in Southern Michigan. ' : This was 
an annotated list of the 211 species that 
were then known in the region mentioned. 
Mr. Boies is now a civil engineer, but he 
remains faithful to the study for which he 
has done so much. 

Among these early workers in the 
ornithological field, there was that enthus- 
iastic student and excellent observer, 
Chas. W. Gunn. He began writing on 
birds in 1876. For several years he pub- 
lished a little paper of his own called the 
Naturalist and Fancier. Not only did he 
study the birds of Michigan, but he 
traveled for knowledge of the birds of 
other regions. He visited California four 
times and Florida twice, and he also went 
to Colorada, Panama and other quarters 
in the East and the West. G unn's magnifi- 
cent collection of many hundred skins is 
now in the museum of the Kent Scientific 
Institute at Grand Rapids. The members 
of the Michigan Ornithological Club are 



Bulletin of the Michigan Oknithological Club. 



grateful for his library of scientific works, 
which was kindly donated to the Club by 
his mother, Mrs. W. S. Gunn of Grand 
Rapids. He died at the very early age of 
28 years, on Jan. 15, 1886. 

Mr. Adolphe B. Covert Avas contempor- 
ary with Mr. Gunn in being in part 
responsible for the rapid strides made in 
Michigan ornithology at this time. He 
published in Forest and Stream (Vols. XI 
and XII), beginning in 1876, an annotated 
list — "'Birds of Lower Michigan," embrac- 
ing 244 species. In 1881 he published an 
additional list, this time of 252 species. 
This indefatigable and veteran worker 
among the birds of Michigan not only 
wrote many valuable articles during this 
period upon the habits of birds, but he 
has credited Michigan with two of the 
few specimens ever taken of Rutland's 
Warbler. These specimens he took in the 
town of Scio, Washtenaw County, in May 
of the years 1875 and 1879, respectively. 

Another man whom we will ever hold 
in remembrance as one whose life was 
that of an ideal ornithologist is Dr. H. A. 
Atkins. For over forty years he studied 
the birds about his home at Locke, in 
Ingham County. Dr. Atkins was a most 
diligent worker, and he made some very 
interesting records during his field work. 
In 1879 it is recorded that he took the 
first Connecticut Warbler in the state ; and 
in 1883 he published records regarding the 
Carolina Chickadee and Western Meadow 
Lark in Michigan. In 1884 he wrote in 
the Ornithologist and Oologist an article 
entitled "Five Additions to the avi-fauna 
of Michigan. ' Here he introduces in our 
fauna, the Brown-headed Nuthatch, the 
Long-tailed Chickadee, the Gray-headed 
Snowbird, the Western Nonpareil and the 
Ground Dove. He wrote extensively for 
the local and ornithological papers between 
the years 1878 and 1885. 

Dr. Atkins came to Michigan from his 
native state, New York, in 1842. This 
was early in the history of our state, Avhen 
the country was yet new. Here in the 
virgin forest Atkins began his studies of 
nature in her pure form. For twenty-nine 
years he kept accurate notes of all he saw. 
He lived to the age of 64 years. In the 
latter part of his life he had contemplated 
publishing his notes in book form, but 
death overtook him, and on May 19, 1885, 



he passed away, after living a life most 
pleasant and useful. 

These six ornithologists, Gibbs, Covert, 
Boies, Collins, Gunn and Atkins, were the 
pioneers of the science of ornithology in 
Michigan. To them we should give all 
credit for establishing this study in Mich- 
igan, and for clearing the way for future 
students. 

Shortly after these men began to write, 
a number of others commenced to take 
great interest in our birds. Prominent 
among these were Messrs. N. A. Eddy of 
Bay City, W. A. Oldfield of Port Sanilac, 
J. B. Purely of Plymouth, B. H. Swales 
of Detroit, Jerome Trombley of Peters- 
burg, J. B. Steere of Ann Arbor, Ed. Van 
Winkle of Vans Harbor and S. E. White, 
E ; L. Moseley, E. W. Durfee, and R. H. 
Wolcott of Grand Rapids. These men, 
for the most part, wrote after the year 
1880. As they were all good students and 
as they studied in various parts of the 
state, their notes were of great value. A 
better knowledge of the distribution of the 
birds in the state, was thus obtained. 
This spreading of interest was one of the 
chief characteristics of this epoch in the 
history of Michigan ornithology. 

Cook's Birds of Michigan and work 
up to the present time. 

We see in this last period that the 
ornithology of Michigan grew from a 
rudimendary condition up to a wide- 
spread and progressive science with many 
students eager to solve its mysteries, and 
to delight in its recreations. Much infor- 
mation about our birds was published, but 
a good deal of this was unavailable, as it 
was scattered in -newspapers, in scientific 
periodicals, and in other places where it 
could not be of general value. At last, 
Prof. A. J. Cook began to collect these 
notes. Information regarding the birds of 
Michigan was obtained from every source 
— from nearly every student in the state, 
including such able observers as Gibbs, 
Boies, Trombley, Eddy, and others, 
and from the excellent manuscripts 
of Dr. H. A. Atkins; some notes 
were obtained from Butler's Birds of 
Indiana; assistance was given by a few 
of the greatest ornithologists in .the 
country, such men as Dr. J. A. Allen, 
Dr. Elliot Coues, C. Hart Merriam, Dr. 



Bulletin of the Michigan Ornithological Club. 



A. K. Fisher and Robert Ridgway. From 
several other sources notes were obtained, 
and a gist of all was published in 1893 in 
the form of the state bulletin. Cook's 
Birds of Michigan. This gave, in a con- 
densed form, notes regarding relative 
abundance and distribution in the state of 
336 species. In nearly every case, facts 
concerning the range and time of breeding 
were given, with many other notes on the 
food, habits and economic value of our 
birds. From the facts that this was the 
most complete and best work ever pub- 
lished on Michigan birds, and that it was 
not entirely the work of one man, but 
represented the combined effort of many 
of our best students, and also that it was 
printed by the state and thus copies were 
distributed free of charge so as to be 
accessible to everyone, we may well con- 
sider this the greatest factor in Michigan 
ornithology in distributing knowledge 
regarding our birds and increasing an 
interest in their study. 

Within the last three years since Cook 
published his list up to the present time, 
there has been a more steady and widening 
growth in our ornithology than there has 
ever been before. A few new species 
have lately been added to our fauna. 
One of the most remarkable of late records 
was the finding of a Brunnich's Murre by 
Mr. Percy Selous, near Greenville, on Dec. 
13, 1894. Mr. L. Whitney Watkins cap- 
tured a Cory's Least Bittern near his 
home at Manchester on August 8, 1894. 
This was a remarkable find as it was not 
only the first individual of this species 
ever taken in Michigan, but it was one of 
the few ever taken by an ornithologist. 
Mr. L. J. Cole was the first to record 
Baird's Sandpiper in our state. This he 
took on August 20, 1895, at Spring Lake 
in Ottawa County. Since then, however, 
it has been found that this sandpiper was 
not so rare as formerly supposed, and Mr. 
N. A. Eddy (The Mdologist, Jan., '97), 
states that he had previously known of its 
occurrence in Michigan. 

It is impossible for me to state as to the 
extent of ornithological work in our state 
at the present time, but I am safe in say- 
ing that there is now a far greater interest 
taken in this study than ever before. We 
are inspired by having in our midst an 
active member of the American Ornithol- 
ogists' Union, and one who is interested 



heart and soul in our progress. I refer to 
Professor Walter B. Barrows of the Agri- 
cultural College. Prof. Barrows has 
spent a large portion of his life in study- 
ing birds. For eight years he was assist- 
ant ornithologist in the Department of 
Agriculture at Washington. 

The present advancement in Michigan 
ornithology is due largely to the work of 
a number of enthusiastic students of birds 
in our state. Among them are included 
such diligent workers as J. B. Purdy, 
Jerome Trombley, L. Whitney Watkins, 
Edwin Arnold, N. A. Eddy, Dean C. 
Worcester and Ed. Van Winkle. With 
such men at the helm we may be sure that 
the ship of ornithological progress will 
sail on more staunchly and yet faster now 
than ever in the past. 

From the time of Hughes, the number 
of students in our field has constantly 
been increasing, and the knowledge of our 
birds has been growing • accordingly. 
Thus we see that in the discovery of new 
species in our state alone the advance has 
been great ; there have been over 200 birds 
added to our fauna since Sager's list was 
issued in 1839. The great advance, how- 
ever, has not been made in adding species 
to our fauna, but in learning more about 
the birds themselves, their distribution in 
the state, their food, their songs and nest- 
ing ways, and every other phenomenon con- 
nected with their habits. 

Although much work has been done in 
the past, there is still a broader field open 
before us. Wonderful facts are constantly 
being revealed to us from the mysterious 
lives of birds. Every day new and diffi- 
cult problems confront us. To solve these 
there is no better way than by uniting our 
powers and thus profiting by each other's 
knowledge and experiences. We have 
therefore formed an organization, the 
Michigan Ornithological Club. From 
you who are not yet members of this Club 
and who love the study of our birds, we 
ask support and assistance. Join our 
fraternity of honest, earnest workers in 
the development of a new epoch in the 
history of our ornithology, and one which 
we trust and hope will be characterized 
by a co-operation of all Michigan ornith- 
ologists in the proper pursuance of this 
delightful study of nature's most beautiful 
and most graceful creatures — the birds. 

Agricultural College, Ingham Co., Mich. 



Bulletin of the Michigan Ornithological Club. 



M 



Michigan Ornitholoau to the Front. 

PROF. WALTER B. BARROWS. 

ICHIGAX birds are and ought to 
be of special interest to Michigan 
people. Facts about the bird-life 
of this great state are far too scanty and 
incomplete to be creditable to its residents, 
and every honest, well planned effort to 
increase this knowledge should be en- 
couraged to the utmost. Such informa- 
tion as is needed can be best collected and 
recorded only by residents, those who, 
month after 
month and year 
after year, keep 
their eyes open 
and their minds 
alert f o r n e w 
facts about bird- 
n a t u r e , a n d 
patiently and 
intelligently 
gather, com- 
pare, sift and 
arrange their 
o b s e r v a t i ons, 
always keeping 
themselves in- 
formed of the 
work of others, 
and always will- 
ing to give 
others the bene- 
fit of their own 
notes and ideas. 
The best work 
in any science 
can be accom- 
plished only by 
knowing what 

has been done already, and taking advan- 
tage of the foundation thus laid; this much 
at least is indispensable. Often it is well 
to know something of what others are now 
attempting, and even to estimate roughly 
what remains to be done, but these are in- 
significant points in comparison with the 
basis just mentioned. What remains to 
be done is so great in comparison with 
that already accomplished, that no live 
man or woman can afford to waste time in 
going over the work of another, unless it 
has been so carelessly done as to merit 
entire disregard. 

Geographically, Michigan is one of the 




most interesting states in the Union for 
bird study. Stretching from the southern 
prairies into the almost sub-arctic forests 
of the north, it includes great areas of the 
three principal life zones of the United 
States — the Austral, the Transition, and 
the Boreal, and as yet only the start has 
been made toward defining accurately the 
lines of demarkation between ' these im- 
portant zones. 

The deforesting of the state has made 
remarkable changes in its avi-fauna, and 
some of these changes are still in progress; 
while the rapid increase in cultivated areas, 

the introduction 
— i of new varieties 
of fruit tree>. 
grasses, weeds, 
and insects, and 
the d r a i n a 2' e 
a n d disappear- 
ance of exten- 
sive s w a m p s 
and marshes, 
have combined 
to alter i n a 
marked degree 
the conditions 
under which 
m a n y o f o u r 
birds continue 
to exist. 

The Bulletin 
of the Michigan 
Ornitholoo'ic a 1 
Club should be- 
come at once the 
medium f o r a 
most stimulat- 
ing and helpful 
interchange of 
experiences 
among our bird lovers and students of 
nature, and it is not too much to predict 
that its pages will furnish more informa- 
tion as to Michigan birds than all the 
pages of all the other bird journals of the 
world, besides giving us the cream of bird 
news from those parts of the world which 
are so unfortunate as to lie outside our 
borders. 

The advent of this journal marks an 
epoch in the ornithological history of the 
state; let us see that the venture is at once 
placed beyond the danger of an experiment, 
and that the bulletin shall grow in popular- 
ity and usefulness with each successive 



6 



Bulletin of the Michigan Ornithological Club. 



issue. It merits the hearty support and 
co-operation of every live naturalist in the 
state ; let us see that it has it. 



^ 



Vireonidae of Wayne County, Midi. 

W. A. DAVIDSON. 

IKING more than twenty years of 
field work in this county, I have 
met with but three species of this 
family — the Red-eyed, the Warbling, and 
the Yellow-throated Vireos. All are com- 
mon summer residents, the Red-eyed being' 
the most abundant. 

They arrive with us from the first to the 
fifteenth of May, about the time that 
leaves are well formed, and insect life has 
assumed spring activity; migrating more 
as individuals than in flocks, seldom more 
than three being seen together. Their de- 
parture south takes place in September, 
usually the last week. 

Their food consists of caterpillars, grubs, 
and various small insects, also of worms 
and spiders. Their hooked bills enable 
them to tear apart cocoons for the 
chrysalids they contain, also assisting 
them in unrolling leaves, which contain a 
small grub of which they seem to be very 
fond. The claws are well curved allowing 
the bird to obtain a good hold on small 
twigs, and they suspend themselves as do 
the Chickadees, when examining the under 
sides of the leaves. 

They commence nesting the last of May, 
and it is then that the woods resound with 
their song. All are charming singers, the 
early morning and shortly before sundown 
being the time to hear these birds at their 
best, the male singing to his mate, assur- 
ing her of his presence, and driving away 
the dull care of the one who keeps house. 
That the song is appreciated is in evidence 
as a faint warble comes from the throat of 
the tired one. (The habit of answering 
from the nest is particularly noticeable in 
this family and some of the fly catchers, 
as Wood Pewee, Contopus virens, and the 
genus, Empidonax.) Both sexes assist in 
nest building and incubation. On May 
10th, 1896, T found a nest of the Red-eyed 
Vireo containing two fresh eggs, and on 
the 17th, the eggs (then three in number 
and one Cowbird's) were well advanced in 
incubation. Upon again visiting the nest 
on the 21th, I found that the eggs of the 
Vireos had hatched, but the Cowbird's 
egor was intact so I removed it, and found 



upon breaking it that it was nearly hatched. 
I think the period of incubation to be 
eleven days. Both parents assist in feeding 
the young. The nests are pendulous, 
generally well out on a horizontal limb in 
some convenient fork, where the drooping 
limb has a tendency to hide the nest. 

The Red-eyed Vireo builds a nest of fine 
strips of bark, weed stalks, grasses, decayed 
wood, often working in bits of paper, 
wasp-paper, or moss, and lining the nest 
with fine grass, round grass stems, horse 
hair or pine leaves. This bird will often 
lay before the nest is completed, and I 
have found nests that were alive with 
vermin, especially is this the case where 
decayed wood is used and the nest is 
bulky. Deep woods or thickets are usually 
chosen as nesting sites, and when in deep 
woods it is generally near a path if not 
directly over it, or along the border. Nest 
from three to twentv feet from ground. 
E££s, three to four, dimensions .95 x .65 
for largest I have taken, down to .78 x .54. 
I have never been able to find a set of 
more than three eggs. Color of eggs, 
white, flecked or spotted with reddish or 
dark brown. This species as well as the 
next suffers considerably from the evil 
habit of the Cowbird. 

The Warbling Vireo's nest is made 
pretty much the same as is that of the 
former, but more compactly woven. 
Seldom is any paper or wasp-paper used. 
Occasionally a feather is worked in the side. 
Eggs, 3 to 4, same as in preceding species 
but" smaller, from .70 x .50 to .75 x .56. 
Nests from 4 to 20 feet from ground, in 
orchards or open woods on high ground. 

The Yellow-throated Vireo makes its 
nest of grasses and strips of fine bark, lined 
with grasses or horsehair, the outside 
stuccoed with mosses, lichens, and bits of 
cocoons, held in place by caterpillar's silk 
and col) webs. A very handsome nest. 
Eggs, 3 to 4, are creamy or salmon color be- 
fore being blown, when thev become more 
or less creamy white. The markings are 
dark purplish brown, some eggs showing 
lilac shell markings. The markings are 
scattered more or less all over the egg. 
Largest dimensions, .80x.62; smallest, 
.70 x .45. This species frequents heavy, 
damp woods in which there are catholes 
or through which a stream of water runs. 
Nest from 4 to 20 feet from the ground. 

Detroit, Mich. 



Bulletin of the Michigan Ornithological Club. 



BULLETIN 

OF THE 

/IIMcbigan ©rnitbological Club, 

Published Quarterly. 

L. WHITNEY W ATKINS, Manchester, Mich., 
Editor-in Chief. 

Associates : 
W. A. Davidson, 383 Morrell St., Detroit, Mich. 

T. L. Hankinson, Agricultural College, Mich. 
Norman A. Wood, Ann Arbor, Mich. 



Managing Editors, 



W. EARLE MULLIKEN, j 
LEON J. COLE, j 

191 First Ave., Grand Rapids, Mich. 



Subscription: In North America, fifty cents a year, strictly 
in advance. Single copies, fifteen cents. 

Foreign subscription: Seventy-five cents a year to all 
countries in the Universal Postal Union. 

Free to Honorary Members, and to Active and Associate 
Members of the Club not in arrears for dues. 

Advertising rates sent on application to Managing Editors. 



Articles for publication should be sent to one of the editors. 

All advertisements, subscriptions, or business communica- 
tions should be sent to the Managing Editors. 

Author's separates can be furnished at a very reasonable rate 
if application is made when the article is sent. 



The Bulletin of the Michigin Ornithological Club 
does not appear as a rival of any publication, but 
rather as a hearty co-worker in their field of useful- 
ness in the diffusion of knowledge regarding birds. 
We stand for hearty co-operative work among the 
birds of the Great Lake Region, and trust and hope 
that all workers in ornithology in Michigan, and 
adjoining states and Canada, and all interested in 
the birds of this region will join with the Club, 
whose interests we represent, as a field worker and 
observer, and share with us in a work of pleasure 
and health and profit. To all such we extend a 
cordial greeting. 



Officially received Feb'y 2nd, 1897: 

"The Wilson Ornithological Chapter of the Agassiz 
Association sends hearty greetings to the Michigan 
Ornithological Club, in whose work we feel a deep 
interest. We are working side by side toward the 
same end — the advancement of our knowledge of 
the birds in every possible way. It is pleasing to 
notice that the editor-in-chief of the publications of 
each organization is a member of both organizations. ' ' 

We acknowledge with hearty thanks this graceful 
courtesy of a sister club to us, and will gladly join 
with, any and with all in the fulfillment of our 
unselfish purpose. 



This Bulletin will fearlessly expose the methods 
of any firm or individual dealing dishonestly with 
any member of the Club, or with any ornithologist 
in this state, whether a member or not. 



We assert ourselves unhesitatingly in favor of the 
strict enforcement of our game and fish laws, and 
will at all times do our utmost to aid State Warden 
Osborn, of our Club, in bringing all offenders of the 
same to speedy justice. Any members, or others, 
who know of any violation of these laws, will be 
expected to promptly notify any officer of the Club 
or any of the editorial board of this paper or Mr. 
Osborn personally, and the laws will be speedily 
vindicated. The editors of this official bulletin will 
reserve space in its columns for the reports of all 
interested in this work of protection, and will be 
glad of notice of all violations with the names of the 
offenders. 

We applaud Governor Pingree's prompt announce- 
ment that he will remove from office any prosecuting 
attorney who refuses to properly prosecute violaters 
of the game and fish laws. 



There is not an article, note or news item in this 
paper which is not Avritten by a member of the 

Michigan Ornithological Club. 

Each member of the Club will co-operate with the 
American Ornithologists' Union committee on the 
protection of our native American birds from need- 
less destruction. Mr. Wm. Dutcher, 525 Manhattan 
Ave., New York City, is chairman. Write to him. 



There will be, in each subsecjuent number of this 
bulletin, space devoted to questions and answers. 
Send 1hem along. This is to be the Club's medium 
of conversation for discussion and for study. Com- 
pare your notes. 

In sending in notes and news for publication, 
kindly write them carefully upon a separate sheet 
and not mixed throughout a personal letter. It will 
save the editor a great amount of labor if you will 
remember this. 



We receive a sad notice of the death of Major 
Chas. E. Bendire. He died at Jacksonville, Florida, 
on Feb. 4, 1897. 

Major Bendire has been for many years curator of 
the Department of Oology in the U. S. National 
Museum. We all -know him as the author of that 
great work, ' 'The Life Histories of North American 
Birds." 

The death of this excellent man and earnest 
ornithologist will be lamented by every student of 
birds in America. 



8 



Bulletin of the Michigan Ornithological Club. 



NOTES. 

Murderous Red-headed Wood- 
peckers. 

One afternoon, last summer, while sit- 
ting quietly in the house, I heard a great 
chattering, and distressing cries among the 
birds on the lawn. Hurrying out to in- 
vestigate the disturbance, I found the 
Red-headed Woodpeckers waging fierce 
war on the young Baltimore Orioles. 
Saw one of the Woodpeckers flapping his 
wings and striking with his bill, with con- 
siderable force, something on the ground, 
which proved to be a young Oriole, just 
out of the nest. The Orioles succeeded in 
driving him away once, but he immediate- 
ly returned and bv the time rescue was at 
hand the little bird was almost dead. 
During the battle the Robins and Catbirds 
kept up an incessant din, but always at a 
safe distance, apparently thinking the 
noise they made, sufficient encouragement. 
The Woodpeckers did not give up the 
conflict until they had killed all the young 
Orioles on this four acre lawn, attacking 
them in the nests, leaving one hanging dead 
on the e< Ige of the nest. My feelings toward 
the whole Woodpecker family, since this 
brutal attack, have been so unpleasant, I 
quite rejoiced when I learned how quickly 
the English Sparrows humiliated and 
banished one of their number that appeared 
in one of the trees of the city, during the 
cold weather in January. 

E. O. Kelsey. 

Holm croft, Grosse He. 



Note from Barry County. 

In going to my work every day last 
summer, 1 used to pass a large elm tree. 
In this a pair of English Sparrows had 
taken up their abode, in a hole in a large 
limb. One morning as I was passing 
along, I observed a pair of Crow r Black- 
birds at work destroying the nest. They 
succeeded in driving the Sparrows away, 
and in a short time they built in this little 
hollow a nest of their own, in which they 
reared four young. 

Gottlieb Bessmer. 

Hastings, Mich. 



men, reported that they had shot a red bird 
in a swamp in Hillsdale County, on Dec. 
•Ath. This swamp is located in the 
northern part of the county. I was 
anxious to know just what sort of a red 
bird it could have been, so had the Colonel 
hunt up the bird and bring it to me. I 
was very much surprised to find that the 
bird was a genuine Cardinal Grosbeak, 
and the fact of its tarrying in this latitude 
while snow covered the ground is some- 
thing unheard of by me before. These 
two sportsmen shot a King Rail in the 
same locality Dec. 11. 

A. H. Boies. 
Hudson, Mich. 

It is well known that the Cardinal 
Grosbeak is occasionally found in northern 
latitudes in winter, and the fact is an 
interesting one. May we not have a note 
from Professor Barrows upon this subject 
for our next issue '. We are very glad of 
such notes as these. — Ed. 



Swainson's Hawks and Black 
Guillemots. 

I wish to report several Swainson's 
Hawks killed in this county (Wayne). 
One was killed by John Stocker, near 
Grosse Point, and hangs in his store 
window on Russell St. — this is a female 
in the light plumage ; the other, a male 
in the dark plumage, was in Campion 
Bros.' (taxidermists) on Grand River, 
near 5th St. 

Two Black Guillemots were killed at 
the St. Claire Elats. One of them is now 
in the possession of C. Havens, dealer in 
sporting goods. 

W. A. Davidson. 

Detroit, Mich. 



Cardinal Grosbeak and King Rail, 
in Winter. 

Colonel Thorn and Mr. Abel Fellows, 
two of Hudson's most enthusiastic sports- 



How about our Birds in the South? 

This recent cold weather must have had 
its effect upon the less hardy birds in the 
south. I noticed that the temperature at 
Knoxville, Tenn., Avent as low as two 
degrees below zero. I sincerely hope that 
there were no Bluebirds in that region. 
Have the English Sparrows suffered from 
the cold in your vicinity i 

Lynds Jones. 

Oberlin, Ohio. 

Mr. Hay writes from Texas that it 

"froze a nigger" in Houston. Let us 
hope the birds were spared. — Ed. 



Bulletin of the Michigan Ornithological Club. 



9 



Is the English Sparrow Becoming 
Less Common? 

How are the English Sparrows faring 
in your locality 4 Are they as abundant 
as in former years \ They have certainly 
diminished more than one-half in numbers 
at Plymouth, compared to what they have 
been in former years. I think it is not 
owing to the state bounty law, for no 
bounty has ever been paid in Wayne 
County, because of the failure of the Board 
of Supervisors to make appropriations for 
a payment of the same. Perhaps they 
have increased in other localities, but they 
are certainly less common here. 

1 hope that all members of our Club 
will make careful observations in the 
various localities and report in the near 
future, for I think that this is a point of 
much interest to its members. 

James B. Purdy. 

Plymouth, Mich. 

Let all members of the Club kindly 
ansAver this question in the next issue. — Ed. 



Notes from the South. 

This country is very different from my 
home in Michigan. A man told me yester- 
day that twenty miles south of here, out 
on the prairie, there are now geese, cranes 
and ducks bv the thousands; so much rain 
that every hole is full of water. I hope to 
get out there soon. I have seen so many 
of them here, that I take no more notice 
of the Turkey Buzzards than I did English 
Sparrows at home. They are in this city 
by the thousand, and often stand about in 
the streets and sit upon the housetops. 
There is a place in the west part of the 
city know as "Buzzard's Roost,'' and I 
went down there one afternoon about half 
past four, to see the birds come in. The 
trees are very high and when all have 
arrived from the surrounding country, 
they are fairly black with them. There 
is a $5.00 fine for shooting them and they 
are very tame. These birds roost here at 
all times except when they are nesting, 
when they stay in the pine woods about 
four miles from the city. - They nest in 
April and May. But this is perhaps of 
more interest to me than to you, so far 
away. Chas. V. Hay. 

Houston, Texas, Jan. 30th, 1897. 



Nesting of the Lark Sparrow at 
Macon, Lenawee Co. 

This bird is a rare summer resident of 
Lenawee County. Several years ago I 
took some sets and nests, one that I call 
to mind placed beside a lump of dirt in a 
freshly plowed field, and another under a 
mullein plant, completely covered by a 
large leaf. This was in the spring of 
1885. Then for a long time the birds 
seemed to be absent as summer residents, 
until May of 1892, when a pair were 
located, and no doubt nested, in an oat 
field near my house. Then another blank 
until April 20, 1896, when I took a 
beautiful set of five eggs and nest. The 
nest was placed on ground beside a large 
bunch of red -root. The nests are much 
like the nests of Vesper Sparrow only 
larger, and less grass used in the lining. 
This last one was lined exclusively with 
horse hair. They are a large and beautiful 
species, and I regret that they are not 
more abundant in Michigan. 

Mark B. Mills. 

9/ 



Adrian, Mich., Jan. 



i\ 1897. 



Greenville, Mich., Feb. 9, 1897. 
L. W. W Atkins, Esq., 

Manchester, Mich. 
Dear Sir: — Do you wish me to fill out 
another schedule form with spring migra- 
tion notes this season? I saw the first 
Robin (as a migrant) last Friday, and seven 
on Sunday; also on that day a Crow. While 
up North hunting on the Upper Peninsular, 
I got a couple of Hawk Owls, a Raven and 
several Arctic Three-toed Woodpeckers. 
The birds are beginning to know it is 
approaching nesting time. The Nuthatches 
this morning are particularly vociferous 
and combative. 

Very faithfully yours, 

Percy Selous. 

I make public answer to the first 
question in this interesting note, for the 
benefit of all concerned. Start at once 
taking migration notes. Blanks will be 
mailed to all members of the Club, to all 
who aided in the work last season and to 
all who may request, on or before March 
1st, '97. My duties as Editor-in-chief of 
this Bulletin, as well as Chairman of the 
Migration Committee, necessitate the 
delay. L. W. W. 



10 



Bulletin of the Michigan Ornithological Club. 



Capture of Uria troile (Murre) at 
Gibralter, Mich. 

Dear Friend: — I have the pleasure of 
sending you an account of the capture of 
a bird whose presence in Michigan has 
been questioned. I can find no record for 
this state, but Mr. Covert says it has been 
reported. This bird, a fine ad. male, 
was shot from a Hock of several near 
Gibralter, Mich., Dec, 26th, 1896, by 
some duck hunters. They did not know 
the bird, so brought it to Mr. J. H. 
Butler of River Range. As he is an old 
duck hunter and had never seen the bird, 
he sent it to me to be mounted and identified. 
It is now at my office at the University of 
Michigan museum. It is Uria troile, or 
Murre. 

Three Snowy Owls were killed by W. 
W. Belknap at St. Clair Flats and sent to 
me Feby. 9th. 

Mr. Covert received six Old Squaw 
Ducks from Jack Simms of East Tawas. 

A boy brought me a fine ad. male Redpoll 
taken from a large flock near here on 
Feby. 8th. 

Received four Short-eared Owls from 
Lenawee Co. the other day, and in 
December last a fine Acadian Owl was 
killed near here. 

N. A. Wood. 

Ann Arbor, Mich. 

Dr. Gibbs reports Uria troile, "occasion- 
ally taken on Lake Superior. " (Annotated 
list of Birds of Michigan, 1879, page 496.) 

We will hope to hear from Dr. Gibbs 
concerning the early reports upon this 
species in our next issue. — Ed. 



The Migration Work. 

The Migration Committee will continue 
their work this spring, and blanks will be 
sent to all who aided in the work last year, 
and to anyone else who may request them. 
Residents in the state should apply to Mr. 
L. W. Watkins, Manchester, Michigan. 

Commencing this spring, the committee 
will enlarge their field, taking in Illinois, 
Indiana, Ohio, Wisconsin, Iowa and 
Ontario; Mr. W. Earle Mulliken, 191 
First Ave., Grand Rapids, Mich., taking- 
charge of the work. Persons in these 
states should write him at once. 

A list of the stations will be printed in 
an early issue of this bulletin. 



PERSONALS. 

Prof. Walter B. Barrows is doing splendid work 
in the interests of natural history in this state, 
through his instructive talks upon economic zoology 
at the State Farmers' Institutes being held this 
winter. 

Mr. Lynds Jones of Oherlin, Ohio, is the efficient 
editor of the Bulletin of the Wilson Ornithological 
Chapter of the Agassiz. 

Mrs. Estelle O. Kelsey of Grosse He made the 
editor-in-chief a pleasant little visit at Fairview 
Farm Jan. 18th and 19th. 

Bryant Walker, Esq., of Detroit. Michigan's 
expert conchologist, spent Dec. 28th in looking over 
the land shells at the University of Michigan museum. 

Mr. Leon J. Cole of Grand Rapids, gives interesting 
notes regarding a peculiarly marked specimen of the 
Lesser Scaup Duck, in The Osprey, Jan., '97, in 
which the feathers of breast and belly are strongly 
tipped with rufous, the neck, back, secondaries and 
tail showing traces of the same color. 

Mr. Bradshaw Hall Swales of Detroit is now a 
student in the U. of M. at Ann Arbor, and a member 
of the Sigma Alpha Epsilon fraternity. 

Mr. L. D. Watkins of Manchester, is chairman of 
the recently appointed committee on anthropology 
in the Michigan Pioneer and Historical Society, and 
is also one of its committee of historians. Mr. 
Watkins came to Michigan from New Hampshire 
with his father in 1834, and has since made Fairview 
Farm his home. 

Mr. A. B. Durfee, the veteran collector of Grand 
Rapids, has been wisely chosen president of our 
Club for another year. 

Mr. Mark B. Mills of Macon, was elected register 
of deeds by an overwhelming majority in Lenawee 
County on the republican ticket. 

It has been a pleasure to receive kind words from 
such veteran ornithologists as Purdy, Trombley, 
Covert, Gibbs, Miles, Boies and Steere, and to know 
that they are so interested in the work and success 
of the Michigan Club. 

Mr. T. L. Haukinson of the Michigan Agricultural 
College, must be acknowledged the state's authority 



on stalking shore-birds. 



Ask Cole and Mulliken. 



Prof. A. J. Cook is already one of the most popular 
lecturers in Californian institute work, and though 
so far away, those in his home state are personally 
interested in his success. 

Dr. Robert H. Wolcott of the University of 
Nebraska, promises the editor-in-chief a visit next 
season, and another of the old-fashioned (if Covert 
comes too), red-letter collecting trips is promised at 
this end. 

Mr. E. W. Durfee of Lordsburg, New Mexico, is 
home on a sick leave. He had a severe attack of 
mountain fever, but has entirely recovered now. 
He expects to return west this spring. 



Bulletin of the Michigan Ornithological Club. 



11 



The result of the trip East of Mr. Norman A. 
Wood for the purpose of studying the newer methods 
of preparing and arranging mounted specimens amid 
natural surroundings, is already productive of grand 
results in Michigan University Museum. Call and 
see and perhaps Mr. Wood will give you a button- 
hole boquet of his own make. 

Hon. Chase S. Osborn, Sault Ste. Marie, State 
Game and Fish Warden of Michigan, has done 
valiant service in his untiring energy in the protec- 
tion of our native fish and game this fall, and thanks 
are due him from every member of the Club. 

Mr. Geo. H. Walker, Belvidere, 111., has favored 
the committee on bird migration with very valuable 
notes on several species continuously for many years, 
beginning with notes from his grandfather's records. 

Dr. Morris Gibbs, the famous "Scolopax," is now 
issuing in American Field a series of articles upon 
Game Birds of the Great Lakes, which alone are worth 
the subscription to that great weekly exponent of 
the sportman's interests in America. 

Chief Simon Pokagon of the Pottawattamies has 
one of his appealingly elqouent and very accurate 
articles entitled, "The Wild Pigeon of North 
America," in The Chautauquan, Vol. XXII, No. 2. 

Frank B. Webster Co., Hyde Park. Mass., will 
give a reward of $10.00 to the party who enables 
them to procure a Black-capped Petrel. This 
amount in addition to what they pay for the specimen. 

Mr. Norman A. Wood of Ann Arbor, has several 
tine specimens of American Rough-legged Hawk, 
sent him to be sold at $1.00 per skin. They were 
killed at New Baltimore, Macomb Co. 

If you want an English Setter, and one that will 
suit you, we suggest that you inquire of Mr. A. B. 
Covert of Ann Arbor, before you buy one — he some- 
times has one to spare. 

Mr. E. W. Durfee visited his old home at 
Plymouth, Michigan, during January, and incident- 
ally called on Messrs. J. B. Purdy and Robert C. 
Alexander. 

The editor-in-chief acknowledges the generous 
gift from Mr. L. J. Cole of a fine skin of Baird's 
Sandpiper ( Tringa Bairdii Coues). It was taken 
by him Aug. 24th, 1896, at Spring Lake, Ottawa 
County. Michigan. 



RECORD OF MEETINGS. 

January 8, 1897. — The first regular 
monthly meeting of the Club for the year 
was called to order at eight o'clock Avith the 
President in the chair. The Librarian 
reported 270 catalogued books and period- 
icals in the library. Mr. Chas. L. Cass 
of Hillsdale was elected an active member 
of the Club. The managing editors of the 
bulletin reported that it was hoped that 
they might bring out the first issue of the 
paper during February. Mr. Mulliken 
read an invitation from the Cooper Ornith- 



ological Club of California, to be present 
at their Annual Assembly to be held at 
San Jose. 

A paper entitled, "A Trip to Grassy 
Island," by Mr. B. H. Swales, was read 
by Mr. Read in the absence of the author. 
Mr. Swales' paper gave a very interesting 
account of the difficulties connected with 
collecting the eggs of some of the marsh 
birds, and gave notes on their nesting 
habits. Considerable discussion followed 
as to whether the different species of rails 
ever lav in the same nest, and final lv it was 
decided that in all probability they do. 

February 12, 1897. — After the reading of 
the minutes of the last meeting, the Treas- 
urer's report was read. Dues for '97 are 
coming" in, but there are still a few out 
for '96. 

The Librarian reported the receipt of 
the following during the past month : 
"Hawks and Owls from the Standpoint of 
the Farmer," "The Crow Blackbirds and 
their Food," "Bird Day in the Schools," 
"The Osprey" of Oct. and Dec, '96, and 
Jan., '97, and "A Preliminary List of the 
Birds of Wayne Co., Ohio," a Bulletin of 
the Ohio Agricultural Experiment Station. 

The following were elected members : 
Honorary, Dr. Manly Miles, Mr. A. H. 
Boies and Chief Simon Pokagon ; active, 
Judge J. H. Steere, Sault Ste. Marie, and 
James B. Purdv, Plvmouth ; and associate, 
Robt. C. Alexander, Plymouth, and Chas. 
V. Hay, Houston, Texas. 

Mr. Durfee presented the Club Avith the 
following sets of eggs : One set of three 
Red-shouldered Hawk, 1-4 Cooper's Hawk, 
1-3 Marsh Hawk. 1-5 Burrowing OavI, 
1-10 Florida Gallinule, 1-12 Sora, 1-1 
Cliff SAvalloAv, 1-3 Vesper SparroAv, 1-3 
Warbling Vireo, 1-3 Traill's Flycatcher, 
1-3 Acadian Flycatcher, 1-2 Wood Pewee, 
1-3 Scarlet Tanager, 1—1 Blue-gray Gnat- 
catcher, 1-3 Red-headed Woodpecker, 1-6 
Flicker, 1-3 Rose-breasted Grosbeak, 1-3 
Baltimore Oriole, 1-5 Chickadee, 1-2 
Black-billed Cuckoo, 1-2 Yellow-billed 
Cuckoo, 1-3 Indigo Bunting, 1—t Towhee, 
1-4 Field Sparrow, 1-3 Lark Sparrow, 
1—t Russet-backed Thrush, 1—t Wilson's 
Thrush, 1-4 Wood Thrush, 1-2 OA T enbird, 



-3 



Magnolia W arbler 



o 



Maryland 



Yellow-throat, and 1-3 Prairie Horned 
Lark. 

"The Pied-billed Grebe,' written by 



12 



Bulletin of the Michigan Ornithological Club. 



Mr. W. A Davidson and read by Mr. 
Mulliken, was the first paper. Mr. 
Davidson gave the Grebe as a common 
summer resident near Detroit, where it 
breeds abundantly. He says that they 
are very shy, and that he has never found 
the parent bird on the nest. He tried an 
experiment with some young birds to 
prove a statement which he had heard, 
that they would sink under the water 
backwards. The birds he had persisted 
in going head lirst. In the discussion that 
followed, Mr. Durfee and Mr. Laraway 
said they had seen Grebes sink slowly 
down till only their bills were above the 
water. 

Following this was a paper by Mr. 
Norman A. Wood, who gave many 
practical hints as to what could yet be 
accomplished in the study of the birds of 
Michigan. 

The program was concluded by a paper 
entitled, "Nesting Habits of the House 
Wren," by Mr. A. B. Durfee. Many 
peculiar nesting places of the Wren Avere 
mentioned, one of the most interesting of 
which was a nest in a ball of twine which 
had been used from the middle, leaving a 
sort of hollow sphere. After a general 
talk on Wrens the meeting adjourned. 

Leon J. Cole, 

Secretary. 

Officers and Committees 

OF THE 
MICHIGAN ORNITHOLOGICAL CLUB. 

1897. 

President, A. B. DURFEE. 
Vice-President, W. A. DAVIDSON. 
Secretary, LEON J. COLE. 
Treasurer, ESTELLE O. KELSEY. 
Librarian, BURTON R. LARAWAY. 

PROGRAMME COMMITTEE. 

B. Hall Swales, Chairman, Lotan C. Reed, 

C. Morton Ay res. 

COLLECTION COMMITTEE. 

C. A. Whittemore, Chairman, Percy Selons, 

Horace F. Jones. 

MIGRATION COMMITTEE. 

L. Whitney Watkins, Chairman, 

W. Earle Mulliken, Thos. L. Hankinson, 

Mark B. Mills, Chase S. Osborn. 

Membership Roll. 

February, 1897. 
(Unless otherwise given, the residence is in Michigan.) 

HONORARY MEMBERS. 

" x "*Barrows, Prof. W. B., Mich. Agricultural College. 
* Boies, Maj. A. H., Hudson. 



"Cook, Prof. A. J., Pomona Coll., Claremont, Cala. 
Covert, Adolphe B., U. of M. Museum, Ann Arbor. 
Gibbs, Dr. Morris, Kalamazoo. 
Miles, Dr. Manly, Lansing. 
Pokagon, Chief Simon, Hartford. 
"Steere, Dr. J. B., Ann Arbor. 

ACTIVE MEEBERS. 

Ayres, C. Morton, Sault Ste. Marie. 

Baker, Henry B. , Jr. , 726 Ottawa St. , Lansing. 

Bancher, Edward, Jackson. 

Barlow, Claud, Greenville. 

Bessmer, Gottlieb, Hastings. 

Cass, Chas. L., Hillsdale. 

"Cole, Leon J., 27 Lake St , Grand Rapids. 

Davidson, W. A., 383 Morrell St., Detroit, 

Drake, L. M., Maiden, Mass. 

Durfee, A. B. , 759 Wealthy Ave., Grand Rapids. 

t Fitch, Roy G., Grand Rapids. 

Hankinson, T. L., Michigan Agricultural College. 

Hayden, Wm. A., Jackson. 

Jones, A. H., Greenville. 

Jones, H. F. , 275J Lyon St. , Grand Rapids. 

Karshner, Clyde, Big Rapids. 

Kelsey, Mrs. Estelle O., Holmcroft. Grosse He. 

Laraway, .Burton R., 50 S. Union St., Grand Rapids. 

Mills, Mark B., Register of Deeds Office, Adrian. 

Mulliken, W. E., 191 First Ave., Grand Rapids. 

Newton, Robert R., 152 Charles St., Grand Rapids. 

"-"Osborn, Chase S., Sault Ste. Marie. 

Pieters, Mrs. H. M., Washington, D. C. 

" :: "Purdy, James B., Plymouth. 

Read, Lotan C , Michigan Soldiers' Home P. O. 

Selous, Percy, Greenville. 

" x Steere, Judge Joseph H., Sault Ste. Marie. 

Stockman, A. H, Arcadia. 

Swales, B. Hall, S. A. E. House, Ann Arbor. 

Walker, Bryant, 18 Moffat Bid., Detroit. 

Watkins, L. D., Manchester. 

" ;f Watkins, L. Whitney, Manchester. 

White, T. Gilbert, 2 Waverly Place, Grand Rapids. 

Whittemore, Prof. C. A., 656 Madison Ave., Grand 

Rapids. 
Whiting, Clarence K., 224 School St., Grand Rapids. 
Wolcott, Dr. Robt. H., Univ. of Neb., Lincoln, Neb. 
Wood, Norman A., Univ. of Mich. Museum, Ann 

Arbor. 

ASSOCIATE MEMBERS. 

Alexander, Robert C, Plymouth. 

Bracket!, Lewis. Big Rapids. 

Clarkson, Mrs. Emma S., 13 S. 5th Ave., Ann Arbor. 

Durfee, E. W., Lordsburg, N. Mex. 

Fredricks, Geo. J., Brooklyn. 

Hay, Chas. V., 1807 Texas Ave., Houston, Tex. 

Hunt, Lynn B., 1109 E. Porter St., Albion. 

Clones, Lynds, Oberlin Coll. Museum, Oberlin, O. 

Joslin, Roy. Big Rapids. 

Lewis, D. J., Ganges. 

Rath, Henry, Ludington. 

Stuart, Friant, 3639 Vincennes Ave. , Chicago, 111. 

Stuart, Harold, 3639 Vincennes Ave., Chicago, 111. 

Stuart, W. H, 3639 Vincenues Ave., Chicago, 111. 

Walker, Geo, H. Belvidere, 111. 

AVatkins, Harry C, 14 Williams St., Ann Arbor. 

*Member of the American Ornithologists 1 Union. 
**Active member A. O. U. 
tDied July 18, 1895. 



can do-n&;.urtxtrig 





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Framed in the Prodigality of Nature, 

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G. P. and T. A: St. Paul, Minn. 



Tumwater Canyon, Wash. 



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(Through the kindness of the Osprey.) 



NOV 3 ,, M 



BULLETIN 



OF THE 



/HMcbicjan ©mitbological Club. 



Vol. 1. No. 2. 



Grand Rapids, Mich., April, 1897. 



50 cents per year. 



OGGasional Bird-Notes in and 
around Greenville. 

TT MONG the more uncommon birds 
(5/Yi which I have noticed during the 

A. JL past year, is the Pileated Wood- 
pecker. Once common enough, I am 
satisfied that this bird is really rare now, 
hereabouts, and although I have roamed 
much in the surrounding woods for nearly 
five years, always intent on natural 
history, I have only met Avith it on two 
occasions: In August, last, some five 
miles up the river, and in December, near 
Dickson's Creek, six miles north of the 
city. I am not at all sure bat that it was 
the same bird I saw each time, and a friend 
reported to me having seen one the other 
day near where I saw the last. 

On the 27th of January, a flock of seven 
Pine Grosbeaks were feeding on the 
maples in Cass street. They have, how- 
ever, to all appearances, left the neighbor- 
hood, for I can no longer locate them. 
Last year they were very numerous, but 
the first arrivals noticed by me were on 
February 5th. As I secured some fine 
specimens then, I did not molest these last 
visitors. As an instance of the occasional 
wide distribution of this bird, I may men- 
tion that I have recently been informed of 
its occurrence in France, where it goes by 
the name of Durbec du Canada. 

A Northern Shrike (Z. borealis) has 
for some time past frequented the trees 
around my house and I have had an ex- 
cellent opportunity of studying the habits 
of this very interesting bird. Most of 
these are too well known to need mention, 
though one trait, allusion to which I have 
seen in print, I had the satisfaction of 
witnesssing the other day. A neighbor 
has a Canary hanging in a cage in full 



view of the window, and I saw the Shrike 
swoop down from the topmost twig of a 
tall poplar and dash violently against the 
pane. My neighbor tells me that it is the 
second time that the same thing has 
happened. 

While on the topic of the somewhat 
unusual, perhaps the following may be 
worthy of record. Last summer I had a 
young American Bittern (B. lentiginosus) 
brought me alive, and not wishing to 
destroy it, I turned it loose in a small 
marsh close to the house, in hopes it 
might get full winged and depart. A few 
days afterwards the same bird — I could 
tell it by slight deformity of the bill — was 
brought me again, and after feeding it 
with some frogs I again put it down in the 
marsh. The weather was now very hot 
and the water all dried up, and as I saw 
no more of my Bittern, I concluded that 
frogs, etc., had played out and that he 
had sought pastures new. However, 
shortly afterward a ring and the greeting, 
"Did you want to buy a bird?" met me. 
It was my poor friend once more, but so 
wretched and emaciated that I hardly 
recognized him. No doubt the frogs were 
no longer there, but feeling something 
peculiar about the craw of the bird, I ex- 
tracted — of all things — some huckleberries 
and other berries. Is this not remarkable % 
We all know that hunger will do much, 
but 1 should have imagined that the 
creature would have simply starved to 
death rather than take to such a diet. 
Can any of our members recall anything 
similar, with so strictlv carnivorous a 
bird? Feeling now, more than ever, an 
interest in the bird, I fed him till strength 
was regained, and then taking him up the 
river, deposited him in a bayou where 
batrachians were plentiful, and he would 
be safe from the small boy. 

Percy Selous. 



14 



Bulletin of the Michigan Ornithological Club. 



To the MiGhigan Ornithological Club: 

BY CHIEF SIMON POKAGON. 

WITH a joyous heart I received and 
read the first number of the 
Bulletin of the Michigan 
Ornithological Club, published in the 
interest of the birds of my native state. 

Certain it is, the more we study the 
characters and habits of animals, the more 
we become impressed with their intelli- 
gence, and the wisdom of Him who 
created them. 

In early life I was deeply mortified as I 
witnessed the grand old forests of Mich- 
igan, under whose shades my forefathers 
lived and died, falling before the cyclone 
of civilization like before the prairie fire. 
In those days I traveled 
thousands of miles along 
our winding trails, through 
the wild solitude of the 
unbroken forests, listening 
to the song of the wood- 
land birds, as they poured 
forth their melodies from 
the thick foliage above and 
about me. Very seldom 
now do I catch one familiar 
note from those early war- 
blers of the woods. They 
have all passed away, but 
with feelings of the deepest 
gratitude I now listen to 
the songs of other birds 
which have come with the 
advance of civilization. They are with 
us all about our homes, and like the wild- 
wood birds which our fathers used to hold 
their breath to hear, they sing in concert, 
without pride, without envy, without 
jealousy; alike in forest and in field; alike 
before the wigwam and the castle; alike 
for savage and for sage; alike for beggar 
and for prince; alike for chief and for 
king. I am so glad it is the mission of 
the members of this Club to associate 
themselves in closer communion with the 
bird creation, so as to become better ac- 
quainted with their habits and character- 
istics ; teaching freely to others the 
knowledge they have gained through 
sacrifice and unremitting toil, that they 
too may learn to love, defend and preserve 
these beautiful flowers of animal creation. 

It was not necessary to complete the 




happiness of singing birds, that the Great 
Spirit, in His wisdom, should have given 
them such beautiful plumage, and put 
such melodious songs into their mouths, 
any more than it was necessary for the 
happiness of the flowers that they were 
painted in such delicate colors, and made 
to breathe forth such rich perfume. We 
should regard their beautiful plumage, as 
well as their sweet songs, as our inherit- 
ance, to be guarded and protected from 
the spoiler. They pour forth their loving 
songs without malice, to please the tyrant 
who has imprisoned them within the walls 
of an iron-bound cage; and still stranger, 
they will continue to sing their sweetest 
notes to the cruel wretch who has blinded 
their eyes with a red-hot iron, in the 
belief that their song is then more touch- 

ingly melodious. 

When we consider their 
pure, unselfish nature, it 
does not seem possible 
that mortal man, endowed 
with reason, could prove 
unfaithful to so sacred a 
trust, placed under his 
dominion by the Divine, 
who has most emphatically 
declared that not even one 
sparrow falls to the ground 
without His notice. It is 
a lamentable fact that 
ladies of fashion will 
persist in wearing dead 
birds on their hats, thus 
creating a demand for 
millions of song birds that otherwise 
might live. A few years since, they 
undertook to introduce artificial snakes, 
frogs and lizards for that purpose; failing 
in that, now let them show the same 
regard for birds that they did for reptiles, 
using artificial ones instead, and thereby 
try to satisfy the greed of fashion, and 
spare the birds. 

There is no bird in Michigan, perhaps, 
more prized socially and for its song, than 
au-pe-tchi, the Robin. When unmolested, 
about many houses it appears almost 
domesticated. It is one of the largest song 
birds known among the feathered tribes. 
For some cause yet unexplained, to my 
knowledge, no larger bird has a musical 
voice. Between this bird and man no 
creature has yet opened its mouth in song, 
hence au-pe-tchi is bound to us by that 



Bulletin of the Michigan Oenithological Club. 



15 



sacred tie which binds us to the Heavenly. 

For several years a pair of these birds 
built their nest close to the door of my 
wigwam. I knew them when they re- 
turned each spring, as well as I knew my 
next-door neighbor when I met him. 
Each spring, on their return, the bride- 
groom never failed to take his place on 
the topmost branch of an elm, so close 
that I could see each motion of his mouth, 
his swelling throat, and sparkling eyes. 
He knew me, seemingly, as well as he 
knew his bride, for at such times he would 
sing with all his soul, u Boo-sho-nick-con, 
Po-ka-gonf ("How do you do, my 
friend Pokagon?") And I always res- 
ponded, "Boo-sho-nick-con, Au-pe-tchi?" 

I have often watched these birds search 
for angle worms under two inches of 
newly fallen snow. As, with measured 
tread and tiptoe hop, they moved along 
the surface, every now and then they 
would stop, bending their heads low and 
to one side in listening mood, and thrust- 
ing their bills through the snow they 
seldom failed to drag forth a worm. I am 
fully satisfied that they locate the worms 
by hearing them squirming under the snow. 

The last time these birds ever returned 
to our home was about the middle of 
March, before sunrise. I heard them 
chattering on the roof, and imagined them 
to say, " Paw-se-gwin we-wio, paw-se-gvrin 
we-wih v ("Get up quickly, get up quick- 
ly. ") I got up and stepped to the door. 
The bridegroom perched himself at once 
upon the same tree he had many times 
before on his return, and sang, Boo-sho- 
nick-con, Po-Jca-gon?" I repeated back, 
" Boo-sho-nick-con, Aa-pe-tchi?" ( u How do 
you do, my friend Robin?" Again he be- 
gan to chant more spirited than before, 

u Boo-sho-nich-con, Po-ka "when, to 

my surprise, he appeared suddenly to ex- 
plode, his feathers flying in all directions, 
quickly followed by the crack of a rifle. 
Then — oh, then I knew he was shot ! At 
first I was excited almost beyond control, 
and rushing towards the trail from whence 
the sound came — there stood a white boy 
reloading his gun. Boldly I walked up to 
him and said, "Sir, you have shot one of 
my family!'' He looked pale as marble, 
and for awhile, as dumb. Finally he 
placed one hand on his head as if he ex- 
pected to be scalped, saying, "I-I-I only 
shot a Robin." I said, "Come and see 



what you have done." I led the way to 
the house; slowly, he followed. I picked 
up the torn and bleeding bird and handed 
it to him saying, "Look at it!" During 
this time his mate flew about in great 
excitement, crying mur-r-der! mur-r-der! 
intermixed with the crying of my children 
who had come to the door. I then pro- 
ceeded to give the youth a brief history of 
two birds as connected with our home, and 
then said, "Now young man why did you 
shoot that bird ? Is it possible that you 
have murder in your heart?" Looking 
the bloody bird over, to my surprise, he 
began to cry, saying, "I did not want to 
kill it. I only wanted to see how close I 
could shoot, so far away. I am sorry I 
killed it. I will never, never do such a 
thing again." 

There are too many men, and sportsmen 
as well, in Michigan and elsewhere, that 
too much love to show their skill or feel 
their power. I hate to think that they 
love to kill merely for the sake of taking 
life. How I do wish that all sportsmen, 
and all who carry guns, when moved to do 
such reckless acts, would learn to repeat 
these ancient lines : 

"I would not enter on my list of. friends, 
(Though graced with polish'd manners and fine 

sense, 
Yet wanting sensibility,) the man 
Who needlessly sets foot upon a worm. 
An inadvertent step may crush the snail 
That crawls at evening in the public path ; 
But he that hath humanity, forwarn'd, 
Will tread aside, and let the reptile live. ' ' 
Hartford, Mich. 



Notes on the Great Horned Owl. 

BY W. P. MELVILLE. 

[Extracts from a paper read before the Windsor Popular 
Science Association.] 

In the winter of 1883-84, I had brought 
to me to be stuffed, a Great Horned Owl, 
Bubo virginianus, and on opening its 
mouth I was surprised to find several 
porcupine {Erethizon dorsatus) quills 
sticking into the tongue and through the 
sides of the mouth, and even protruding 
through among the feathers. But you can 
imagine my astonishment on opening the 
bird, to find the stomach, intestines, liver, 
and even the walls of the abdomen pierced 
through and through by ten or fifteen 
quills. Evidently he had made a dinner 
of a porcupine and had swallowed some of 
the quills with the meat, but while he 



16 



Bulletin of the Michigan Ornithological Club. 



must have suffered a great deal of pain, 
he did not seem to be wasted at all, but 
was in good condition. I have had quite 
a number of specimens that had been eat- 
ing skunk (Mephitis mephitica), and from 
my experience I should judge that it is a 
common food of this owl. The last one I 
stuffed had in its stomach, part of an 
American Herring Gull, Larus argentatus 
smithsonianus. It was collected on Peche 
Island, Lake Erie, last December. 

I well remember once being outwitted 
by a Great Horned Owl, while living in 
Uniontown, Penn. It was in March, 
1871, a friend and I were out collecting, 
but as there was a high wind and it was 
very cold, we had poor success. We were 
on our way home and were going through 
a piece of woods when our dog, which was 
running ahead of us, stopped and began 
smelling around what looked like a bundle 
of dirtv cotton-batton, about the size of 
one's fist. I ran up and was surprised to 
see a young owl a few days old — a bunch 
of grayish yellow down with two great 
yellow eyes, and two sets of very formida- 
ble looking claws sticking out ready to 
seize any object that came near. How- 
ever, as the poor, wee owlet was almost 
perished with the cold, I took it up and 
placed it inside my vest, and then began 
looking around for the nest. . I soon dis- 
covered the ear-tufts and great yellow 
eyes of the mother, watching my every 
movement from between two limbs of a 
tree near by, and raising my gun I fired, 
but instead of Mrs. Bubo falling down, she 
flew up. And after chasing her for half 
an hour, I gave her up. We went back 
to the nest and both saw and heard at least 
one other owlet, but as the wind was high 
and climbing dangerous, we decided to 
wait till Monday — this was on Saturday — 
and come out and get the contents of the 
nest and the old bird, if we could. On 
Monday, bright and early, we were at the 
nest and approached it very cautiously, so 
as to get a good shot at the old bird. At 
last I got within range and seeing Mrs. 
Bubo, as I supposed, I fired. Not a 
feather moved. I well remember the 
thrill of delight I felt as I dropped my 
gun and started to climb. It was one of 
the hardest climbs I ever had, bat there 
at the other end was a Great Horned Owl 
and her babies, and were they not worth 
the exertion and the danger? So up I 



went and you can imagine how I felt when 
I looked into an empty nest. Mrs. Bubo 
knew her babies were in danger and had 
conveyed them to a place of safety, and 
we were outwitted by an owl. 
Windsor, Ontario. 



Mr. Gottlieb Bessmer of Hastings, was in Grand 
Rapids, May 19. 

Messrs. Miles, Selous, Walker, and Barrows of the 
Club, read papers before the Michigan Academy of 
Science at Ann Arbor. 

Mr. L. Whitney Watkins of Manchester, has been 
appointed a Deputy State Warden, by State Game 
and Fish Warden Osborn. 

Miss Frances Margaret Fox, the author of the 
popular bird stories for children, has joined the M. 
O. C. , and will aid us, in her graceful writings, to 
create and cultivate, among the thoughtless people 
of Michigan, a sentiment for the encouragement and 
protection of our birds. 

"The Cooper Ornithological Club of California, 
sends greeting to the Michigan Club and wishes it 
every success. C. BARLOW, Secretary. ' ' 

Mr. E. Van Winkle of Vanz Harbor, Mich., is 
located temporarily (next 3 months) at Peoria, 111. 

Mr. B. H. Swales, who has been ill at his home in 
Detroit for several weeks, has returned once more to 
the University of Michigan. 

Prof. A. J. Cook writes from California : "I have 
just received a Condor measuring 9-4." 

Mr. J. E. Dickinson, Rockford, 111., secretary of 
the Wilson Ornithological Chapter of the A. A., has 
joined our Club. He is making a special study of 
the Mniotiltidse, and any who have notes upon 
species of this family of warblers should tender him 
their aid. 

The Editor-in-chief called upon Messrs. Friedrich, 
Primrose, and Mills, of the Club, at Brooklyn, 
Tecumseh and Adrian, during the latter part of 
March. 

Profs. Walter B. Barrows, Dean C. Worcester and 
Mr. L. Whitney Watkins, were appointed a com- 
mittee of the Michigan Academy of Science, to look 
after means for the protection of the song birds in 
Michigan. 

Mr. Elmer W. Durfee has returned West. He 
went to Arizona this time and took with him a good 
gun and a copy of Coues' "Key." During his stay 
in New Mexico, he was handicapped by not having 
a good reference book and a gun, but now that he 
has them, we may expect some good results from 
his work. 

Mr. W. E. Snyder of Beaver Dam, Wisconsin, 
expects to spend a couple of months collecting in 
Southern Illinois. 

Mr. Lynn B. Gilmore, Blooming Valley, Penn., 
spends the summer in the oil fields of either Penn- 
sylvania or New York. Wherever he is, he will 
keep an eye on the birds. 



Bulletin of the Michigan Ornithological Club. 



17 



The Birds of Neebish Island, St. Mary's 
River, MiGh. 

BY MAJ. A. H. BOIES. 

THIS list of the birds of Neebish 
Island is the result of observations 
made by me during the spring, 
summer and fall of 1892-94, while in the 
employ of the U. S. Government as an in- 
spector on the St. Mary's River channel. 
I am under very great obligations to 
Assistant Engineer, Mr. Joseph Ripely, for 
favors shown me by very materially help- 
ing in the prosecution of this work, which 
otherwise could not have been carried out. 
There are, no 

dou 1 >t, many birds ^HHHHH^^HHi 
which I have not 
listed that fre- 
quent the island; 
but it has been 
my desire to be 
as accurate as 
possible, and I 
have therefore 
noted only those 
species actually 
observed by my- 
self, or given me 
from most relia- 
ble sources. 

Neebish Island 
is located in the 
St. Mary's River 
about sixteen 
miles below Sault 
Ste. Marie, and 
and is about nine 
miles in length, 
with a breadth of 
five miles at its widest point. It forms 
the southern boundary of Hay Lake, a 
part of whose water passes on the west 
side, and a part on the east ; and is called 
the "West Neebish," and "Middle 
Neebish," neebish being the Chippewa for 
rapids. 

The island is quite densely wooded with 
spruce and cedar, some pine, and occa- 
sional patches of maple and birch. There 
is considerable low, wet land in the 
southern part, covered with dense swamp- 
cedars, and along the borders are marshes 
of considerable extent where Snipe and 
water-fowl abound in great numbers in 
their season. 

This island, which lies on the northern 



boundary of the State of Michigan, as also 
of the United States, is but sparsely settled 
by squatters, half-breeds and Indians, who 
hunt and fish most of their time, getting 
out a few cedar posts and ties in the 
winter. They are, as a general thing, 
poorly clad, and make as poor a living. 

[The first number is the serial number, the 
second, that of the Nomenclature of the American 
Ornithologists' Union.] 

1-2. Oolymbus holbcellii (Beinh.). 
Red-necked Geebe. Observed about 
Mud Lake, on the east side of Neebish 
Island, in the summer of 1893. I did not 
discover any nests of this bird, nor see 

any young. 




2-3. C. auri- 
tus Linn. 
Horned Grebe. 
I saw a number 
of this species, 
both in Mud Lake 
and Monosco 
Bay, on the west 
side of the island. 
Neither nests nor 
young were 
found. 

3-6. Podilym- 
bus podiceps 
{Linn.). Pied- 
billed Grebe. 
Quite common in 
all the waters ad- 
jacent to Neebish 
Island. I have 
no doubt that it 
nests in this 
locality, as it was 
noted in all the 
summer months. 

4—7. Urinator imber (Gunn.). Loon. 
Common from spring till late in the fall in 
all waters adjacent to the Island. I found 
no nests nor young birds, but no doubt it 
breeds in this locality, as Mr. Howard 
Johnson reported that he had found eggs 
at the west end of the Island, which, from 
his description, I think I am safe in pro- 
nouncing those of this species. 

5-11. U. lumme (Gunn,). Red- 
throated Loon. This bird also is quite 
common in Mud Lake, Hay Lake and 
Monosco Bay, and appeared more plenti- 
ful than imber. No nests nor eggs were 
discovered. 
6-50. Rissa tridactyla (Linn.). 



18 



Bulletin of the Michigan Oknithological Club. 



Kittiwake. These birds were occasion- 
ally seen about Mud Lake in the fall of 
'93-'94. 

7-51a. Lams argentatus smithso- 
nianus Cones. American Herring Gull. 
Very common throughout the year. There 
are islands a few miles from Neebish, 
where this Gull breeds extensively. 

8-54. L. delawarensis Ord. Ring- 
billed Gull. One of the commonest of 
the Gulls. I have killed it on both our 
northern and southern boundary — from 
Michigan to Florida. It breeds quite ex- 
tensively on islands to the east of Neebish. 

9-58. L. atricilla Linn. Black- 
headed Gull. I observed a few of these 
birds in the spring of 1894, along the east- 
ern shore of the Island, but could not get 
a shot at them. They appeared to be 
more shy than any of the other species 
which frequent these waters. I should 
not, however, call them a rare bird in this 
section, nor are they common. 

10-60. L. Philadelphia (Ord). 
Bonaparte's Gull. Common ; breeds 
about the Island. I found perfectly fresh 
eggs in June, on a small island on the west 
side of Neebish. 

11-70. Sterna hirundo Linn. Com- 
mon Tern. Breeds quite plentifully in 
the vicinity of Neebish Island. I have 
found their nests, with fresh eggs, on 
Two-tree Island, Mud Lake and on Cres- 
cent Island on the west side of Neebish ; 
and I am told upon good authority that 
they breed at the west end of the Island. 
I have taken their eggs in June. 

12-120. Phalacrocorax dilophus 
(Sw. and Bich.). Double-crested Cor- 
morant. I saw but one bird of this 
species on the northern boundary of this 
state. September 26th I saw one flying 
by Sailor's Encampment late in the after- 
noon, and presume it stopped somewhere 
in Mud Lake. I think these birds can be 
called rare in this locality, as this was the 
only one I observed during my three 
seasons on the St. Mary's River. 

13-125. Pelecanus erythrorhynchus 
fhnel. American White Pelican. 
These birds may be considered rare in the 
vicinity of Neebish Island. I am reliably 
informed that one was killed near Detour, 
in the fall of 1894, and also one in Hay 
Lake, earlier in the same year. Both of 
these were mounted at Sault Ste. Marie, 
I believe. 



14-129. Merganser americanus 
(Cass.). American Merganser. Com- 
mon in all waters surrounding the Island ; 
breeds. 

15-130. M. serrator (Linn.). Red- 
breasted Merganser. More plentiful 
than the preceding species ; breeds quite 
commonly. 

16-131. Lophodytes cucullatus 
(Linn.). Hooded Merganser. Abund- 
ant in spring and fall, a few breeding 
about the Island. Often called "Wood 
Ducks" by the natives of Neebish. 

17-132. Anas boschas Linn. 
Mallard. Abundant ; breeds. 

18-133. A. obscura Gmel. Black 
Duck. Very common; breeds. 

19-139. A. carolinensis Gmel. 
Green-winged Teal. Common; breeds. 

20-140. A. discors Linn. Blue- 
winged Teal. Common; breeds. 

21-144. Aix sponsa (Linn). Wood 
Duck. People on the Island tell me that 
they have found their nests and young, 
often during the summer, but I saw 
neither. There were plenty in the fall, 
however. 

22-148. Ay thy a marila nearctica 
Stejn. American Scaup Duck. Very 
common during spring and fall migrations. 

23-150. A. collaris (Donov.). King- 
necked Duck. Not very common. I 
saw but a few at any time. 

24-151. Glaucionetta clangula am- 
ericana (Bonap.). American Golden- 
eye. Quite common in spring and fall; 
breeds about the Island. 

25-153. Oharitonetta albeola (Linn.). 
Buffle-head ; Butter-ball. Abundant 
in spring and fall. 

26-154. Clangula hyemalis (Linn.). 
Old Squaw. Only one specimen posi- 
tively identified, although I believe they 
frequent this locality during spring and 
fall migrations. 
27-166. Oidemia perspicillata (Linn.). 
Surf Duck. Not common. The first 
one that I secured w T as killed by Mr. Leon 
Bellair, of the Bay City House, at the 
"Soo." He killed this one about the 
middle of October, in West Neebish, I 
think, or possibly Mud Lake, and on 
October 16th I skinned and mounted it. 
I saw only three others, at different times. 

28-167. Erismatura rubida (Wils.). 
Ruddy Duck. Common during migra- 
tions. 



Bulletin of the Michigan Ornithological Club. 



19 



29-169a. Chen hyperborea nivalis 
(Forst.). Greater Snow Goose. Upon 
good authority, I place this species in the 
list as a frequenter of the waters of Hay 
Lake and Monosco Bay. 

30-172. Branta canadensis (Linn,). 
Canada Goose. Plenty of these birds 
were seen on Monosco Bay and Hay Lake, 
and I think they breed sparingly in that 
locality, as I saw old birds in mid-summer 
on Hay Lake. 

31-180. Olor columbianus (Orel). 
Whistling Swan. Occasional in the 
spring and fall. 

32-181. O. buccinator (Rich.). 
Trumpeter Swan. More rare than colum- 
bianus, but occasional in spring and fall. 

33-190. Botaurus lentiginosus 
(Montag.). American Bittern. Com- 
mon throughout the Island. I found their 
nests in the long grass on the east side of 
the Island, near Winter Point Light 
House, about the middle of June, and up 
to the first of July I also saw plenty of 
these birds, both old and young, along 
Two- tree Creek, east side of Mud Lake. 

34-194. Ardea herodias Linn. 
Great Blue Heron. Common in this 
vicinity, and although I did not see the 
nests, I have no doubt that they breed 
upon many of the small islands and the 
mainland. 

35-201. A. virescens Linn. Green 
Heron. I did not observe any of these 
birds on the Island, but in the summer of 
1892 I saw one on one of the little islands 
in Little Rapids, at the head of Hay Lake. 
I think I can safely say that it frequents 
Neebish Island, although I do not call it a 
common bird by any means — should 
rather class it as a rare one. 

36-202. Nycticorax nycticorax 
naevius (Bodd.). Black-crowned 

Night Heron. This bird is reported as 
breeding on islands in the St. Mary's 
River, but I did not see one during my 
three seasons at the Island. It is reason- 
able to suppose, however, that the bird 
frequents Neebish Island if it be true that 
it v breeds anywhere near the St. Mary's 
River. 

37-206. G-rus mexicana (Mull.). 
Sandhill Crane. Noted but two of 
these birds during my stay on the Island. 
They do not breed there, and are not 
common. 



38-212. Rallus virginianus Linn. 
Virginia Rail. I saw a few of these 
birds on one of the small keys, or shoals, 
on the south-west side of Neebish Island 
during the summer of 1893, and presume 
they breed in the vicinity. 

39-214. Porzana Carolina (Linn.). 
Sora. A few of these birds breed about 
the marshy shores of the Island. I record 
one that I killed as late as the 9th of 
November, 1893. 

40-228. Philohela minor (Gmd.). 
American Woodcock. A party of w 'Soo" 
sportsmen came down to the Island in 
October, 1894, with the pleasure boat 
"Gladys." Among the party was Mr. 
Leon Bellair, Sheriff Hursley, and one or 
two others whose names I cannot recall, 
but who were familiar sportsmen, as well 
as great cribbage players. They stopped 
a few hours at the Island, while I made 
some photographs of the boat and game, 
which they had strung up in the rigging. 
One of the party toid me that he saw a 
couple of Woodcock on the mainland op- 
posite the Island, and carefully question- 
ing him about the birds, I was satisfied 
that from his knowledge of the habits of 
the Woodcock, and his reputation as a 
sportsman that they were undoubtably 
Woodcock ; and although I did not see 
one, nor even signs of one, in the most 
favorable places, I feel justified in placing 
them in the list of birds that visit the 
Island. 

41-230. Gallinago delicata (Ord). 
Wilson's Snipe. This is not the Jack 
Snipe, although it is commonly called so. 
There is a very great difference in the two 
birds, the Wilson's Snipe has the long 
bill, while the Jack, or Grass Snipe has a 
shorter bill, and is in every way an in- 
ferior bird. The Wilson's Snipe are very 
plentiful in the fall, and get exceedingly 
fat and well flavored. I have had most 
excellent shooting of these birds as late as 
November, on the east and south sides of 
the Island. 

42-332. Macrorhamphus scolopa- 
ceus (Say). Red-breasted Snipe. A 
few were observed in the spring, on the 
shores on the west side of the Island. No 
young nor nests were seen. 

43-239. Tringa maculata Vieill. 
Pectoral Sandpiper ; Jack Snipe. 
Abundant along the shore in spring 
and fall, usually in flocks of from a half- 



20 



Bulletin of the Michigan Ornithological Club. 



dozen to thirty or forty. They become 
very fat in the fall, often feeding on the 
same grounds with the Wilson's Snipe. 
They are excellent eating when well 
cooked. 

44-242. T. minutilla Vieill. Least 
Sandpiper. Common in spring and fall. 

45-243a. T. alpina pacifica (Cones). 
Red-backed Sandpiper. Frequently seen 
on the south and east shores of the Island 
in the fall. 

46-248. Calidris arenaria (Linn.). 
Sanderling. Observed on the east shore 
of the Island in the spring of 1893. 

4Y-254. Totanus melanoleucus 
(Gmel.). Greater Yellow-legs. Com- 
mon in spring and fall. 

48-255. T. flavipes {Gmel.). Yellow- 
legs. Also common in spring and fall. 
Found in the same localities as the larger 
species. 

49-263. Actitis macularia (Linn.). 
Spotted Sandpiper. Very common ; 
breeds. I found a number of nests on 
Crescent Key, and also on Two-tree Island 
and Mud Lake. 



50-272. Charadrius dominicus 
American Golden Plover. Quite com- 
mon in pairs or small flocks, in spring and 
fall. An excellent table bird. 

51-273. jSUgialitis vocifera (Linn.). 
Killdeer. A common bird along the 
shores and inland ; breeds. 

52-274. M. semipalmata Bona/p. 
Semipalmated Plover. A much smaller 
species. Two or three are usually seen 
together ; never very common. 

53-283. Arenaria interpres (Linn,). 
Turnstone. I killed a number of these 
birds in the fall of 1894, on the eastern 
shore of the Island ; also saw them quite 
plentiful on Crescent Key, on the west 
side. I found them very agreeable eating, 
as they were very fat. 

54-298. Dendragapus canadensis 
{Linn.). Canada Grouse. The first of 
these birds that I secured was in October, 
1894, which 1 shot near the interior of the 
Island. It was a male in excellent 
plumage. I mounted it in good form, and 
it is now one of my finest specimens. 
There are a few on the Island, but I do 
not call them common by any means. On 
the mainland on both sides of the St. 
Mary's River they are reported as very 
common, and many of them are annually 
killed for the market. 



55-300. Bonasa umbellus (Linn.). 
Ruffed Grouse. Very common through- 
out the Island. 

56-315. Ectopistes migratorms 
(Linn.). Wild Pigeon. Engineer Balch, 
of the U. S. Survey, repartee! to me that 
he saw one on the mainland opposite the 
Island, in October, 1894. 

57-316. Zenaidura macroura(Z^Vm.). 
Mourning Dove. Occasionally seen in 
the summer. No nests were found, but I 
presume it breeds sparingly. 

[to be continued.] 



Mr. Norman A. Wood records the capture of a 
Swainson's Hawk {Buteo Szvainsonis) by himself, in 
Chebovgan Co., Mich., in Oct. 1883.— "The Auk," 
April, 1897. 

Mr. James B. Purdy of Plymouth, Mich., also 
gives, in April, "The Auk," a very interesting 
account of the taking of a nest of Henslow's Bunting 
[Ammodramus benslozvi) on July 27, 1893. The bird 
was secured to make certain the identification, and 
presented to the United States National Museum 
(accession No. 30409). 

Mr. Gerard Abbott of Hillsdale, has an interesting 
note on the Least Bittern in "The Nidologist" for 
April. 

To Good To Keep. 

Brother Members, 

I have something which is too good to keep, to tell 
you, (that is if our Editor-in-Chief, does not get hold 
of it.) The fact is that our Editor-in-Chief, drove 
to my home for the express purpose of robbing a 
Great Horned OwPs nest which I had previously 
located, and as he arrived rather late in the afternoon 
we made all possible haste for the forest, and before 
getting to our tree had to wade or jump, or both, 
several swampy streams and pools. Coupled with 
this there were ominous flashes of lightning and heavy 
peals of thunder and it began to rain, all of which 
rather unnerved our Chief. We arrived at the tree, 
which was three feet through and forty feet to a limb, 
and as (we all knew) defeat would break his heart, 
he at once began the climb, but as I said, his grit 
was oozing — Mrs. Owl was surely trembling in her 
claws. He kept going up until he was about fifteen 
feet from the ground, when casting one eye to the 
threatening west, 'mid the gathering gloom and 
rushing water, grit, grip and all were gone and he 
dropped. The shock must have been great. He did 
not say anything, nor I either, but I guess he does 
not like bark very well, as he was spitting out great 
chunks of it which he had bitten out in coming 
down. Those Owl's eggs are still in a state of incu- 
bation and Mrs. Owl is trembling no more. 

GEO. J. FRIEDEICH. 

Hazel Valley Farm, Brooklyn. 

What a calamity it is to be in charge of a paper 
which belongs to its patrons and not to its editor. 
BUT — No one twitted me on that occasion of being 
"up a stump.'' — Ed. 



Bulletin of the Michigan Oknithological Club. 



21 



BULLETIN 

OF THE 

/IDicbtgan ©rnitboloaical Club* 

Published Quarterly. 

L. WHITNEY WATKINS, Manchester, Mich., 
Editor-in-Chief. 

Associates : 
W. A. Davidson, 383 Morrell St., Detroit, Mich. 

T. L. Hankinson, Agricultural College, Mich. 
Norman A. Wood, Ann Arbor, Mich. 



Managing Editors, 



W. EARLE MULLIKEN, ] 
LEON J. COLE, j 

191 First Ave., Grand Rapids, Mich. 



Subscription: In North America, fifty cents a year, strictly 
in advance. Single copies, fifteen cents. 

Foreign Subscription : Seventy-five cents a year to all 
countries in the Universal Postal Union. 

Free to Honorary Members, and to. Active and Associate 
Members of the Club not in arrears for dues. 

Advertising rates sent on application to Managing Editors. 



Entered at Grand Kapids, Michigan, as second class matter. 

Exchanges and books for review should be sent to the 
Editor-in-chief. 

Articles for publication should be sent to one of the editors. 

All advertisements, subcriptions, or business communica- 
tions should be sent to the Managing Editors. 

Author's separates can be furnished at a very reasonable rate 
if application is made when the article is sent. 

We are pleased to present to you the second issue 
of our official publication in behalf of the birds, with 
hearty springtime greetings in whistle, song and 
chirrup from the birds themselves. We greet 
through them their friends, for such are also ours. 



From the universial encouragement and letters of 
praise from scores of our members for Bulletin No 1, 
we are led to believe that our efforts in behalf of this 
publication have not been entirely in vain and the 
many annoyances and difficulties, born of inexpe- 
rience and caused by a scattered editorial board, are 
cheerfully met in our determination to make this ven- 
ture of the Michigan Ornithological Club a success. 



The Michigan Academy of Science held its third 
annual meeting in Ann Arbor on March 31st, April 
1st and 2nd. This enthusiastic association of workers 
is doing active work in nearly all the departments 
of scientific research and has undertaken a biological 
survey of the State. In this work every member of 
the Michigan Ornithological Club should give all 
possible aid, and we would advise that as many of 
our members as possible become members of the 



Section of Zoology. Prof. Barrows is secretary of the 
Academy; enquire of him. Many of our best workers 
are now members. 



Did you ever chance to notice that it is not the 
farmer, who is most concerned, who makes the mo 
tion, at the annual town-meeting, to have the 
bounty of fifteen or twenty-five cents placed upon 
the heads of hawks and owls? Nine times out of ten 
it is the village loafer and pot hunter or some shift- 
less, worthless individual who is the author of this 
motion, carried by this same class, and the farmers 
who do not care because — they do not know better. 

And their good friends among the birds of prey 
suffer at their expense and to their loss. It is doubt- 
ful if we have a native bird of any species, which 
we could not afford to keep even if wardens had to 
be paid to protect it. 



We are pleased to present to our readers, in this 
issue, a cut of Dr. Elliot Coues of Washington, D. C. 

Dr. Coues is kown to all through the invaluable 
teachings, which serve as an inspiration to beginners, 
in his Key to North American birds. We are pleased 
also to note that he has associated himself with 
the editor of "The Osprey" in the publication of one 
of the prettiest and most practical ornithological 
journals which America has yet seen. It has de- 
served success. 



Two very amusing opinions have come to our no- 
tice since last going to press. 1st. That the Michigan 
Ornithological Club was organized to run out the 
Michigan Academy of Science — this from a man of 
science. 2nd. From a brother editor who says he can- 
not possible see how the Michigan Ornithological 
Club can get money enough to publish a paper. 

The first statement is too amazingly absurd and 
childish to call for any further notice or space from us. 

In answer to the second: It is, Mr. Editor, a case 
of we publish our paper with our own money and we are 
in no way engaged in a financial venture. The Bul- 
letin of the Michigan Ornithological Club wishes the 
editor in question all success. 



"The Story of the Farallones", by C. Barlow and 
H. R. Taylor, is out aud is replete with illustrations 
of that rocky breeding place of thousands of sea birds. 

It is published by "The Nidologist", and is for 
sale by them at fifty cents. 



"Birds", the new publication of Chicago, is now 
added to our exchange list and will be gladly wel- 
comed by our members with the many others in our 
Club Library. It is beautiful with its colored pict- 
ures of our native birds, and will serve as an able 



22 



Bulletin of the Michigan Oenithological Club. 



missionary in its field of awakening a love for the 
study of birds among the youth and children, and 
among others as well. "We wish it all success. 

Published by the Nature Publishing Company, 
277 Dearborn St., Chicago, 111. 



Chief Simon Pokagon, honorary member of our 
Club and a life-long student of birds, sends, "To 
the Michigan Ornithological Club", through this issue 
of our official medium, an article accompanied by a 
picture of the "Grand Old Man" of his race. You 
will read it with pleasure, and may its pathetic teach- 
ing enlist you one and all in the lovable cause if pro- 
tecting our native birds of wood and field from death. 
We trust it will. 

This eloguent leader of the Pokagon band of Potta- 
watamie Indians has written and had published upon 
birch bark, the paper of the wild woods, his life-time's 
wonted home, a dainty booklet, "The Eed Man's 
Greeting." This, by the way, can be obtained by 
sending only 50 cents to C. H. Engle, Hartford, 
Mich. Every member of the Club and all our rea- 
ders should have this gem of wild, rough imagery. 



Mr. Wm. Dutcher, treasurer of the A. O. U. and 
chairman of its committee on bird protection, writes 
gratefully of our stand taken in the good work. 

Now that the birds are here again let us use our 
influence to that end, and personlly see what we can 
accomplish among the thoughtless destoyers near our 
own homes. 



The Michigan Pioneer and Historical Society, 
through its secretary, Geo. H. Greene of Lansing, 
has very courteously offered its rooms in the State 
Capitol to the Michigan Ornithological Club for its 
next annual meetiug, to be held in Lansing, probably 
on December 3, 1897. 



The American Association for the Advancement of 
Science is coming to Michigan this year, and all 
members of the Club should make their plans to 
attend. It will hold its next annual meeting in 
Detroit, on August 9 — 15, 1897. 



Professor F. W. Putman, of Harvard University, 
General Secretary of the A. A. A. S., lectured under 
the auspices of the Detroit Archaeological Society, on 
April 8th, on American Archaeology. 



The Nidologist notices the Bulletin of the M. O. 
C. very kindly in issue of March. 



Bulletin No. 1 of the Oologists' Association, under 
date of March 15th, is at hand. It contains lists of 
officers and members, also constitution. 



From the date of the publication of this Bulletin 
subscriptions cannot begin with Volumn I Number 1 
unless ten cents is added to the regular subscription 
price. The edition of this number is nearly exhausted, 
but as long as they last the price will be twenty-five 
cents each. We wish to state that but few extra 
copies of our Bulletin are printed and persons wish- 
ing complete files will do well to subscribe at once. 



The Treasurer informs us that there are quite a 
few unpaid dues. We would urge that these be 
paid as soon as possible, as the money is needed for 
enlarging the paper. The Treasurer's address is : 
Mrs. F. A. Kelsey, 140 Woodward Ave., Detroit, 
Michigan. 



Field Meeting 

at GRAND RAPIDS, 
JULY 8 and 9. 

A field meeting of the Michigan Ornithological 
Club will be held at Grand Eapids, Michigan, on 
July 8 and 9. 

The afternoons and evenings will be devoted to 
the reading of papers, and Friday forenoon will be 
spent in the field. 

Interesting programs are being prepared, and it is 
the desire of the Club to have every Michigan 
ornithologist (and every ornithologist outside of 
Michigan who can come) present. 

All persons notifying any of the committee men- 
tioned below, before July 4th, of his intention of 
being present, will be furnished entertainment by 
the Grand Eapids members. 

It is also the wish of the Club to have as many 
participate in the program, as possible, and all per- 
sons intending to do so should send the name of the 
paper, the time it will occupy, and the time they 
wish to read it (if they have a preference), to the 
committee as early as possible, and not later than 
June 18th. Copies of the programme will be 
mailed about June 20. 

MOEEIS GIBBS, 
MES. F. A. KELSEY, 
L. J. COLE, 
B. R. LORAWAY, 
W.'E. MULLIKEN, 
Address, 191 First Ave., Committee. 

or 27 Lake St., 

Grand Rapids, Mich. 



In accordance with the rule governing the distribu- 
tion of this Bulletin, after this issue the paper will 
be sent only to members not in arrears for dues. 



Bulletin of the Michigan Ornithological Club. 



23 




Brunnick's Murre, Uria I omtia (Linn.)- 

Picked up in a d3'in°; condition on Flat River, near Green- 
ville, Michigan, by Mr. Percy Selous. 
See Auk, Vol. XII, No. 4, page 337. 
Photo from mounted specimen by T. L. Hankinson. 



GENERAL NOTES. 

Editor of Bulletin : 

Dear Sir: — Allow me to add another in- 
stance of the capture of Uria troile to the 
one given in your January issue. This 
one is still more remarkable for the reason 
that it occurred on Lake Erie. 

December 18, 1896, a Murre, Uria troile, 
was taken on Lake Erie, several miles out 
from Mentor. Two were seen, but only 
one taken. The specimen is in the pos- 
session of Mr. Henry F. Lapham, Paines- 
ville, Ohio. Does anyone know of another 
instance of this bird being observed on 
Lake Erie ? J. M. Keck. 

Mentor, O., March 3, 1897. 

The above specimen has been purchased by 
Oberlin College Museum, and found by Lynds Jones, 
curator, to be an immature specimen of Uria lomvia, 
Brunnick's Murre. (See Bulletin No. 13, Wilson 
Ornithological Chapter, Agassiz Association.) 



Uria lomvia Again. 

In a letter received from Mr. A. Kay, 
Port Sydney, Muskoka, Ontario, he 
reports collecting, Dec. 18, 1896, a speci- 
men of Uria lomvia, in a dying condition, 



the only one he has ever seen in that part 
of the country, where he has collected for 
twelve or fifteen vears. I secured one 
that was shot in the Detroit river, just 
below Detroit, on Dec. 19, 1896. I also 
know of another one being shot on the 
same date about eight miles below Detroit, 
which is now in the possession of a French- 
man who lives near where it was shot. 
The Detroit river specimens are probably 
part of the flock observed near Gibralter, 
Mich., and reported in the Bulletin of 
January. I cannot account for the Port 
Sydney specimen, as there are no large 
lakes or rivers near there. 

Have any others been observed ? 

It would be interesting to trace these 
rare visitors, if we could. 

W. P. Melville. 

Windsor, Out. 

P. S. I do not notice any change in the 
numbers of the English Sparrow, P. 
domesticatus, in this locality, in the 
five vears I have been here. — M. 



I write to have you make a correction 
in your April Bulletin. The name of the 
gentleman who sent the bird is Mr. John 
Bortle of River Rouge, and the bird is 
Uria lomvia instead of U. troile. I had 
no others to compare it with, and really, 
the only difference is a slight one in regard 
to length of bill. 

We have finished cataloguing the birds 
in the Museum and find we have 3,675 
skins, 1,525 mounted birds, or a total of 
5,200. Our next work is to label and 
catalogue the mammals. 

Norm am A. Wood. 

University of Michigan Museum. 



January 9, 1897, Messrs. Cole, Durfee, 
and n^self took a Song Sparrow at Grand 
Rapids. It was in a flock of Tree Spar- 
rows and apparently in good health. 
Rather unusual. 

W. Earle Mulliken. 

I took a Song Sparrow on Jan. 17, 1894, 
at the outlet from Watkins Lake. It was 
hiding among the rushes — was very fat 
and exceeding shy. — L. W. W. 



The American Goshawk in 
Jackson Co. 

Mr. Harvey H. Raby of Norvell, killed 
a fine adult specimen of the Am. Goshawk, 



24 



Bulletin of the Michigan Ornithological Club. 



Accipiter atricapillxis, in January of this 
year. It had boldly attacked a fowl in his 
farm-yard and was easily secured. The 
bird was mounted by E. G. Kief of Man- 
chester, and has lately been delivered to 
the lucky owner. 

This species is a very rare straggler 
with us and is always a good find. 

L. Whitney Watkins. 

Manchester, Mich. 



The Birds in Cold Weather, 

Bluebirds and Robins stayed here all 
winter. Even during the most severe 
cold spell. So they did in the winter of 
1894-95. Not a day passed but that I saw 
one or two Bluebirds. On the coldest day 
of this year, Jan. 26th, while coming back 
from a funeral, some 24 miles from here, 
I saw at 4 P. M., in a cold of 15° below 
zero, a Mourning Dove (Zenaidura mac- 
ro lira) on a large elm, apparently in very 
good humor. 

Is the English Sparrow Becoming 
Less Common? 

The English Sparrow is decidedly de- 
creasing in numbers in this vicinity. 
People around here have declared Avar 
against them. I, alone, killed 117 nest- 
lings, 12 ? ad., 26 $ ad., and destined 
47 eggs during the year 1896. This may 
have helped a little. The consequences 
can be seen this pear, viz., there are more 
Bluebirds, Wrens, and Chipping Sparrows 
around the dwellings than ever. 

W. F. Henninger. 

South Webster, O. 



Large Sets of Red-Shouldered Hawk. 

While records of five eggs to a clutch 
are unusual in Buteo lineatus, I have 
another record of five, taken Apr. 25, by 
E. Schrage, while he and I were collecting 
at Birmingham. He informed me that he 
had taken one set previous to this. 

I have made careful research and have 
concluded that the ZTria recorded in Vol. 
I, No. 1. of M. O. C. Bulletin is U. 
/omnia. The curvature in the lower 
mandible shows this conclusively. 

W. A. Davidson. 

Detroit, Mich. 

[R. R. Newton took a set of five of the 
Red-shouldered Hawk at Grand Rapids, 
April 14, this spring.] 



Nesting of Turkey Vulture. 

Several years ago two "strange 1 ' young 
birds were found beside a log in a piece of 
timber near the Village of Britton, 
Lenawee Co. They were brought into 
town and taken to the Exelby Hotel and 
cared for. One of them did not thrive 
under the treatment, and soon after died. 
But the other one took kindly to the food 
furnished and developed into a large male 
Turkey Vulture. He was a resident of 
the village for about two years, and I 
think was killed by a dog. This bird is 
not a common breeder in Michigan or I 
would not have brought this to mention. 

M. B. Mills. 

Adrian, Mich. 



A Belated Meadow Lark. 

November 15th, 1896, I saw the last 
Sturnella magna in an open grove in the 
Fair Grounds. It was a plump, healthy 
individual, and rather tame. 

January 21th, 1897, while going through 
the woods in the same locality, a Meadow 
Lark flew out from under the snow and 
attempted to alight in a small oak near at 
hand. Evidently unable to use its feet, 
it fluttered through the twigs to the 
ground. On my starting towards it, it 
again flew up and made the same attempt, 
finally disappearing among the trees. It 
was very weak and its feet were helpless, 
probably being frozen. The thermometer 
was fifteen degrees below zero, and it had 
crept into the snow in order to escape the 
biting cold. The wind was blowing a gale 
from the west and had drifted the snow 
badly. 

Could this have been the bird 1 noticed 
in November ? 

Don't the Meadow Lark ever winter in 
this vicinity from choice ? It is the first 
occurrence I have ever noticed. 

Geo. H. Walker. 
Belvidere, 111. 

[A Meadow Lark was seen during Janu- 
ary and February, 1893, and probably 
wintered here. The last one for 1896 was 
observed on December 16th. 

These records are for Nor veil, Jackson 
Co., Mich.— Ed.] 



Bulletin of the Michigan Ornithological Club. 



25 



Notes on Prairie Horned Lark. 

On March 13, '96, an egg of the Prairie 
Horned Lark was brought to me, it having 
been found in the snow with the bird sitting 
upon it. This was so out of order that I 
went to the field and saw for myself the 
place where it had been found, which was 
a slight depression in the snow. 

I account for it in this way: This pair 
of Larks had taken advantage of the warm 
weather which we had been having and 
had built a home behind a sod for shelter. 
On the 11th and 12th a light snow fell, 
covering everything. The old bird was 
driven from her nest which soon filled 
with snow, and when the storm subsided 
she was compelled to make a nest in the 
snow. When warm weather came again, 
the first nest was found with two broken 
eggs. 

This bird has been very abundant here 
this spring. Numerous flocks of from 50 
to 60 were seen between Feb. 24th and 
Mar. 1st. I do not remember of ever see- 
ing a flock this large before. 

D. J. Lewis. 

Ganges, Mich., Mar. 24, 1897. 

The Evening Grosbeak Again. 

Yesterday, March 21st, there was quite 
a large flock of Evening Grosbeaks, in 
company with many Pine Grosbeaks in 
the trees near my home. They are the 
first I have seen in five years. 

March 24th. I shot two fine specimens 
of the Eveniug Grosbeak this morning, 
and another $ in fine plumage was 
brought me. I do not know whether this 
is of sufficient importance for you to notice. 
These birds have been around since Sun- 
day (21st) as well as some Pine Grosbeaks. 

Pekcy Selous. 

Greenville, Mich. 



RECORD OF MEETINGS. 

Mar. 12, 1897. In the absence of the 
President, Mr. Mulliken was appointed 
chairman. After the reports of the 
Treasurer and Librarian, names were pro- 
posed for membership and elected (See 
list below). The Migration Committee 
reported that it had extended its work into 
the states immediately surrounding Mich- 
igan. The following rule was presented 
by the Librarian, and accepted by the 
Club: 



Library Rules, Section 7a. Books may 
be retained by editors of the Bulletin of 
the Michigan Ornithological Club for 
three months, not subject to renewal. 

Resolutions on the death of Maj. Charles 
E. Bendire, drawn up by Mr. J. B. Purdy, 
and read by the Secretary, were accepted 
by the Club. Dr. Morris Gibbs, Mrs. E. 
O. Kelsey and B. R. Laraway were ap- 
pointed a committee to look up the advis- 
ability of holding a Field Meeting this 
summer. 

April 16, 1897. Meeting called to order 
by the President. The Librarian reported 
the receipt of Bulletin No. 13 of the Wils. 
Ornith. Chap., A. A., and Vol. I, No. 2, 
"Current Thoughts. " This was followed 
by the election of new members. The 
Collection Committee reported the follow- 
ing: From Mr. Percy Selous, Greenville, 1 
9 Great Horned Owl, 1 $ and 1 9 Evening 
Grosbeak, and 1 $ Pine Grosbeak — all 
mounted. From Mr. Chas. L. Cass, 
Hillsdale, 1 set of 2, and 7 singles of 
Caspian Tern. It was moved "that a 
Field Meeting be held in Grand Rapids on 
Thursday and Friday, June 10 and 11, and 
that the same committee be continued, 
with two additional members from Grand 
Rapids, to plan and manage the meeting, 
and to provide for the entertainment of 
visiting members." The motion was 
carried, and W. E. Mulliken and L. J. 
Cole were appointed to act on the com- 
mittee. The following papers were then 
read and discussed: The first, "To the 
Michigan Ornithological Club," by Chief 
Simon Pokagon, was read by Mr. Cole ; 
the second was entitled, "Protective 
Coloration of Birds' Eggs," and was read 
by the author, Mr. B. R. Laraway ; and 
the last, "Bitterns," was by Mr. Claude 
H. Barlow, of Greenville. 

May 3. 1897. Special meeting, called 
by President. The words "June 10 and 
11" in the motion to provide for a Field 
Meeting, were changed to "July 8 and 9." 
After the election of two new members, 
some "notes on the family Mniotiltidas in 
Monroe County, Mich.," kindly loaned by 
Dr. Gibbs, were read and discussed. 

May 14, 1897. After the reading of the 
minutes and the various reports, the 
Librarian reported the following: 

Received from the Michigan Board of 
Agriculture, Reports for the years '57, '65, 
'66, '68-'72, '78-'92, and '95. From the 



26 



Bulletin of the Michigan Ornithological Club. 



publishers, "Gameland" for May, '97, and 
the "Story of the -Farallones* " 

It was proposed as an amendment to the 
Constitution that the word "May" in Art. 
VIII, Sec. 1, be changed to "August." 
(All active members wishing to vote on 
this amendment should send their proxy 
to the Secretary before June 11.) 

Mr. Newton read an article entitled, 
"Notes on Some of Our Swamp Birds." 
He spoke especially of Red-winged Black- 
birds, Long- billed Marsh Wrens, Yellow 
Warblers, and American and Least 
Bitterns. 



List of Members 

Elected since the publishing of Bulletin No. 1. 

ACTIVE. Date of Election. 

Eddy, N. A., Bay City Mar. 12. 

Fox, Miss Frances Margaret, Bay City. .... .May 3. 

Harris, John W., Ann Arbor Apr. 16. 

Morrill, W. P., Ann Arbor Apr. 16. 

Oldfield, W. A., Port Sanilac. Mar. 12. 

Trombley, Jerome, Petersburg Apr. 16. 

Van Winkle, Edmund, Peoria, 111 Mar. 12. 

ASSOCIATE. 

Abbott, Gerard, Hillsdale Apr. 16. 

Bailey, Dr. G. H, Hillsdale Mar. 12. 

Dickenson, J. E., Kockford, 111. Apr. 16. 

Gow, Alexander, Windsor, Ont. Mar. 12. 

Groh, Miss Amber, Trenton .May 14. 

Henninger, Rev. W. F. , South Webster, O. . Mar. 12. 

Higgins, Miss Clara A., Detroit Mar. 12. 

Johnson, Walter A., Galesburg, 111 Mar. 12. 

Law, J. E., Madison, Wis Apr. 16. 

Lewis, Harry, Lansing Apr. 16. 

Longyear, B. O., Agricultural College Mar 12. 

Melville, W. P., Windsor, Ont Mar. 12. 

Oakley, D. W. J., Detroit Apr. 16. 

Peterson, Eryl S. , Brooklyn Mar. 12. 

Primrose, John H, Tecumseh . . . Apr. 16. 

Seely, D A., Agricultural College Mar. 12. 

Van Pelt, A. W. , Muskegon Mar. 12. 

Yorke, F. Henry, M. D., Foosland, 111 May 3. 

LEON J. COLE, Secretary. 



Chief Pokagon will have an article in the May 
Osprey, on the great flocks of Chimney Swifts seen 
by him many years ago, when a boy in the Michigan 
forests. 

Mr. Walter A. Johnson, Galesburg, 111., editor of 
The Osprey, writes, "I do not believe that the 
Bulletin of the Michigan Ornithological Club will 
hurt the financial side of 'The Osprey,' and I am sure 
it will help the ornithological side of 'The Osprey's 
editor.' " Mr. Johnson has joined the Club and 
offers to help us in anyway possible. 

Messrs. Osborn and Mills, of the migration com- 
mittee, met at the Michigan Club Banquet, in 
Detroit, and had a pleasant chat. 



Walter B. Barrows. 

We were favored in our first Bulletin, with an 
excellent half-tone of Walter B. Barrows, Professor 
of Zoology and Physiology in the Michigan Agricul- 
tural College, and also State Zoologist. Thinking it 
will be of interest, we will give a few facts regarding 
his life. 

Prof. Barrows was born at Grantville, Mass., on 
January 10th, 1855. He received his education at 
the public schools of Reading, Mass., and at the 
Massachusetts Institute of Technology. . From the 
latter place he graduated in 1876. Immediately 
after graduating he became assistant in Ward's 
Natural Science Establishment at Rochester, N. Y. 
In 1879 he sailed to Argentine Republic and became 
Assistant Professor of Chemistry and Physics at the 
the National College at Conception. During his 
second year's vacation, he served as Geologist on an 
exploring expedition to the Pampian Sierras. 

On returning to the United States, he at once 
became Instructor in Science at Westfield, Mass. 

This position he soon resigned to accept one as 
Instructor in Biology at the Wesleyan University 
Middletown, Conn. Here he remained until 1886. 
During 1885 and 1886, he also acted as Instructor in 
Botany at Trinity College, Hartford, Conn. Having 
been appointed Assistant Ornithologist of the U. S. 
Dep't. of Agriculture, he went to Washington in 
1886. He fulfilled the duties of this office for about 
eight years, when he resigned to accept his present 
position at the Michigan Agricultural College. 

Prof. Barrows' career as a scientist has been that 
of one of our best investigators. He has worked in 
many fields of science, but his great work has been 
in the lines of zoology and geology. The study of 
birds has always been his favorite pursuit. As early 
as 1876, he wrote an article regarding the classifica- 
tion of the Alcidae (Auk family). He published his 
Birds of the Lower Uruguay as a serial of four articles 
two of which appeared in the Bulletin of the Nuttal 
Ornithological Club, and the other two in the first 
issues of the Auk. He also wrote a hundred pages 
of theStandard Natural History, on the birds of prey. 

Perhaps he is best known by his work on the 
English Sparrow and by the one on the American 
Crozv. These appeared as bulletins of the Division 
of Ornithology and Mammology from the Department 
of Agriculture at Washington. Prof. Barrows is a 
member of many of our leading scientific associations. 
He is an active member of the American 
Ornithologists, Union, and has recently been elected 
to the Zoological Society of France. He was one of 
the original members of the Nuttal Ornithological 



Club. 



T. L. H. 



Bulletin of the Michigan Ornithological Club. 



27 



Migration Reports for 1896. 

Those whose reports were received during 1896 by 
the Committee on Bird Migration are : N. A. Wood, 
T. L. Hankinson, L. C. Read, Jr., H. F. Jones, C 
V. Hay, L. J. Cole, A. W. Van Pelt, Percy Selous, 
B. O. Longyear, L. B. Hunt, J. B. Purdy, C. M. 
Ayres, M. B. Mills, E. O. Kelsey, Morris Gibbs, W. 
J. Stoddard, A. H. Stockman, D. J. Douglass, Frank 
Allis, S. W. Harris, O. L. Ayres, Gottleib Bessmer, 
L. W. Watkins, W. E. Mulliken, Lynds Jones, G. 
H. Walker, H. V. Ogden, H. B. Haskell, W. P. 
Melville, R. J. Coryell, R. W. Hegner, W. E. 
Saunders, F. M. Comstock, J. B. Lewis, E. L. 
Mosely, J. C. Callaway, W. F. Henninger, J. M. 
Keck, G. W. Cunn, George Harbron, W. H. McNain, 
A. L. Treadwell, T. E. Haughey, E. F. Cranz. L. B. 
Gilmore, Thos. Mikesell, J. W. Suliot, A. W. 
Butler. Alexander Gow, G. A. MacCallum, G. R. 
Prescott, J. W. C. Johnson. 

While from the great number of schedule blanks 
sent out in behalf of this work this is not a very 
large list of reporters, there is very good excuse in 
the fact that the committee were very much hindered 
in getting schedules to the various reporters in time 
to admit of the best work. The work was a new one 
to most of our observers and many were not located 
at all by those in charge. We hope and trust that 
every one of those schedules will be returned next 
July, together with the great number sent out by the 
committee this year. If any are overlooked, kindly 
inform us at once and it will give us pleasure to 
rectify the oversight. 

A few interesting items, which will appear from 
time to time in this journal, may be of interest until 
a more comprehensive report can be made out. 

1st. The Bluebirds, which were exceedingly rare 
in the spring of '96, increased wonderfully during 
the summer of that year and departed in some num- 
bers. The probable cause of the great loss in their 
numbers, seemed to be thought, by the majority of 
ornithologists, to be from the extreme cold wave 
which penetrated even into Florida and to the Gulf 
of Mexico, destroying orange trees and various trop- 
ical plants where frost had scarcely, if ever, been 
known before. This caused, from starvation and 
exposure, the death of thousands upon thousands of 
individuals of our insectivorous species. Perhaps 
one reason why the Bluebirds suffered more than did 
the Swallows, etc. (which, by the way, were also 
greatly thinned in numbers) lay in the fact that the 
former care little for cold weather, if they can pro- 
cure food, and they carelessly allowed themselves 
to be caught with no southern line of warmth to 
which to escape in time for food, while, at the first 
approach of cold, the less hardy species "flew." 
Bluebirds, we are glad to report, are in goodly num- 
bers this spring. 

2nd. Henslow's Sparrow is by no means so rare a 
species as supposed, but is scattered in small colonies 
sparsely over at least the three lower tiers of counties 
in Michigan. Look for them in the wild, open 
marshes. 

3rd. The Black-throated Bunting is surely be- 
coming more and more common as this State 
approaches in surface conditions more nearly to their 
former prairie habitat and they are four counties 
up from the southern line of the State now, perhaps 
farther. Look out for them this season. 



4th. The Prairie Chickens and Wild Pigeons are 
still to be found in Michigan and are increasing in 
numbers, slowly 'tis true, but surely. Try to pro- 
tect them if the opportunity offers. 

5th. Robins, Meadowlarks, Red-headed Wood- 
peckers, Song Sparrows and Cardinal Grosbeaks 
were found in Michigan during the last winter — the 
three first all winter. What other species? 

6th. The Turkey Vulture is becoming more 
common each year in our State When do they 
come? Where do they stay? Do they breed? You 
probably are not sure that they do or do not nest 
near your station, except that you know that nests 
have been found in Lenawee and Allegan Counties. 
See if you can find one. It would be a splendid 
record. 

Just enter into this work as a Club and what 
interesting notes we will have at our annual meeting 
in Lansing next December! 

L WHITNEY WATKINS, Chairman. 
W. EARLE MULLIKEN, 
CHASE S. OSBORN, 
MARK B. MILLS. 
THOS. L. HANKINSON, 

Committee on Bird Migration, 

Michigan Ornithological Club. 



Dr. Wolcott has kindly remembered the Editor-in- 
Chief with a copy of "'Nebraska Birds," and Mr. 
Hankinson with a photograph of the specimen of 
Brunnick's Murre, which was presented to the 
Agricultural College by Mr. Percy Selous of Green- 
ville. 

Mr. Hankinson writes from the Agricultural 
College, "I spent Saturday (May 15) in Chandler's 
Marsh. I found two sets of Marsh Hawk, one of six 
and an incomplete set of three My best finds were 
a nest of the Coot and of the Prairie Chicken, each 
containing an egg. ' ' 

Dr. Gibbs sends us word that Mr. E. Arnold of 
Battle Creek, took 2-2 Bald Eagle this spring, one 
set being taken from a deaa tree. 

Messrs. Mulliken and Cole spent April 23-4 at 
Ottawa Beach. A male Belted Piping Plover was 
taken a short distance from where a female was se- 
cured last year. Has anyone another record of the 
occurrence of this sub-species in our State? 

Has anyone a record of the occurrence of Uria 
troile in the State? 

The Editor-in Chief spent a pleasant day with Mr. 
Hankinson at the Agricultural College recently. 

From W, E. Mulliken, Grand Rapids: 'When I 
found a Red-eyed Vireo's nest contain four Co wbird's 
eggs I thought I had reached the limit, but the other 
day I found a Towhee's nest containing nine eggs, 
two of their own and seven Cowbird's. " 

Have you any duplicate sets or skins you would 
like to donate to the Club collections? 

The "Birds of Colorado," by W. W. Cooke, comes 
to hand just as we go to press. It, in company with 
several other new books, will receive mention in 
our next issue. 



28 



Bulletin of the Michigan Ornithological Club. 




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Vol. 1. No. 3-4. 



JULY-DEC, 1897 



MICHIGAN 

ORNITHOLOGICAL 

CLUB 



BULLETIN 



OF THE 





~ S ^^T 



Published in the interests oi Ornithology in Michigan. 



a. 



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Grand Rapids, Michigan. 









•^•JSS-JSS'^- 



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GONTENTS. 

Ring Plover, Frontispiece. 

Birds of the Neebish Islands, Maj. A. H. Boies, . .27 

A Trip to Grassy Island, B. H. Swales, 30 

The American Herring Gull, E. Van "Winkle, 33 

The White-throated Sparrow, Morris Gibbs, 34 

Two Days of Marsh Collecting, Leon J. Cole, 36 

Recent Literature, 41 

Editorials 44 

General Notes, . . 45 

Greenville Notes. 

Towhee Wintering in Muskegon Co , Mich. 



Usefulness of Cedar Waxwing. 

Acadian Owl in Michigan. 

Notes from Wayne Co., Mich. 

An Albino Red-headed Woodpecker. 

Mallard and Red-tailed Hawk. 

A New Bird for Michigan. 

Nesting of the Water Thrush in Wayne Co., 
Mich. 

The Parasitic Jaeger in Michigan. 

Nesting of the Savannah Sparrow in Ingham 
Co , Mich. 

Albino Kingbird. 

List of Members, 48 




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ORNITHOLOGICAL 
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BULLETIN 



OF THE 



/IIMcbigan ©rnitbological Club. 



Vol. 1, No. 3-4. Grand Rapids, Mich., July-December. 1897. 50 cts. per year. 



The Birds of Neebish Island, St. Maru's 
River, Mich— Concluded. 

BY MAJ. A. H. BOIES. 

58-331. Circus hudsonius (Linn.). 
Marsh Hawk. Common; frequently seen 
sailing over the fields and marshes in search 
of mice, frogs, and snakes. 

59-332. Accipiter velox {Wils.). 
Sharp-shinned Hawk. One of the most 
common hawks on the Island; the smallest 
as well as the most daring. 

60-333. A. cooperi (Bonap.). Cooper's 
Hawk. A common species. 

61-334. A. atricapillus (Wils.). 
American Goshawk. But a single speci- 
men was seen. 

62-337. Buteo borealis (Gmel.). Red- 
tailed Hawk. A common bird. A line 
specimen, in the dark phase, was brought 
to me to be mounted, in October, 1894. 

63-342. B. swain soni _ Bo-nap. 
Swain son's Hawk. Not very common; 
a fine specimen was taken in October. 

64-343. B. latissimus (Wils.). Broad- 
winged Hawk. Quite common; proba- 
bly breeds. 

" 65-347a. Archibuteo lagopus sancti- 
johannis (Gmel.). American Rough- 
legged Hawk. I saw a few of these birds 
pass the Island on their southern migra- 
tion ; they nest farther north. 

66-352. • Haliaetus leucooephalus 
{Linn.). Bald Eagle. Frequently seen; 
doubtlessly breeding about the Island. 

67-357. Falco coluwtbarius Linn. 
Pigeon Haavk. Often observed and no 
doubt breeds. 

68-360. F. sparverius Linn. Ameri- 
can Sparrow Hawk. A common species; 
breeds. Some young, that were picked 
up on the Island,, were brought to me in 
the summer of 1893. 

. : : 69-364. Pandion haliaetus carolin- 
ensis {Gmel.). American Osprey. Com- 
mon; nests occasionally found. 



70-368. Symium nebulosum (Forst.). 
Barred Owl. A few of these birds were 
seen on the Island and they probably breed 
there. 

71-370. Scotiaptejc cinerea (Gmel.). 
Great Gray Owl. Occasionally seen on 
the Island; breeds in Arctic America. 

72-373. Megascops asio (Linn.). 
Screech Owl. Quite common; breeds. 

73-375. Bubo virginianus (Gmel.). 
Great Horned Owl. Common and 
breeds. Much darker than those of the 
southern part of the state, which is owing, 
no doubt, to their frequenting a more 
densely wooded country. 

74—376. JV'yctea nyctea (Linn.). 
Snowy Owl. Frequently seen on the 
Island in winter. 

75-377a. Sumia ulula caparoch 
(Mull.). American Hawk Owl. I pro- 
cured a fine specimen about the first of 
November, 1894, from a boy who said he 
killed it in the interior of the Island. 

76-388. Coccyzus erythrophthalmus 
(Wils.). Black-billed Cuckoo. A 
number of these birds were heard during 
the summer of 1894, and occasionally one 
was seen. 

77-390. Ceryle nicy on (Linn.). 
Belted Kingfisher. Very common on 
the Island; breeds in suitable localities. 

78-393. Dryobates villosus (Linn.). 
Hairy Woodpecker. Common resident; 
breeds. 

79-394. I), pubescens (Linn.). Downy 
Woodpecker. Common; breeds. 

SO^tOO. Picoides avticus (Swains.). 
Arctic Three-toed Woodpecker. I 
procured some beautiful specimens of this 
bird in the fall of 1893 and presume it is a 
common resident on the Island. 

81-405. Ceophloeus pileatus (Linn.). 
Pileated Woodpecker. Common; 

breeds. 

82-409. Melanerpes carolinus (Linn.). 
Red-bellied Woodpecker. Occasionally 
seen; undoubtedly breeds. 



28 



Bulletin of the Michigan Ornithological Clue. 



83-412. Colaptes auratus (Linn.). 
Flicker. The most common woodpecker; 
breeds abundantly. 

84-417. Antrostomas vociferus ( Wils.). 
Whip-poor-will. Undoubtedly breeds, 
being heard in July; a rare bird here. 

85-420. Chordeiles virginianus 
(Gmel.). Nighthawk. Very common; 
breeds. 

86-423. Chcrtura pelagica (Linn.). 
Chimney Swift. Frequently seen ; 
breeds. I saw a nest on the inside of a 
barn on St. Joseph Island, containing 
young nearly grown. 

87-428. Trochilus colubris (Linn.). 
Ruby-throated Hummingbird. Fre- 
quently seen; probably breeds. One seen 
as late as October. 

88-444. Tyrannus tyrannus {Linn.). 
Kingbird. Frequently observed about 
Sailor's Encampment; breeds. 

89-452. Myiarchus crinitus (Linn.). 
Crested Flycatcher. Occasionally seen; 
more often only heard. No young or 
nests were found. 

90-456. Sayornis phoe.be (Lath.). 
Phcebe. Not very common; occasional 
individuals were seen during the summer. 

91-461. Contopus virens (Linn.). 
Wood Pewee. Occasionally seen along 
the east side of the Island; presumably 
breeds. 

92^t65. Empidonax acadicus (Gmel.) 
Acadian Flycatcher. Observed in the 
spring and fall; did not see nests or young. 

93-474. Otocoris alpestris (Linn.). 
Horned Lark. Seen throughout the 
year; probably breeds in favorable places. 

94-477. Cyanocitta cristata (Linn.). 
Blue Jay. Very common at all seasons 
of the year. 

95-484. Perisoreus canadensis (Linn.) 
Canada Jay. Often seen on the Island, 
but not common during the summer 
months. 

96-486. Corvus corax principalis 

(Ridgy).). American Raven. Rather 
common in the fall. 

97-488. C. amerieanws And. Ameri- 
can Crow. Very common; breeds. 

98-494. Dolichonyx oryzivorus 
(Linn.). Bobolink. Two of these birds 
observed on the shores of Hay Lake in the 
spring of 1893; no doubt they occasionally 
visit the island. 

99-495. Molothrus ater (Bodd>). 



Cowbird. Frequently seen in small flocks 
in the fall; no young were seen. 

100-498. Agelaius plioeniceus (Linn:) 
Red-winged Blackbird. Occasionally 
seen but not common; probably breeds. 

101-501. Sturnella magna (Linn.). 
Meadow Lark. Breeds sparingly on the 
Island. 

102-509. Scolecophagas carolinus 
(Mull.). Rusty Grackle. Common in 
the fall. 

103-511b. Quiscalus qaiscula rrneus 
(Ridgw.). Bronzed Grackle. No nests 
were seen but it probably breeds, as birds 
were observed all summer. 

104-517. Carpodacus pitrpureus 
{Gmel.). Purple Finch. Seen near 
Little Mud Lake, feeding on the seeds of 
the burdock. 

105-521. Loxia carvirostra minor 
(Brehm.). American Crossbill. Some- 
times seen; do not think it breeds. 

106-522. Loxia leucoptera Gmel. 
White-winged Crossbill. As rare as 
the last species, although it is reported as 
being more common some seasons. 

107-528. Acantliis linaria (Linn.). 
Redpoll. Observed in spring and fall. 

108-529. Spinus tristis (Linn.). 
American Goldfinch. Often seen; no 
nests or young noted. 

209-534. Plectroplienax nivalis 
(Linn.). Snowflake. Common in the 
fall, spring, and throughout the winter. 

110-536. Calcarius lapponicus 
(Linn.). Lapland Longspur. I saw 
this bird frequently, but it may be con- 
sidered as rare during the summer. 

111-540. Poocaites gramineus ( Gmel.). 
Vesper Sparrow. Rather common dur- 
ing the summer; breeds 

112-554. Zonotrichia leucophrys 
(Forst.). White-crowned Sparrow. 
Common during the spring and fall; am 
not sure that it breeds as no nests or 
young were seen. 

113-558. Z. albicollis (Gmel.). 
White-throated Sparrow. Common in 
spring and fall. 

114-551 ). Spizella monticola (G me/,.). 
Tree Sparrow. Quite common. 

115-5(H). S. socialis (Wils.). Chip- 
ping Scar row. Common and breeds. 

ll()-567. Junco hy emails (Linn.). 
Slate-colored Junco. Common; breeds. 






Bulletin of the Michigan Ornithological Club. 



29 



117-581. Melospiza fascicita (GmeL). 
Song Sparrow. Common; breeds. 

118-585. Passerella iliaca (Merr.). 
Fox Sparrow. In spring and fall. 

119-587. Pipilo erythroptithalmus 
{Lin v.). Towhee. Rare on Island; 
common on the mainland. 

120-611. Progne subis (Linn.). 
Purple Martin. Infrequent; I consider 
it rare and out of its latitude. 

121-612. Petrochelidon lanifrons 
(Say). Cliff Swallow. Common; 
breeds. 

122-613. Chelidon erythrogastra 
(Bodd.). Barn Swallow. Common; 
breeds. 

123-616. Clivicola riparia (Linn.). 
Bank Swallow. The most common 
Swallow; many nests in the river banks 
along St. Mary's River. 

121-619. Ampelis cedrorum, (Vieill.). 
Cedar Waxwing. This beautiful bird is 
common at all seasons; breeds. 

125-622a. Lanitts ludovicianus excw- 
bitorides (Swains.). White-rumped 
Shrike. Often seen; no nests observed. 

126-636. Mniotilta varia (Linn.). 
Black and White Warbler. Not un- 
common in spring and fall. 

The following were common in the 
spring : 

127-655. Dendroica coronata (Linn.). 
Myrtle Warbler. 

128-657. D. maculosa (GmeL). Mag- 
nolia Warbler. 

129-659. D. pensylvanica (Linn.). 
Chestnut-sided Warbler. 

130-660. D. castanea (Wils.). Bay- 
breasted Warbler. 

131-661. I), striata (Forst.). Black- 
poll Warbler. 

132-662. D. blachburnice (GmeL). 
Blackburnian Warbler. 

133-667. D. virens (GmeL). Black- 
throated Blue Warbler. 

131-671. Seiwrus aurocapillus (Linn.). 
Oven Bird. Common; breeds. 

135-681. Geothlypis trichas (Linn.). 
Maryland Yellowthroat. I found this 



bird on the west side of Hay Lake and 
have no doubt that it breeds. 

136-686. Sylvania canadensis (Linn.). 
Canadian Warbler. Common in the 
spring. 

137-687. Setophaga ruticilla (Linn.). 
American Redstart Common in spring 
and summer. 

138-721. Troglodytes aedon Vieill. 
House Wren. I consider this a rare bird 
on the Island; only occasionally seen. I 
do not think it breeds. 

139-721. Cistothorus stellaris (Licht.). 
Short-billed Marsh Wren. Sometimes 
seen on the lowlands on the east side of the 
Island. 

110-726. Certhia familiaris ameri- 
cana (Bonap.). Brown Creeper. Oc- 
casional in spring and fail. 

111-727. Sitta carolinensis Lath. 
White-breasted Nuthatch. A common 
bird throughout the year; breeds. 

142-728. S. canadensis Linn. Red- 
breasted Nuthatch. Not as common as 
the last. 

113-731. Parus atricapillus (Linn.). 
Chickadee. Very common; breeds. 

141-718. Regulus satrapa (Licht.). 
Golden -crowned Kinglet. Common in 
spring and fall. 

145-755. Turdus mustelinus (GmeL). 
Wood Thrush. Not very common; oc- 
casionally seen during the summer; prob- 
ably breeds. 

146-756. T. fuscescens Steph. Wil- 
son's Thrush. More plentiful than the 
preceding. 

147-759b. T. aonalaschkce pallasii 
{Cab.). Hermit Thrush. This delight- 
ful song-bird breeds on the Island; mi- 
grates early in the fall. 

148-761. Merula m-igratoria (Linn.). 
Robi^. At no time very plentiful on the 
Island; breeds sparingly. 

149-766. Sialia sialis (Linn.). Blue- 
bird. I occasionally saw this bird about 
open spots, and although I failed to dis- 
cover its young or nests, I think it must 
breed in some localities. 



30 



Bulletin of the Michigan Ornithological Club. 



ft Trip to Grassy Island. 

B. H. SWALES 

For several years past I have been in 
the habit of patting in a few days collect- 
ing each year, among the marshes border- 
ing the lower Detroit River. Several of 
the small islands below the city of Detroit 
are the summer haunts of a number of 
wild fowl, and a day among them is to be 
remembered. Perhaps my most product- 
ive trips have been to Grassy Island, a 
long, narrow, half -submerged island lying 
on the Canadian side of the river. This 



the horizon. The morning carols of the 
Robin and Oriole were wafted to me from 
the land, while the sweet, rather plaintive 
note of the Spotted Sandpiper, and the in- 
cessant twitter of the Bank Swallows filled 
one^ heart with quiet joy. ; After a de- 
lightful sail of about ten miles we reached 
the north end of the Island, and now our 
privations began Thousands of alert 
Black Terns rose in flocks from the sub- 
merged flags, and showed their extreme 
disapprobation of our invasion of their 
sanctum. Now and then one of their 
white brothers, the Common Tern, would 




Nest of the Prairie Hen. (Photoby t. l. Hankinson.; 



island we usually reached from Wyandotte, 
or by sail from Detroit. 

Some of my days there I will never for- 
get, and only those who have had like 
experience can appreciate the beauties of 
a lovely June day on the water. Starting 
as early as we could get our sadly indis- 
posed eyes to wake, and putting out in our 
snug little cat boat, we left the reedy 
recesses of the Rouge. The sun had not 
yet risen, and the air was so fresh and 
verdant. The fluttering reeds glistened 
with dew, and the deep blue of the rapidly 



flowing river drew a thousand reflections 
from the sun, which began to peep over 
go by, or alight, and form a land-mark on 
the distant spiles. The noisy laughter of 
the Florida Gallinules and Coots gave us 
due notice that they were present, and 
that we would not go back unrewarded. 
Accoidingly we disrobed and stepped into 
the cold, oozy water, arrayed in about the 
same unique costume of the style set by 
Adam. The pain caused by the dry, 
merciless-cutting flags which cut our bare 
feet and limbs, greatly impeded our pro- 



Bulletin of the Michigan Ornithological Club. 



31 



gress. At first I proceeded along the out- 
skirts of the Island, where on the floating 
decayed masses of vegetations hundreds of 
Black Terns had their domiciles. The 
latter are only poor affairs, composed of a 
few grasses placed so as to detain the eggs 
in place. And very often the eggs are 
laid simply on the dead masses of floating 
reeds. The set is three, and the beautiful 
variations in the eggs make a series a very 
desirable acquisition to one's cabinet. 
One must need a sharp eye to detect the 
eggs of this species as they are occasional- 
ly half covered with decayed vegetation. 

One thing I have observed is the fact that 
if the eggs of the first set are taken, a few 
days later one can go the rounds and find 
that the birds have all laid again. The 
Black Tern is a common summer resident 
here, arriving late in April and going 
southward in October. To see a flock of 
them dissporting at the close of a beauti- 
ful summer day, when the soft dreaminess 
of twilight is coming on, they appear but 
swallows of a larger growth, and form 
with their graceful evolutions and pointed 
long wings, a very pretty part of the sum- 
mer marine landscape. 

Returning to the marsh, one must not 
imagine that all is joy, and no work, for 
one's heart will jump mouth ward frequent- 
ly during the exploration at hand. Each 
step taken is a mystery as to your final 
landing-place, for the water is of unequal 
depths ; and hidden weedy channels, bog 
holes, and soft, marshy places prove the 
source of many an involuntary ducking. 
The flags cut the feet until it is almost 
unbearable, and this, together with the 
blood-suckers and the rushing pike, which 
hide in the shallow water until stepped on 
and then rush out with a splash into deeper 
water, making a commotion very exciting 
to an unexpected ear, form the drawbacks. 
A few snakes tend to increase the dis- 
pleasure. 

Coot's and Gallinule's nests we found in 
abundance, but as they are well known I 
will pass them by. Still a few of their 
nests I have found were so picturesque 
that I longed for a camera to retain the 



scene. 



Scattered all over the Island were the 
numerous nests of the Long- billed Marsh 
Y\ ren, and it is a great piece of guess- 
work to determine which are the occupied 
nests and those that are simply mock 



ones. What cozy little homes they are 
with their lining of soft grasses, and ex- 
terior of closely interwoven reeds some- 
times still green from the moisture they 
receive. Putting your finger into the 
narrow entrance of the globular nest it is 
always pleasant to feel the little warm 
chocolate eggs inside. On several occa- 
sions I have found albino eggs of this 
species here. The color ranges in these 
specimens from light back-ground, spotted, 
to a pure white. These latter are very 
fragile. A set consists of from five to 
eight, and occasionally more, eggs. The 
Marsh Wren, with his bubbling notes and 
contented ways, is a great favorite of 
mine, for unlike the ideal child he is more 
often heard than seen. In fact, a novice 
would be puzzled to account for the notes 
of this bird if he depended upon sight 
alone. 

About the center of the island I stumble 
upon a Least Bittern's nest containing 
the usual set of four pale blue eggs. The 
nest is a mere platform of dead flags 
placed above the water, and closely inter- 
woven. This modest little Bittern when 
disturbed will rise quickly, fly a short 
distance, and drop into the reeds again 
where its quivering note will be heard 
while you remain in the vicinity. The 
larger type, the American Bittern, for- 
merly bred in these marshes, and may do 
so yet, but I have been unable to find the 
nest. The approach of civilization has 
banished the majority to the more unfre- 
quented resorts. They are still a common 
sight on the Flats of the St. Clair River, 
where their booming can be heard on 
almost any summer day. I flushed a large 
one at the close of a day here, and he 
arose so quickly near my friend that he 
stood, gun in hand, so amazed that Botau- 
rus dropped into the reeds ere he 
recovered his head. Occasionally they go 
inland — one was shot in an adjoining yard 
in the heart of the city in April, '95. 

The Pied-billed Grebe is a common 
breeder here, and their floating nests were 
frequently found. The nest is a mere 
floating mass of decayed vegetation upon 
which the eggs are laid, in number six to 
eight, and covered with a mass of veo-eta- 
tion that conceals the eggs entirely. I 
seldom find a nest unless so concealed, and 
I have never found a Grebe upon her nest, 
or near it. The young are able to swim 



32 



Bulletin of the Michigan Ornithological Club 



and dive as soon as they are hatched, and 
there is no prettier sight than a number of 
these little downy fellows with their parent 
upon the bosom of the clear blue water. 
The Grebe has one characteristic of the 
rail — that of being rattled. I well remem- 
ber an April day that while "hawking" be- 
yond the city I found a lone Grebe upon a 
small pond. Together with my compan- 
ion, I went in swimming, and we kept 
his Grebeship diving so constantly that he 
lost his head, and we nearly caught him. 
It never thought of its wings. 

The Great Blue Heron is not often seen 
now among these islands, although still a 
common summer resident at the Flats. I 
like to see them soar over on their great 
napping wings, and drop into the marsh 
where they remain so motionless. 
In the recesses of the Flats I have 
often watched them at midnight from the 
deck of our sloop alight near the boat, and 
heard their hoarse gutteral bark-like notes. 
They probably breed to the north of the 
Flats, but I never found their nests. 

Horned Grebes are occasionally seen here 
but they do not breed to my knowledge, 
although Mr. Mcll wraith reports their 
doing so on the Canadian side of the Flats. 

Among the other species found breeding 
here are Tree Swallows, Maryland Yellow- 
throats, Red-winged Black Birds, a few 
Swamp and Song Sparrows, Bank Swal- 
lows, and King Rails. The latter bird is 
more abundant at the Flats, and in inland 
swamps. One may often see them there 
creep out stealthily from the weedy banks 
of the channel, and listen to their odd cries. 
A nest I found June 9, '96, contained nine 
eggs of the owner, 1 of the Sora Rail, and 
eight of the rarer Virginia Rail — all the 
representative rails in one nest. I flushed 
a King Rail from the nest, and the presence 
of the other eggs made it a problem I 
could not solve. All three Rails bred in 
the swamp, but how did they happen to 
set up a flat, so to speak ? 

Among the rarer birds observed may 
be noted Nelson's Sharp-tailed Sparrows 
which Mr. J. C. Wood observed and shot 
in the fall of '93. 

After the collecting was over for the 
day what a luxury it was to lie on deck 
and smoke as we sailed homeward in the 
rapidly increasing breeze! I hope to en- 
gage in more productive and interesting 
excursions, but none will ever be able to 



give me more genuine pleasure than my 
days at Grassy Island among the water 
birds. 

Detroit, Mich. 



W. F. Henuinger has moved to Waverly, Ohio. 

Dr. Harry C. Watkins of Ann Arbor, is the newly 
appointed assistant to Dr. Geo. Doch, iu the depart- 
ment of internal medicine, University of Michigan. 

We are delighted to announce that D. W. J. 
Oakley of Detroit, who has for some months been in 
failing health, is now fast recovering. 

State Game and Fish Warden Chase S. Osborn, 
has sent State Deputy L. Whitney Watkins north 
to the deer country to oversee hunting operations in 
the Upper Peninsula, until about Dec 5th. 

Our veteran taxidermist, Adolph B. Covert, 
presented the editor-in-chief with skins of $ and 9 
Carolina Paroquet, on October 17th. 

Messrs. Hankinson and Cole called upon Mr. Geo. 
H. Walker of Bel videre, 111., in August, and spent a 
very pleasant evening discussing birds. 

Mr. Friant Stuart of Chicago, III., formerly of 
Grand Rapids, spent sent several days in the hitter 
city this summer. 

Mr. F. Henry Yorke of Fooseland, 111. is the 
author of a work entitled "Our Ducks," which he 
expects to publish soon. 

Messrs. Geo. J. Friederich of Brooklyn, and L. 
Whitney Watkins of Manchester, will attend all of 
the Jackson Co. Farmers' Institutes this fall and 
winter, alternately speaking upon and opening the 
discussion of "Birds and animals of use or harm to 
the farmers' iutersts.'" 

Mr. Chas. Cass, of Hillsdale, spent his summer at 
Cross Village. Emmet County. Michigan, where he 
did some work with birds. He reports finding a 
nest of the Red-breasted Merganser, and collecting a 
few eggs of the American Herring Gull, Caspian and 
Common Terns. 

Dr. Robt. H. Wolcott, Instructor of Zoology at 
Nebraska University, spent June, July, and August 
with his parents at Grand Rapids. We were pleased 
to find out that Mrs. Wolcott was very much inter- 
ested in science, especially in botany and ornithology. 

Mr. T. L. Hankinson visited Mr. Cole, at Grand 
Rapids, in September. Several trips were taken by 
members of the club during Mr. Hankinson's stay, 
and they were given valuable hints on hunting shore 
birds by this able collector of the Limicola. 

Mr. Percy Selous of Greenville, is interested in 
snakes as well as birds, and keeps several large 
Rattle Snakes as pets. These snakes are very fond 
of sleeping iu folds of a carpet provided for them. 
One evening recently, Mr. Selous, while exhibiting 
his pets, thrust his hand into the folds of this carpet 
in search of a big fellow that he was in the habit of 
handling. As he had not spoken the snake failed 
to recognize him and struck. Although the wound 
was freely bled and sucked, Mr. Selous suffered 
severely for several days. We hear that the snake 
is still a cherished member of Mr. Selous' family. 



Bulletin of the Michigan Ornithological Club. 



33 



The American Herring Gull. 

THIS bird is found in great numbers 
in our locality the greater part of 
the year, some of the hardier ones 
remaining with us all winter. 

In the very severe weather they drift 
out over the lake, but soon came back to 
hang around the fisherman's shanties to 
pick up the fish heads and trimmings 
thrown out upon the ice. 

In April they return by thousands, and 
their discordant cries' as they fight over 
the remains of some fish thrown out upon 
the ice, fill the air with anything but 
music. 

After the ice goes out, about the first of 
May, they begin to gather around three 
rather isolated islands, which are situated 
in the passage from Green Bay to Lake 
Michigan. There thev have bred from as 
far back as the whites have record. From 
the nesting of the gulls, these islands have 
derived their names, viz., Gravel, Middle, 
and South Gull Islands. 

The eggs are gathered by fishermen and 
Indians, who use them for food, or sell 
them in Escanaba markets, receiving 
twenty to twenty -five cents per dozen for 
them. 

The Indians have up till late years had 
their annual egg feast, going to the Islands 
in a body in their Mackinaw^s (boats) and 
remaining until gull eggs had no further 
charm. Their camping place was on 
Middle Gull Island where plenty of wood 
is to be found, and where on the northeast 
point is a natural dancing-ground — a hard, 
level piece of ground as smooth as a floor; 
and around this rude fire-places still re- 
main. One much larger than the rest, 
some eight feet high, stands like a monu- 
ment of olden times. 

It is amusing, if one goes there when 
the young are a few days old, to see them 
scramble for the water — little spotted fel- 
lows very much resembling the eggs 
themselves ; and I have actually stooped 
to pick up a supposed egg among the 
drift-wood only to find it a young gull's 
head, which soon gave proof to its liveli- 
ness by scurrying away to a better place 
of shelter. I have seen hundreds — yes I 
can almost say a thousand — of these little 
fellows, when being frightened by a shot, 
all run for the water. Still, they differ 



from ducks and only swim out a short 
distance, quickly returning to seek the 
shelter of the rocks. 

On Gravel Gull Island a colony of 
Caspian Terns breed in company with the 
Gulls, not intermingling however in the 
least, and each showing a respect for the 
other's rights. 

The eggs are quite variable in color- 
ation, size and markings. While a set 
resemble each other in size and shape, the 
color very often differs widely, and one is 
led to believe that more than one bird laid 
in the nest. This they doubtless do oc- 
casionally. 

They begin to nest in May and if dis- 
turbed or robbed keep on until the latter 
part of June, when many abandon the 
islands and leave. 

The shell is very fragile w T hen fresh 
and when incubation is advanced it 
breaks at the slightest touch. 

On Gravel Gull Island, which is com- 
posed of ridges of gravel thrown up by 
the waves, the nests put on quite a military 
look, occurring as they do quite regularly 
on each ridge, making rows two rods apart 
and in tiers, one slightly above the other. 
They look like an army — especially when 
approaching the island — with the birds 
standing guard, dressed in white with 
pearl mantle and erect as penguins. 
When you approach to within a short dis- 
tance of them they take fright and 
rise in swarms, making a great animated 
snow-storm, filling the air with so much 
noise that it is necessary to shout to one 
quite close in order to be understood. 

One passing through the passage on a 
boat would hardly think that those little 
islands off to the south-west were tenanted 
with so many birds. 

E. Van Winkle. 
Van's Harbor, 

Delta County, Mich. 



L J. Cole has returned to the Agricultural 
College to complete his work there. 

Mr. Wm, A. Hayden of Jackson, has entered as a 
student at the Michigan Agricultural College. 

Mr. Dewey A. Seeley of the Agricultural College, 
recently went to Grand Eapids, where he spent two 
days taking the Civil Service examination. 

Mr. W. E. Mulliken of Grand Rapids, recently 
made a few days visit with T. L. Hankinson and 
L. J. Cole, at the Agricultural College. 



34 



Bulletin of the Michigan Ornithological Club. 



The White-throated Sparrow. 

BY MORRIS GIBBS. 

THIS musical prodigy and divine 
ventriloquist is also known by the 
name of Peabocly-bird, from a fan- 
cied resemblance in its song to the syllables 
pea-bod-y. Bat we shall find that other 
syllables equally well express the notes, 
causing us to wonder if we are incapable 
of defining a bird's song, or if we are de- 
ceived in our estimate of musical efforts 
among the feathered choristers. How- 
ever, the notation, as presented in the song 



Wood Thrush, or ecstatic warble of the 
Warbling Vireo, to 'Comrades,' or 'The 
Last Rose of Summer.' Sentiment does 
exist between man and birds, but surely — 
'comparisons are odious' — when we 
attempt them in regard to bird songs. 

Let us study the simple, plaintive song 
of this pleasing sparrow and attempt to dis- 
cover its charm. You may call the in- 
vestigation a critism, if you wish, for the 
performer cannot be disparaged by any- 
thing which critics may offer. 

We are surprised to find that the full 
song is expressed within the range from 
c to <7, inclusive, and comprised by three 




Downy Woodpecker. 

From 'Sketches of Some Common Birds.' 



of the White-throated Sparrow, is easily 
set to a musical scale, though, as will be 
seen, various words may then be framed 
as an accompaniment. This is eminently 
true of all birds' notes, and shows conclu- 
sively that comparison of bird music, and 
bird-talk or songs with our language is 
hardly compatible. Comparison in scale 
of notes is allowable, as is readily seen, 
but aside from this mechanical standard, 
there is a vast gulf which it is impossible 
to bridge. It is ridiculous to compare the 
rattle of the House Wren with 'Annie 
liooney,' or the sweet bell-like notes of the 



key notes only, thus: c-g-e-eee-eee and 
so on, on the e short notes indefinitely. 
This is easiest expressed in the second 
octave of the treble clef of the piano or 
organ, but is more nearly and feelingly 
imitated on the flute, which, clear and 
sweet, best defines bird melody — by the 
side of which the piano-forte appears harsh 
in the extreme. Commonly there are 
three measures of the e note, each giving: 
three quarter notes, with a rest. The 
quaver exhibited by these quarter notes is 
the charm of the song. Expressed in 
music the notes run thus: 



Bulletin of the Michigan Ornithological Club. 



35 



v 




o 


01 


&£#> 


m 


m 


& 


A <z> 










r 






r 






r 


fa\ 
























vv 













This is the most complete song, but very 
often the measures of quavers are four or' 
five in number, and occasionally six, seven, 
and even more. Often, too, the c note is 
omitted, and frequently the g note is also 
dropped. It may be supposed that there 
would be no music in a single note, trilled 
ever so finely, but there is where one is in 
error. There never was more perfect 
melody than issues from the White- 
throated Sparrow's throat, even when it 
floats to us as only a part of the bird's 
song. Sometimes a bare fragment of the 
song, the last quaver, reaches our ears, 
and even this short effort is most harmoni- 
ous. In fact there is not the slightest 
monotony about the simple ditty. 

A much rarer and little known song in 
the same octave, is one in which the re- 
frain starts in with the tremulo on g, 
then once on c and ending with <?, as 
follows: "g — c — e-eee-eee-eee" I have 
often tried to fit these songs to a minor 
key, and may suggest that my readers, so 
inclined, try c flat, e flat and c natural on 
the piano or flute. If on the piano the 
octave should be a higher one and the soft 
pedal pressed. 

This description is poor, but may sug- 
gest the divine melody of this comprehen- 
sive singer, and if my readers have an 
opportunity to listen to the song in the 
future, they will readily recognize how 
this bird's refrain can be set to our musical 
notation. By all means use a flute, if 
available. 

When singing, it appears that the little 
fellow is sad, the notes sound so plaint- 
ively, but we know the vernal songs only 
hold the notes of love, and that like the 
sounding notes of the Mourning Dove, 
they express joy. 

In some parts of the country the song of 
this bird is considered a petition or prayer 
to Saint Theresa,* and the words "Oh, 

* The petition to Thei-esa was, I believe, first de- 
scribed by M. L. Leach, in 'Forest and Stream.' It 
indicates how readily words may be supplied to fill a 
measure ; the word Theresa just metrically filling the 
space of the wholly differently sounding sylables — pea- 
bod-y. This song was also referred to by Dr. S. 
Kneeland, Jr., in 1857, and many comments have been 
made regarding the simple yet pleasing refrain, for 
many years. 



hear me Theresa, Theresa," as sung by 
the - bird, supposedly, will be found to 
metrically compare to the tri-sylabic word 
pea-bod-y, repeated. It is not difficult to 
imagine that one of Mother Nature's peti- 
tioners is plaintively beseeching recogni- 
tion; and in accepting this view, condi- 
tionally, I have tacitly admitted that the 
complaint concerns the destruction of 
forests and woodlands. It is about the 
edges of clearings and new lands where 
we find this little bird in the nesting 
season. 

The White-throated Sparrow arrives in 
southern Michigan in April, usually the 
second week, but does not appear abundant 
till the twentieth or later. It occasionally 
reaches us in March, and my earliest date 
is the twenty -first of the month, in the 
forty-second parallel. It is a loiterer in 
migrating, and not rarely is found about 
our city yards as late as May tenth. 
Sometimes it favors us with a song, but 
usually passes us by, reserving its efforts 
at song till it reaches its northern home. 
Usually straggling flocks may be seen, 
but this is more noticeable in the autumnal 
migrations than in spring. Often groups 
of five or six birds are noted, and as these 
flocks embrace one pair of old birds, while 
the others are immatures, it is probable 
that the birds are of one family. 

Before the forty -fourth parallel is reached 
a few pairs remain to breed, but it is only 
north of the forty-fifth degree that we find 
the species in abundance in the breeding 
season. In desolate regions, where the 
pine has been cleared away, leaving what 
are known as "slashings" and "burns," the 
Pea body Bird is right at home. It appears 
to prefer these desolate 'sections, and its 
beautifully clear quavers may be heard on 
every side, sounding as a benison among 
the cleared and blackened logs and stumps. 

The bird is an undoubted ventriloquist, 
and its notes are often deceptive, leading 
one astray in looking for the singer. I 
have been deceived into thinking that two 
or more birds occupied a neighborhood 
when only one was there. The White- 
throat not rarely charms us with his song 
at night, and heard at this time, when all 
is dark and silent, there is even an addi- 
tional soulful thrill to its plaintive, feeling 
ditty. 

In late May the nests are built, or in 
[Continued on page 41.] 



36 



Bulletin of the Michigan Ornithological Club. 




Chandler's Marsh. 

(Photo by T. L. Hankinsom) 



Two Days of Marsh Collecting. 

LEON J. COLE. 

The frequent glowing* reports that I 
received from Mr. T. L. Han kin son 
of his success collecting, had their 
inevitable effect upon me, and the night 
of Friday, May 28, 1897, found me at the 
Agricultural College near Lansing. We 
laid our plans for an early start the next 
morning, but they were rudely upset when 
Mr. Hankinson found that he would have 
to take an examination. This was a sad 
disappointment, but it was a decree of 
fate — and the faculty — so there was no 
help for it. We hacl our lunch put up, 
however, and were prepared to go without 
delay when the time came. 

About noon we were off at last, and taking 
the road leading directly north, we walked 
briskly for about two miles, and came out in 
full view of Chandler's marsh. For two 
miles or so straight ahead of us, the road 
looked like a slender thread dividing the big 
marsh into two parts, that on the right 
hand being considerably the larger. The 
longer axis lies from northeast to south- 
west. The place, as a whole, is a level 
tract of land, covered with water for the 
most part at this season of the year; and 
the vegetation is low, so that a good view 



of the whole expanse is had from almost 
any elevated point around. In that por- 
tion which is slightly drier,- on the south 
side and near the road, the ground has 
been cultivated at some time, but was now 
covered by rank swamp grass and sedges, 
and was all flooded by a few inches of 
water, except a knoll now and then that 
rose a little above the surrounding level. 
There are other parts a good deal the 
same, but w T hich have never been disturbed 
by the plow. Here and there, and espe- 
cially along the north side, where there is a 
ditch, are patches of willows eight to ten 
feet high. Occasionally a few straggling 
poplars attain a considerable height, and 
in one or two places there is quite a growth 
of them of from five to six feet. 

In the more open parts the walking is 
comparatively good, although soft, but in 
the bushier places where are often large 
pools surrounded by cat-tails, it is made 
very uncertain by the inequality of the 
* surface, and the large amount of brush- 
wood under foot. 1 have been through 
here when there was but very little water, 
and it was very difficult travelling then, so 
imagine what it is with the general leA^el 
covered by a foot or two of water — you 
are going very nicely when, unexpectedly 
and without warning, you step into a hole 



Bulletin of the Michigan Ornithological Club. 



6 i 



IJwmWJJP 




Nest of the Pied=billed Grebe. 

(Photo by T. L. Hankinson.) 



with the water to your waist. But these 
little inconveniences only serve as a little 
spice to the clays 1 collecting. 

Soon after reaching our destination we 
ate our lunch, and struck out diagonallv 
towards the northwest. Mallards and 
Blue-winged Teal were abundant on the 
small open patches of water, and flew up 
before us in numbers as we pushed along. 
Sometimes when we had worked along a 
little carefully under cover of the brush 
we would hear such a quacking in front of 
us as would remind us of a country barn- 
yard, but as we pushed through the cover, 
there would be a great flapping, a whirr 
of wings, and away would go a flock of 
Mallards with a speed that would take 
away the breath of their civilized, refined, 
and dignified cousins in domestication. 

We kept on with no incident except 
now and then putting up a Least Bittern 
or a Rail, peeping into the numerous Red- 
wings' nests to count the eggs or young, 
and examining the cocoanut-like nests of 
the Long-billed Marsh Wrens, when, on 
peering around among the flags of a small 
island in a pond larger than usual, I thought 



I had run upon an incubator of some sort 
— and truly I had, upon a Coot incubator! 
There, in a diameter of ten inches, were 
sixteen eggs, and that number was prob- 
ably multiplied to my astonished eyes at 
first sight. The nest was built up on the 
brush and a mass of flags so that the inside 
was dry ; the picture shows it so well that 
I think further description is unnecessary. 

We hid ourselves in the neighboring 
cat-tails to see if the birds would not 
return, but although we heard them in the 
vicinity, they would not show themselves. 
When I had been standing this way in a 
hole of water above my knees for some 
time, I happened to look down at my side, 
and there was a Sora's nest with ten eggs 
which I had almost stepped upon. 

Marking the situation of the Coot's nest, 
so that we might bring out a camera and 
get a picture of it, and continuing our 
search, we had gone but a short distance 
when we found another nest of this species, 
and five addled eggs around it in the water. 
The position of the nest was much the 
same as in the former. The search was 
longer this time, and then we found still 



38 



Bulletin of the Michigan Ornithological Club. 



eggs. 



another nest, containing twelve 
This was in a different position from the 
other two, not being on the edge of a 
clear space of water, but where the water 
was only a few inches deep and among the 
low, dense growth of cat-tails, were inter- 
spersed a few low poplars two to four feet 
high. 

Coming back around to the other side 
of the opening in which we had found the 
first Coot's nest, Mr. Hankinson found a 
Florida Gallinule's nest containing eight 
eggs. This was a little back from the 
edge of the open water among the dense 
cat-tails; it was higher from the water 
than the Coot's nest, and different from 
them in being deeper, and in not being 
built upon such a 
mass or platform 
of dead flags. 
The edge, on one 



side. 



was 



left 



lower, and from 
it to the ground 
was a sort of in- 
clined plane, re- 
minding one of 
the driveway 
leading up to the 
main floor of the 
ordinary bank 
barn. This 
seemed to be the 
only place used 
by the bird to 
enter and leave 
the nest. 

The afternoon 
was now well ad- 
vanced, so we 
worked our way 
out into the more 
open places along the road. As the sun 
set and evening advanced, the birds became 
moie active; from different quarters and 
at irregular intervals came the "booming" 
of the American Bittern ; here and there a 
Sora uttered its plaintive call, seeming to 
be at times almost under foot ; Song 
Sparrows and Marsh Wrens joined in the 
chorus, while now and then would mingle 
in the cry of a Coot or Gallinule, or the 
peculiar whistle of some wader would be 
heard in a distant part of the marsh. 
What a fascination there is in all this ! 
What a world of unexplored mysteries 
lies here before us! The Bittern's gurgling 



pumping note that sounded so comical 
as it was occasionally heard through the 
day, and many other familiar cries now 
have an unfamiliarity and weirdness that 
brings back to our memories with a rush 
all the goblins and fairies so long forgotten ; 
the vast expanse of lowland, looking yet 
larger and more lonely in the gathering 
dusk, takes on the same enchanting mys- 
tery that these had to our childish imagin- 
ations, and we stand in awe, as on the 
threshold of a strange world. But the 
spell was suddenly broken by a peculiar 
note, which Mr. Hankinson said "sounded 
like a wooden cow-bell, v and crouching 
down in the long grass, we saw three large 
Sandhill Cranes coming directly overhead, 

but they were too 
sharp for us, and 
turning to the 
right, went away 
around out of 
range. I have no 
doubt that these 
birds might be 
found breeding 
here, if one could 
but succeed in 
finding the right 
place. 

On the open 
pools we still saw 
a few Teal, and 
when we were 
almost out, a 
Black Tern flew 
over our heads. 
It was dusk when 
we got back to 
the college, and 
after a good sup- 
per, we spent a 
large part of the night in taking care of 
the specimens we had obtained during the 
afternoon. 

May 1 31. — Monday morning, when we 
first opened our eyes to it at four-thirty a. 
m. , was one-of those cold days that we are so 
apt to get now and then in May. We had 
made all preparations the night before, so 
at five o'clock were off. We did not notice 
the cold so much till we got out where the 
west wind' struck us full force, then we 
wished we were more warmly clothed; 
but the worst of it was when we stepped 
into the water — it makes me shiver now 




Nest of 

(Photo by T. L. Hankinson.) 



Bulletin of the Michigan Ornithological Club. 



39 



to think of it ! But a person can get used 
to anything — even to getting hung, they 
say — and so it was, for in a short time 
that part of us«that was in the water was 
warmer and more comfortable than that 
which was out and exposed to the cold 
wind. 

We took Mr. Hankinson's camera with 
us and a half-dozen plates — before the day 
was over we wished that we had taken 
more. Having so much to carry made 
the walking worse than ever. We had 
gone but a -short distance from the road 
when I noticed a Massasauga .{Sistrurus 
catenatus) about thirty inches long, lying 
partially under some brush. He seemed 
very sluggish, on account of the low 
te m pe r a t u r e, 1 
suppose, and 
when I disturbed 
him, turned slow- 
ly and crawled 
into a hole. He 
showed no pug- 
nacious proclivi- 
ties whatever ; he 
did not even 
"rattle." 

We were at the 
Coot's nest by the 
time it was light 
enough to take a 
picture, but we 
saw no more of 
the birds than on 
Saturday. After 
taking an expos- 
ure of this and of 
the Sora's nest, 
we took a view 
of the marsh in 
general at this 
place, and then 
Gallinule's nest. 



ran onto a Pied-billed Grebe's 
two eggs. 'his 



taming 



nest con- 
was a floating 




mass of decayed vegetation, somewhat 
resembling in shape the frustrum of a 
cone, hollowed on top, and about four 
inches high above the water, which was 
about a foot and a half deep at this place. 
This nest was not dry like the Coot's and 
Gallinule's, but was damp even where the 
eggs lay. In the water around the nest 
were pieces of broken egg-shell, and after 
a short search we found five little birds 
hidden around among the vegetation. 
They were evidently just hatched, and had 
probably hidden upon our first approach. 
It is doubtful whether we should have 
found them at all if they had stayed in 

concealment, but 
becoming impa- 
tient, I suppose, 
one started out to 
return to the nest, 
and it was then 
that I espied him. 
When I attempt- 
ed to catch him 
he dived, and 
coming up in a 
patch of alga3, 
became entangled 
that I caught 



so 



l Jr> J 



Nest of the Florida Gallinule. 

(Photo by T. L. Hankinson.) 



eggs. 



went to get one of the 
There were now ten 
showing that one had been laid each 
day since our previous visit. 

While Mr. Hankinson was adjusting the 
camera, which was no small task under 
the conditions, I explored the neighbor- 
hood for more nests. We had noticed 
that the birds, in general, seemed to have a 
preference for the small patches of reeds 
and bushes, or "islands,'" as we called 
them, in the larger and more open "ponds, '' 
so I made a tour of these. My search 
was not without results, for I found several 
unoccupied Coot's nests, and unexpectedly 



him easily. A 
short search re- 
vealed the other 
four. 

These young 
birds were very 
pretty, to my way 
of thinking . 
Plump little bob- 
tailed balls of 
down, with two 
broadly lobed paddles set on behind, and 
the merest apologies for wings. They 
swam around so easily, that it seemed 
impossible that this was, perhaps, the first 
time they had ever been in the water. 
The general color was black and white, 
there being four white stripes running the 
whole length of the back, the two outer 
spreading well over the sides, and all run- 
ning up the neck, where the black streaks 
were not much broader than the white ; 
on the sides the two colors mingled more, 
giving a grayish appearance; breast and 
belly white; smaller bands of white on 
the sides of the neck ran diagonally to the 



40 



Bulletin of the Michigan Ornithological Club. 



front; white on the crown, where the 
streaks tend to run transversely, replaced 
by rufous brown; tip of bill white. 

One of the eggs still in the nest was 
addled, the other contained a chick almost 
ready to hatch. One peculiar circum- 
stance was, that the bad egg was more 
badly stained and had pieces of grass and 
other materials sticking to it, while the 
incubated egg was as clean as could be 
expected, considering the place in which 
it lay. This difference may be seen in 
the cut. 

Going back to the road we hid the 
camera among the bushes and struck out 
towards the east, intending to work around 
to the north, where we thought the Sand- 
hill Cranes might nest. We had gone 
about a mile and a half, when we noticed 
a pair of Marsh Hawks sailing over a 
place that looked favorable for a nest, and 
as they acted suspiciously, we set our- 
selves to work to find it. In a short time 
Mr. Hankinson discovered it, and in it 
were three little, white, downy, red- 
mouthed Marsh Hawks, that, upon seeing 
or hearing us, set up a feeble cry and 
opened their mouths like young robins. 
We wished that we had the camera and 
the one remaining plate, but did not want 
to go way back after it, so started for 
Park Lake again. 

We had gone but a few rods when we 
heard a note that was unfamiliar to me, 
which, upon investigation, proved to be 
that of the Short- hi lied Marsh Wren. We 
were now upon higher ground covered by 
rank grass, with clumps of low bushes 
interspersed here and there — an ideal place 
for these Wrens. Mr. Hankinson was 
very anxious to keep on after the Cranes, 
so pushed ahead, but I set to work watch- 
ing the Wrens, and before he was out of 
calling distance, had located a nest con- 
taining two eggs. Did I say eggs ? They 
looked more like pearls, so small and so 
white — a great contrast to the chocolate 
drops of their Long-billed cousins. The 
nest, which was built into the coarse, dead 
grass about a foot from the ground and 
supported by a bush, was much the shape 
of the Long-bill's, but was smaller, longer 
vertically in proportion, and the entrance 
was not so well concealed. It was built 
almost entirely of dry grass, being lined — 
but not heavily — with finer grass, bits of 
fur, small soft feathers and cottony sub- 



stance from plants. Further search re- 
vealed several duplicate nests in various 
stages of completion, but no more with eggs. 

By this time Mr. Hankinson had worked 
ahead again, and just as I was hurrying to 
overtake him, my attention was attracted 
by a ball of brownish feathers at my feet, 
and a pair of yellow eyes staring at me. 
Upon picking it up, to which it objected 
seriously, I found it to be a young Long- 
eared Owl. He was such a nice little 
fellow, being but a little over half grown, 
that I decided to take him home with me ; 
but the question was, how should we carry 
him ? We finally decided upon Mr. 
Hankinson's pocket, so there we put him, 
but as we had no pins with us and could 
find nothing with which to fasten the 
pocket, we lost him before night. 

After finding the Owl, we again started 
for Park Lake and the Cranes, but we 
were not to get there, for we had gone but 
a short distance when a large bird flushed 
at my feet, and looking down I saw a 
Prairie Hen's nest and fourteen brownish 
or buffy eggs. The nest was a depression 
about three inches deep and nine inches 
across, in the black earth, lined with dry 
grass, and partially covered over by the 
somewhat matted surrounding grass. 

We thought that a picture of this would 
be worth a trip back after the camera, so 
we set out and got back just as the sun 
was setting behind the bushes in the west 
and there was barely light enough to allow T 
us to get a good photograph. We saw 
nothing of especial interest upon our trip 
back and forth, except a Sora's nest con- 
taining fifteen eggs — a rather large set — 
and another rattlesnake. This one we 
captured and took in for the college mus- 
eum. It was not so large as the one I had 
seen earlier, but was, according to actual 
measurement, twenty-five and one-fourth 
inches in length. 

Once more we had to travel the distance 
back to the road, and by the time we 
reached it we were glad enough to leave 
the marsh for the good walking it afforded. 
It was half-past eight when we got home, 
but of course we must develope the plates 
that night to see what success we had had, 
so when we finally got to bed, very tired 
but well satisfied with our day's work, it 
was well along in the morning of June 
first. 



Bulletin of the Michigan Ornithological Club. 



41 



The White-throated Sparrow, 

CONTINUED. 

June, though the duties of incubation are 
not generally performed before June 
twentieth. The nest, an inartistic, but 
bulky, sparrow-like structure, is, so far as 
I can learn, awlays placed in a bush from 
six inches to five feet from the ground. 

This bird is one of our sweetest singers, 
and cannot fail to attract the attention of 
anyone interested in bird melody. It is 
also a handsome species when arrayed in 
complete vernal attire, and, taken alto- 
gether, is one of our most pleasing; Spar- 
rows.* The name suggests the mark of 
identity, and this patch will distinguish it 
from all others, even to the novice. 



RECENT LITERATURE. 

MAGAZINE ARTICLES. 

Autumn Birds of New England. By Wm. E. Crane. 
(In New England Magazine for October.) 

A very good article, written in a popular style, and 
illustrated by several cuts of varying excellence. Several 
slight inaccuracies occur, as the author in referring to 
the migration of warblers, saying, "... .they spend a 
few hours breakfasting. .. .then rising in the air again 
.... they continue their course towards the tropics. ' ' It 
is a well known fact that warblers migrate almost entirely 
by night; spending the days — unless it be very cloudy — in 
the treetops. The article contains much that is of value 
to the class for which it was written, the non-birdstudy- 
ing public. — W. E. M. 

A Bird" 1 s Egg. By Ernest Ingersoll. 

(In Harper's Monthly for December.) 

An excellent article of largely theoretical character. 
After informing us of the composition of an egg, the 
stages it passes through, and the relation of its shape to 
the nesting place, the author gives us the law, "that the 
nest complement of eggs of any bird is in exact proportion 
to the average danger to which that species is exposed '/' ' 
illustrating this point to some length. He also disbe- 
lieves the statement that eggs are examples ot protective 
coloration, brought about by natural selection, and sug- 
gests that perhaps the different colors are to enable the 
parent in distinguishing her eggs from those of other birds. 

The four colored plates which illustrate the article are 
not especially good (compared with the present American 
standard, Maj. Bendire's "Life Histories of North 
American Birds"). There is a great deal in the article 
of value, especially to the philosophic ornithologist.- 

W. E. M. 

PERIODICALS. 

The Osprey. The Osprey Company, 141 East 25th 
St. , New York City. Monthly. $1.00 per year. 

The Osprey needs no recommendation to most ornith- 
ologists, but as there may be some reader of this column 
who has not had the privilege of looking .over its neat 
and instructive pages, we would say that it is one of 
the best bird monthlies in America. Taken as a whole, 
only pleasant words can be said of it, although once 
in awhile something creeps in which might better have 
been omitted. Dr. Coues is associated with Mr. Johnson 



in its production, and since his advent we notice that 
errors and poor articles are rapidly disappearing. It 
should be on the subscription list of every active 
ornithologist. 

Vol. 2, No. 2. October, 1897. 

This number, besides several of varying value, con- 
tains two articles requiring especial mention; one, "The 
Sage Grouse," by D. W. Huntington, the other, Dr. 
Coues' reply to Mr. Manly Hardy's criticism printed in 
the May Nidologist. The former is an excellent account 
of the habits of the Sage Grouse from the hunter's point 
of view; of the latter we hesitate to pass an opinion. 
As a general thing, we think discussions, other than 
friendly ones, might better be left out of a paper of this 
kind, but Dr. Coues' batch of letters gives us such an 
insight into the character of two prominent bird men of 
the past, that, were it not for a few caustic ink drops 
which fell from the author's pen while copying them, 
we would have only words of praise to speak of it. 

Beside the articles, Ihis issue contains many notes of 
interest, especially those under the "California Depart- 
ment," and several good illustrations. 

Vol. 2, No. 3. November, 1897. 

As one throws open the cover of this issue a fac-simile 
letter draws his attention, and a closer examination 
causes thrills to run over his body, similar to those he 
experiences when he finds a rare nest or bird, for the 
letter is addressed to Charles Bonaparte and signed by 
John T. Audubon. Turning another page we find our- 
selves face to face with Daniel G. Elliott, one of the best 
known of American ornithologists. The article 

which accompanies this cut, "Some Birds of the 
Dark Continent," is one of the best that has ever 
appeared in the Osprey" 1 s columns. It is illustrated by 
three good half tones (from life). The other long article 
of the issue, "Birds of the San Bernardino Mountains," 
by F. T. Illingworth, contains many interesting facts, 
but the pleasure of reading these is somewhat lessened 
by its being composed of a series of short sentences, 
which gives it a disjointed effect and jars upon the 
reader's rhetorical nerves. The "General Notes" are 
numerous and of a good quality. 

Vol. 2, No. 4. 

Contains several excellent articles, which lack of space 
prevents our mentioning further. Several good half 
tones, notably, "The American Museum of Natural 
History," "Nest of the Olive-sided Flycatcher," and 
"Labrador Duck, "serve to beautify the paper. — W. E. M. 

The Plant World. Willard N. Clute & Co. , Bing- 
hamton, N. Y. Monthly. $1.00 per year. 

• While this paper is not of especial interest to ornithol- 
ogists, still we cannot let an opportunity pass for speak- 
ing a good word for it. It is destined to occupy much 
the same place in botany that the Osprey does and the 
Nidologist did, in ornithology. 

Vol. 1, No. 2. November, 1897. 

This issue is of sixteen pages, which are filled with 
interesting articles. A photo of Amos Eaton, an early 
American botanist, is given as a frontispiece. No one 
with leanings towards botany should fail to subscribe to 
this paper. — W. E. M. 

The Museum. Walter F. Webb, Albion, N. Y. 
Monthly. $1.00 per year. 

A fair proportion of this magazine is devoted to ornith- 
ology, and occasionally the articles are of much value. 
W T e would suggest that the ornithological portion of the 
paper be made more original; there surely must be 
enough good articles to be had for the asking. 



42 



Bulletin of the Michigan Ornithological Club. 



Vol. IV, No. 1. November, 1897. 

The only ornithological item in this issue is one by 
Jas. J. Carroll, entitled "Vultures." The main portion 
of this article is a description of thirteen nests of the 
Black Vulture. 

Vol. IV, No. 2. December, 1897. 

The principal bird ai tides in this number are, "The 
Prairie Horned Lark in Nebraska," by J. E. Ludwick, 
and "Two New Zealand Parrots," by J. Manghan. 

W. E. M. 

The Oologist. Frank H. Lattin, Albion, N. Y. 
Monthly. 50 cents per year. 

To those of us who remember this paper in '93 4, the 
few pages filled with indifferent articles, which reaches 
us now, is something of an eyesore. In our opinion, 
either a radical change should be made in this sheet, or 
else it ought to die a sudden death. Lingering deaths 
are never pleasant, and are apt to draw forth only pity 
from the onlookers. 

Vol. XIV, No. 11. November, 1897. 

The first article, by Rev. P. B. Peabody, is of a 
religious, not an ornithological character. The others 
take the form of notes, none of them being at all 
exhaustive. On page 104 is given a list of the warblers 
in the J. P. Morris, Jr. collection, which reminds us of 
old "Ornithologist nnd Oologist" times, when these lists 
were a feature — and a good one — of that publication. 

W. E. M. 

Bulletin of the Wilson Ornithological Chapter of the 
Agassiz Association. Oberlin, Ohio. Subscription 
price, 50 cents. 

No. 15. The Oberlin Grackle Roost. By Lynds 
Jones. 17 pp., 2 maps, 1 chart. 

This article is from many carefully taken notes on the 
habits of a colony of Bronzed Crackles that roosted on 
the campus of Oberlin College during the spring, summer 
and fall of 1896. 

It is a very exhaustive account of the habits of one of 
our common birds. From the abundance of careful 
observation made by the author, several valuable conclu- 
sions have been reached. He shows us that during the 
time when the Crackle is with us in the north, there is 
a period when he is injurious to agriculture, nnd one 
when he is beneficial, the latter during the breeding sea- 
son and the former during the roosting season. He 
further tells us that the injury done by robbing the nests 
of other birds during the nesting time is not worth taking 
into account, and that the few berries that they eat are 
probably not of any loss to the fruit grower, as they 
make no complaint against this species. "The only real 
damage done by the Grackle," he states, "is when they 
feed upon growing grain and upon that which has not 
been put out of their reach. " He thinks that the little 
damage done by these birds is too small for "the death 
sentence to be pronounced as a penalty." 

This article by Mr. Jones is an excellent example of 
the kind of ornithological work that our science most 
needs, and shows us that there are still many facts yet 
to be discovered, regarding the life histories of even our 
most common birds. — T. L. H. 

No. 16 and 17. General Notes. 14 and 16 pp. 

These two issues are devoted to "General Notes," 
and under this heading many good notes are given. 
The article by Mr. Jones on the migration of the Whip- 
poorwill and Purple Martin is of especial value, and it is 
to be regretted that so few observers are aiding in this 
work.— W. E. M. 



The Iowa Ornithologist. David L. Savage, Salem, 
Iowa. Quarterly. 40 cents per year. 

This neat publication, while it holds rather closely to 
the ornithology of its own state, is nevertheless of interest 
to ornithologists at large. Its articles are instructive and 
interesting. 

Vol 3, No. 4. October, 1897. 

Under the title, "One Small Piece of Ground," B. 
H. Wilson gives interesting data concerning birds found 
on a point of ground about two acres in extent. An 
annotated list, "Summer Birds of the Oneota Valley," 
by Paul Bartsch, is the only other article. Beside these 
there are many interesting discussions between members. 

W. E. M. 

The Auk. L. S. Foster, New York City. Quarterly. 
$3.00 per year. 

The Auk is always filled with interesting matter, and 
no ornithologist, be he big or little, can afford to miss 
reading its pages. 

Vol. XIV, No. 4. October, 1897. 

Contains a variety of good papers. C. W. Richmond 
gives a short synopsis of our knowledge of the Western 
Field Sparrow. A colored plate by J. L. R [idgway] 
illustrates this article. An annotated list of the birds of 
Fort Sheridan, Idaho, by Dr. J. C. Merrill, follows. 
W. H. Phillips gives a list of birds collected in Venezuela, 
and describes two new species. E. S. Thompson 
occupies two pages under the title, "Directive Coloration 
of Birds." A very interesting half-tone accompanies his 
remarks. The "General Notes" are of the usual inter- 
esting character. The other articles appearing in this 
issue are: "The Horned Larks of Maine," by O. W. 
Knight; "Notes on the American Barn Owl in Eastern 
Pennsylvania," by J. H. Reed; "The Terns of Muskeget 
Island, Mass., Part III," by G. W. Mackay; "Critical 
Notes on the genus Auriparus," by H. C. Oberholser, 
and "The Sitkon Kinglet," by Wm. Palmei 1 . 

Birds. Nature Study Publishing Company, Chicago, 
111. Monthly. $1.50 per year. 

When this paper first made its appearance. January, 
1897, we were disappointed. Its illustrations were 
beautiful, but they were all of foreign birds, and, like 
loyal Americans we demanded pictures of our own birds. 
The publishers supplied the demand, and to-day Birds 
occupies a place on the literary field all of its own. Its 
illustrations, as far as color is concerned, leave little to 
be desired, but, unfortunately, living birds will not "sit" 
for pictures, and the publishers are obliged to use 
"stuffed" specimens. The pictures show this, as they 
lack the "something" which a living bird imparts to a 
landscape. A little more is to be desired in the way of 
shape also. Despite these little defects, Birds serves its 
purpose, that of educating the youth of our age along an 
ornithological line, and we would recommend that every 
parent supply his children with a copy. The average 
parent would also find instruction in its columns. The 
reading matter is in a popular style, sometimes the birds 
themselves joining in the discussion. 

As a frontispiece of this issue we give a plate from 
the July, 189 7, number of this publication. 

Vol. II, No. 5. November, 1897. 

Of the illustrations of this issue, that of the White- 
fronted Goose is probably the best. Those of the Belted 
Piping Plover, Cerulean Warbler and Yellow-billed 
Tropic Bird follow in the matter of excellence. An 
interesting sketch of John James Audubon occupies the 
first two pages. 



Bulletin of the Michigan Ornithological Club. 



43 



Vol. II, No. 6. December, 1897. 

In the plate figuring Allen's Humming Bird, by far 
the best in this issue, one can fairly see the beautiful 
iridescence of the living bird. The sober colored female 
and dainty nest are also nicely brought out. The one 
of the Verdin is also very good. This issue gives a very 
interesting account of the A. O. U. meeting. — W. E. M. 



BOOKS. 

A List of the Birds of Maine. By Ora W. Knight, 
B. S. (Prepared under the auspices of the United 
Ornithologists of Maine.) Bulletin No. 3 of the Uni- 
versity of Maine. 184 pp. Kennebec Journal 
Print, Augusta, Maine. 

An annotated list of much value. Alter the remarks 
by the author giving the standing of the species in the 
state, occur the "County Records," these latter being 
by various observers, some of them well known. As a 
general thing, nothing is said concerning the habits of 
the birds, but under several species — especially Leach's 
Petrel, Crow, Yellow Palm Warbler and Ruby-crowned 
Kinglet — a few good notes are given. 320 species are 
given: 26 permanent residents, 114 summer residents, 
and 74 migrants; the rest are occasional visitors and 
stragglers. 

A hypothetical list — containing 27 species — an incom- 
plete bibliography, and a good index are appended. A 
chapter is devoted to "Fauna! Areas." Very few typo- 
graphical errors occur, and altogether the work is a 
credit to its compiler. — W. E. M. 

Sketches of Some Common Birds. By P. M. Silloway. 
Cincinnati, Ohio. The Editor Publishing Company. 
Cloth, $1.50. 

This neatly bound volume consists of a series of fifty- 
four "sketches," each of which treats of the life and 
habits of one of the common species of central Illinois 
birds; the notes will cansequently apply to nearly all 
parts of the eastern United States. Technical descrip- 
tions are avoided, but such vivid accounts are given of 
the birds in their natural haunts, their habits and peculiar 
characteristics as we see them in the field, that the most 
casual observer could hardly fail to recognize them after 
reading these sketches. The style is easy and popular; 
well calculated to inspire the reader to observe for himself. 

In the matter of arrangement it varies somewhat from 
the usual methods. The birds are divided into eight 
sections, according to the nature of the places where 
they are usually found. There are certain objections 
and difficulties to this system, as some species are not 
restricted to any one of these localities, but may be found 
as commonly in one as another- The Bronzed Crackle, 
lor instance, cannot be classed strictly as a bird of the 
orchard, but the author recognizes this for he says, 
"They are at home in the maples ofihe streets of the 
towns, in the evergreen trees of the lawns and gardens, 
and in the groves and orchards of rural districts." 

A more serious defect is the want of an index, which 
would greatly increase the utility of the book for reference. 

Eighteen full page plates of birds, nests and young — 
all from life — illustrate the sketches. The accompanying 
cut of a Downy Woodpecker is one that appears in con- 
nection with the notes upon that species. 

The beginner will find this book especially helpful. 
Instead of dry, scientific discussion, he will find here 
interesting reading as well as instructive. But the more 
advanced student will also find these sketches very 
pleasant reading, especially during the winter months; 
they afford the same pleasure that it does to sit by the 



winter fireside and read over your own notes of rambles 
afield in by- gone summers. — L. J. C. 

The Blue Jay ajtd its Food. By F. E. L. Beal, U. 
S. Department of Agriculture, 1896. Reprint 

This is another of the excellent works issued by the 
Department of Agriculture. From the examination of 
nearly three hundred stomachs, Mr. Beal concludes 
"that the Jay does much more good than harm." It is 
doubtful if we shall ever be able to say that a native 
American bird is harmful. It is only man's importations 
that prove so. — W. E. M. 



The following books are announced by the publishers: 

The Gallinaceus Game Birds of North America. By 
Daniel G Elliott. Second Edition :* 111ns , pp. 220. Francis 
P. Harper. $2.50. 

Bird Neighbors. Neltje Blanchan; introduction by John 
Burroughs. Hlus. in colors, 4 to. pp. 234. Doubleday & 
McClure Co. $1.25. 

Song Birds and Wafer Fowl. By H. E. Parkhurst. Hlus., 
12 mo.', pp. 286. Chas. Scribner's Sons. $1.50. 

Wild Neighbors : Outdoor Studies in the United States. 
By Ernest Ingersoll. Macmillan. $1.50. 

* 

Audubon and his Journals. By Maria R. Audubon. 
(With notes by Elliott Cones.) Hlus., 2 vols., 8 vo. $7.50. 

Recreation announces a set of bird and animal photos from 
life for their coming volume. 

The Birds of North America. By Jacob H. Studer. 
Hlus. in colors! Studer Bros., New York. $40.-45. (Sub- 
scription price, $20.-22.50.) 

Chapters on the Natural History of the United States. 
Robt. W. Shufeldt. Hlus.; large octavo. About 400 pp. 
Studer Bros., New York. $3.50, net. 



Mr. A. B. Durfee, while deer-hunting in northern 
Michigan, sprained an ankle, which has laid him up 
for several weeks. He secured two fine deer. 

Mr. LynnB. Gilmore, formerly of Blooming Valley, 
Pa , and now of Empire, Colo., writes that he finds 
himself in a locality favorable to bird study. 

The annual meeting of the American Ornithol- 
ogists' Union was held at the American Museum of 
Natural History, New York City, from November 
8-1 lth. 

Mr. E. W. Durfee, who is now at Washington, 
Arizona, finds time to do a little collecting. The 
last lot of birds he sent home contained a Road- 
runner, an Arkansas Kingbird, and an immature 
Gambel's Quail. 

Dr. Morris Gibbs is the author of a series of articles 
in the American Field entitled, "The Game Birds of 
ths Great Lakes." 

Mr. B. H. Swales, formerly of Detroit, has removed 
to Pasadena, California, where he has entered busi- 
ness. We cannot help but to regret the loss of this 
active worker in the ornithological field, from our 
midst, but we trust that Mr. Swales will still remain 
with us in spirit if not in person. The Bulletin 
hopes to receive notes from him occasionally, from 
his ornithological work, which we are sure he will 
pursue in his new field for bird study. 

Have you paid your dues? Beginning with the 
January number, the rule that all members must 
have paid dues to receive the Bulletin, will be 
rigidly enforced. 

The Osprey moves this month to New York City. 
We wish it success in its new quarters. 



44: 



Bulletin of the Michigan Ornithological Club. 



BULLETIN 

OF THE 

/IDicbtgan ©rnitbological Club- 

Published Quarterly. 

L. WHITNEY WATKINS, Manchester, Mich., 
Editor-in-Chief. 
Associates : 
W. A. Davidson, 383 Morrell St., Detroit, Mich. 

T. L. Hankinson, Agricultural College, Mich. 
Norman A. Wood, Ann Arbor, Mich. 

W. EARLE MULLIKEN, ) 

>- Managing Editors, 
LEON J. COLE, j 

191 First Ave., Grand Rapids, Mich. 



Subscription: In North America, fifty cents a year, strictly 
in advance. Single copies, fifteen cents. 

Foreign Subscription: Seventy-five cents a year to all 
countries in the Universal Postal Union. 

Free to Honorary Members, and to Active and Associate 
Members of the Club not in arrears for dues. 

Advertising rates sent on application to Managing Editors. 



Entered at Grand Rapids, Michigan, as second class matter. 



Exchanges and books for review should be sent to the 
Editor-in-chief. 

Articles for publication should be sent to one of the editors. 

All advertisements, subcriptions, or business communica- 
tions should be sent to the Managing Editors. 

Author's separates can be furnished at a very reasonable rate 
if application is made when the article is sent. 



A few copies of this paper are being sent as 
samples to active onrithologists, whom we think 
will prove good subscribers and fellow workers. As 
a 'record of sample copies is being kept, you will not 
receive another, so might as well subscribe at once 
and help the Bulletin to the extent of fifty cents. 
If you can pursuade your ornithological friend to 
subscribe with you, your kindness will be appre- 
ciated by those who have the financial end of the 
paper on their shoulders. But it is not only your 
money that we want; we need your assistance: as 
critics, contributes, and workers. One half the 
pleasure in the study of ornithology is in meeting 
kindred spirits; and what better place can you find 
to become known, and to know others, than through 
an informal club paper? If you have a question to 
ask, ask it. If we can't answer it we will try and 
find someone who can. Haven't you something of 
interest in those note books that have been packed 
away since June? If you have studied birds one 
month and haven't found at least one item of interest, 
you must have had the "cap" on your field-glasses 
— figuratively speaking. Perchance we can help 
you to get rid of this "cap. " Give us an opportu- 
nity. 



Owing to the nonpayment of mone3 7 s due the 
Bulletin, we were unable to publish No. 3 in its 
quarter. This will not occur again, and subscribers 
will receive as many issues as they bargained for. 
We have raised the standard of our paper in this 
number and wish to announce it as permanent. We 
believe that we can make our little paper of value to 
our members, and it is possible that we may do 
some good to ornithologists who are not members. 
We need your support. 



Owing to the absence of Mr. Watkins, he being 
engaged in the Northern Peninsula as Deputy Game 
Warden, the work of editing this number fell to the 
lot of Mr. Hankinson. 



The Cooper Ornithological Club, of California, is 
compiling data concerning the breeding habits, food, 
and migration of the members of the genus 
Carpodacus. Information is especially wanted as 
regards their injuring trees by eating the buds. 
Farther information and blanks can be secured by 
addressing Mr. Horace A. Gaylord, Pasadena, Cali- 
fornia. Our members should assist in this work. 



The photograph of the Downy Woodpecker, pub- 
lished on page 34 of this issue, was taken by Mr. E. 
W. Shufeldt, of Washington, D. C. Through an over- 
sight of the publisher it was not credited to him. 



We are glad to see the stand that ornithologists 
are beginning to take against the custom of the use 
of birds in adorning ladies' hats; and we hope that 
with the spreading interest in the study of ornith- 
ology, that the intelligent women of our land will 
soon be informed of the great drain they are making 
upon the feathered population, which is fairly exter- 
minating some of our most beautiful birds. 



Owing to the growing demand and the very small 
supply of back issues of this paper remaining in our 
hands, we cannot supply them at the original price, 
or allow subscriptions to begin before this issue. 
A limited number of copies of No. 1 can be supplied 
at thirty cents; No. 2, twenty-five cents. Not over 
ten complete volumes (Nos. 1, 2, 3-4) can be supplied 
at seventy five cents each. 



We were sorry to hear this summer that our 
esteemed contemporary, The Nidologist, had dis- 
continued publication. Amateur ornithology has 
lost a good friend, and one that will not soon be 
replaced. Mr. Taylor deserves much credit for first 
introducing an illustrated bird paper to an American 
audience; and for this fact, and for the inspiration 
that lingered in some of the "Nid." articles, the 
American ornithological world must acknowledge 
its indebtedness. 



Bulletin of the Michigan Ornithological Club. 



45 



GENERAL NOTES. 



Greenville Notes. 

As late as May 25th last, a large flock 
of Pine Siskins were feeding on the dande- 
lion seeds close to my house. I think this 
late for this species, so far south. 

On August 16th I shot one of a pair of 
Black-bellied Plovers at Churchill Lake 
near here. This makes three of these 
birds that I have secured at the same place 
during the past five years. 

On October 9th I secured a fine speci- 
men of the Snow Bunting in southern 
winter plumage. This is far the earliest 
date in the fall that I have noticed this 
bird. It was all the more unusual, as the 
weather was anything but wintry. 

What has struck me particularly this 
season, has been the scarcity of the Night 
Hawk. I may claim to be fairly observ- 
ant in matters ornithological, and 1 can 
safely say, that whereas during the pre- 
vious four years-, these birds have been 
very abundant .in the proper season, flying 
in numbers over the city and neighbor- 
hood, this year I could have counted them 
on the fingers of my one hand. And by 
this, I do not mean in flocks day by day 
of this number, but as representing the 
number of birds seen during the whole 
season. It would be interesting to know 
if any other observers have noticed this 
scarcity, which I shall bear in mind next 
summer. Percy Selous. 

[Perhaps not as common as usual, but 
occurring in some numbers at Grand 
Kapids. W. E. M.] 



Towhee Wintering in Muskegon 
County, Mich. 

During the winter of '96-7, a Towhee 
remained all winter. The weather was 
rather mild. A. W. Van Pelt. 

Muskegon, Mich. 



Usefulness of the Cedar Waxwing. 

During the locust plague of this spring, 
our larger insectivorus birds ay ere having 
a feast. Catbirds, Robins, Bluebirds, 
Wood Pewees, yea, even Flickers were en- 
joying the masses of locusts. But for out- 
numbering them was the Cedar Waxwing. 
Flock of 15-20-30, catching and devouring 
locusts, were a common thing. Anyone 



who knows the tremendous voracity of this 
bird, will not be astonished to hear that a 
flock of about twenty were able to free a 
big elm tree of locusts in one day. It was 
strange, too, to see so many as fifteen or 
twenty of these birds together at so late a 
period as the 28th of May, and the 9th of 
June. 

Have any of the other members of the 
club made similar observations this spring \ 

W. F. Henninger. 

Waverly, Ohio. 



Acadian Owl in Michigan. 

Mr. Harris of this city shot an Acadian 
Owl 9 in May. She had probably nested. 

Norman A. Wood, 
Ann Arbor. 

[Dr. Robt. H. Wolcott told me of 
several nests of this species being taken in 
or around Ann Arbor, in past years. 

W. E. M.] 

Notes from Wayne County, Mich. 

Mr. Cadman, of this city, informs me 
that he wtnessed the feeding of a young 
English Sparrow by a female Red-eyed 
Vireo. It seems the young Sparrow had 
lighted on a branch below the Vireo's nest 
and was so noisy that the brooding bird was 
annoyed, so she left her nest and in a short 
time returned with food for the juvenile 
offender, which, on being fed, flew away. 

On May 26th, 1897, I noted a pair of 
Cerulean Warblers nesting. The nest con- 
tained four eggs on June, 6th. It was 
built on a horizontal branch of a beech 
tree, thirty -five feet from the ground and 
six feet out on the limb in a clump of 
sprouts. 

April 18, 1897. Noted the only Turkey 
Vulture of the season. Last year I saw 
seven on the wing at one time. Mr. Wm. 
M. Randall, of Bellville, tells me that they 
nest in that vicinity. 

W. A. Davidson. 

Detroit, Mich. 



The electric tower lights (150 feet high) 
at Grand Rapids are the slayers of many 
birds. The following species are some 
that have been found under them: Myrtle 
Warbler, Golden Plover, Sora, Chipping 
Sparrow, Olive-backed Thrush, Vesper 
Sparrow, Robin, Tennessee Warbler, Oven 
Bird and Blue-grav Gnatcatcher. 



46 



Bulletin of the Michigan Ornithological Club. 



Often on a cloudy night during the 
migration, when the birds are flying Ioav, 
great flocks will fly around and around the 
lights, seemingly fascinated by its rays. 

W. E. MULLIKEN. 

Grand Kapids, Mich. 

An Albino Red-headed Woodpecker. 

Mr. Arthur W. Van Pelt, of Lake 
Harbor, Michigan, writes to us of a case 
of albinism in the Red-headed Woodpecker. 

The bird was shot by him on September 
16, 1897, near a corn field. It was in 
company with other woodpeckers of the 
same species, which were feeding upon 
the corn from the ears. 

He gives the following description of 
the specimen: "Breast, under parts of 
wings and back, from a point directly 
between the wings down to the base of the 
tail, pure, snowy white; head and under 
parts pure white; crown, mixed white and 
gray; upper parts of wings and back, light 
gray; tail, two outside feathers, black, the 
rest white; bill white, shading to dark on 
the point; feet orange; eyes hazel. The 
only red mark on its plumage was a very 
small spot of rosy red under each eye. It 
was a male. " T. L. H. 

[A partial albino of this species is in the 
collection of the Kent Scientific Institute 
at Grand Rapids, Mich. It is not a rare 
albino.] 

Mallard and Red-tailed Hawk. 

While rowing up Flat River this fall, I 
came upon six Mallards which, at sight of 
me, took flight, and following the river, 
went farther up stream. After I had fol- 
lowed the river about two miles, I again 
came upon the same flock. There were 
four ducks and two fine drakes. I hid my 
boat in the rice and 'watched them. All 
at once a large Red-tailed Hawk dashed 
into the flock. All but one of the ducks 
dove, and this one took wing and had a 
lively race to keep away from his swift 
pursuer. 

The hawk did not seem to gain on his 
prize at all, and the poor duck was scream- 
ing with terror. 

I did not see the result because a bend 
in the river hid the birds from view. The 
duck did not try to seek safety in the 
water, probably on account of its fright. 

Claud Barlow. 

Greenville, Mich. 



Notes from Hastings, Michigan. 

The Cedar Waxwing Avas more abundant 
in this locality last spring ('97), than I 
have ever seen it before. Within two 
blocks of my house, I counted nine nests. 

There were also a good many Blue Birds 
about. I found two nests, one with four 
eggs, and the other with three young birds. 

Gottlieb Bessmek. 



A New Bird for Michigan. 

Among a number of bird skins recently 
donated to the collection at the Michigan 
Agricultural College, by Oscar B. Warren 
of Hibbing, Minnesota, there was found a 
specimen of Harris' Sparrow (Zonoirichia 
querula). The bird was positively identified 
by Prof. W. B. Barrows. 

Mr. Warren, in writing of this specimen 
says, that it was taken at Palmer, Marquette 
Co., on September 30, 1894. 

This is certainly a most interesting 
record, which is, in all probability, the 
only known instance of this species occur- 

T. L. H. 



ring in our state. 



Nesting of the Water Thrush 

(Seiurus noveboracensis) in 

Wayne Co., Michigan. 

In the spring of 1895 this pair of birds 
first came to my notice, and were so wary 
that it was impossible to approach them 
near enough to be positive in their identity. 
In the following spring ('96) I met them 
again in the same, woods, and from their 
actions concluded they had a nest, but 
careful watching and beating failed to 
locate the site, and I was unsuccessful in 
establishing their identity. 

This spring I had more time, and con- 
cluded to watch the birds more closely. 
On May 9th I noted them for the first 
time, and they were then paired. I kept 
as good track of them as my spare time 
allowed, which resulted in my locating 
the nest on the 19th of May. On that day 
I beat about some time before hearing 
their note. At last I found them in a 
thicket across the ditch from where I 
stood. I sat down and waited for them to 
put in appearance; the female did so, fly- 
ing down to the water's edge in a ditch 
opposite me. She worked up the stream 
until lost to view, and then returned on 
the side I was on. Crossing just above 
the nest, she would beat up the sides of 



Bulletin of the Michigan Ornithological Club. 



47 



the ditch and down to the water's edge. 
This was kept up for some time, the bird 
giving occasional notes, and as frequently 
jerking her tail. I had an excellent oppor- 
tunity to identify her, for at one time she 
was less than five feet from me. 

I had, up to this time, believed the birds 
to be motacilla, but the type was different 
from any motacilla that I had seen. The 
rich yellow of the under parts and the 
heavily marked breast, assured me the 
bird was noveboracensis. 

The bird having gone up the bank a few 
feet above from where I stood (probably 
15 ft.) and not appearing, I walked up to 
opposite from where I last saw her. I 
here detected her sitting upon her nest, 
the head alone being in evidence. The 
nest was well concealed among the roots 
growing out from sides of the ditch. It 
was made of grasses and rootlets, on a 
foundation of leaves, and was lined with 
grasses. It contained three eggs of the 
Thrush and one egg of the Cow bird. One 
egg of the Thrush had been ejected from 
the nest, probably the work of the Cow- 
bird. The eggs were incubated. 

On May 30th the birds had nested again. 
This nest was built of the same material 
as the first, and was built from roots 
extending out from the bank, probably 
two hundred feet (from memory) down 
the stream from the former nest. This 
nest contained six egos. The e^gs were a 
rich, dark salmon color, with various 
shades of brown and lilac markings, clust- 
ered at the large end and almost hiding 
the ground color. The eggs turn yellowish 
white upon being blown. 

The woods in which these birds have 
made their home, are, for the most part, 
open, with occasional thickets. It is 
grown up with beech, maple, oak, and a 
few sycamores. The ground is low, but 
not marshy, except for several low tracts. 
In the direct neighborhood of the nests 
the ground is the highest, but the birds 
were usually found in the low ground 
while feeding. The w^oods comprise six 
or seven acres. 



The Parasitic Jaeger (Stercorarius 
parasiticus) in Michigan. 

During November a good specimen of 
the Parasitic Jaeger w r as added to the bird 
collection of the Museum of the State 



Agricultural College, and, so far as I have 
been able to ascertain, this furnishes the 
first authentic record for the state. The 
bird was obtained from Mr. Robt. P. 
Stark, and was killed at Otter Lake, 
Lapeer County, September 28, 1897. Mr. 
Stark writes: "It w r as swimming around 
on the lake, and in the evening flew r up 
onto a rye stack which stood beside the 
lake, apparently to roost, so I got a man 
to go out there with his gun and kill it 
for me." 

The specimen is a young bird in the 
dark phase of plumage. 

Walter B. Barrows. 

Agricultural College, Mich. 
Dec. 14, 1897. 



Nesting of the Savannah Sparrow 
in Ingham County. 

On June 21, 1897, while strolling over a 
piece of low, uncultivated ground — a por- 
tion of that wild region north of our college 
known as Chandler's Marsh — I flushed a 
smal 1 sparrow from before me. It fluttered 
off through the grass feigning lameness and 
giving me a good opportunity to identify 
it as the Savannah Sparrow (Ammodramus 
sandwichensts savanna.) 

On looking beneath a thistle near my 
feet, I found its nest, which was placed in 
.a hollow in the ground, w T ith the top of 
nest just level w T ith the surface of the 
ground. I was too late for eggs, but 
found three young birds. 

This species w T as very common on 
Chandler's Marsh all through the breeding 
season, from early in May till late in June. 
Although I found but one nest, I am sure 
they bred in abundance. 

From what notes I can obtain regarding 
this species in Michigan, it seem apparent 
that it does not breed generally in our 
state, as records of nests being found in 
Michigan are very rare. However, I have 
no doubt but that these birds breed in a 
few localities throughout our state, as 
they did at Chandler's Marsh this last 
season. 

T. L. Hankinson. 

Agricultural College, Mich. 



Albino Kingbird. 

At the meeting of the M. A. C. Natural 
History Society Oct. 15, 1897, Prof. W. 



48 



Bulletin of the Michigan Ornithological Club. 



B. Barrows exhibited a fine specimen of 
an albino Kingbird, a recent acquisition 
to the College Museum. The bird was 
shot by Mr. O. P. Chapin, Kibble, Huron 
County, Mich., on June 2, who says that 
it was in company with two other King- 
birds. It is entirely white with the 
exception of the orange crown patch and 
a small dark spot on the tail. The bill 
and feet are very light, but the eyes were 
not pink, as might be expected, but were 
the normal color. 

L. J. Cole. 
Agricultural College, Mich. 



Dr. Wolcott found a nest containing 
recently hatched young of the White- 
rumped Shrike at Grand Rapids, about 
July 15, 1897. 

W. E. MULLIKEN. 

Grand Rapids, Mich. 



The annual meeting of the Michigan Ornithological 
Club was held in Lansing December 17 and 18. 
Owing to the non-arrival of the minutes, they are 
omitted from this issue, but will be printed in the 
January number. 



List of Members. 

Elected since the publishing of Bulletin No. 2. 

HONORARY. Date of Election. 
Dr. Elliott Coues, Washington, D. C Aug. 13 

ACTIVE. 
Edwin S. Bryant, 304 Logan St., Lansing. .Dec. 17. 

Mrs. M. E. C. Bates, Traverse City. . Dec. 17. 

Miss Mable Bates, Traverse City Dec. 17. 

Miss Frances Margaret Fox, Bay City May 3. 

I. Hazel wood, Port Huron Aug. 13. 

Jason E. Nichols, Lansing Aug. 13. 

Rev. E. C. Oakley, Romeo Aug. 13. 

Chas. B. Rarden, Greenville Aug. 13. 

"D. A. Seeley, Agricultural College. 

Harry S. Warren, 1356 John R. st., Detroit. Dec. 17. 

ASSOCIATE. 

Thos. H. Blodgett, Galesburg, 111. Aug. 13. 

E. E. Brewster, Iron Mountain Dec. 17. 

C. C. Collins, Lansing Dec. 17. 

Geo. W. Dixon, Watertown, S. Dak Nov. 16. 

Chas. W. Loomis, Agricultural College Dec. 17. 

Rufus H. Pettit, Agricultural College Aug. 13. 

Prof. F. E. Sanford, La Grange, 111 , Dec. 17. 

LEON J. COLE, Secretary. 

^Changed from associate list Dec. 17. 



tfhotegraplw 

from 

Jfdture 




I have the following photographs 
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A young Yellow-billed Cuckoo in 
nest, a Brown Thrasher on nest, nest of 
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eggs of the Pied-billed Grebe, Ameri- 
can Coot, Florida Gallinule, Sora, 
Green Heron, Prairie Chicken, Whip- 
poorwill, and Meadow Lark. 

The photographs are slightly larger 
than cabinet size and mounted on large 
cards. 

Price of the entire set of twelve 
photos, only 11.50. $1.60 postpaid. 

Send 5 cents for sample and receive 
particulars regarding the set. 

T. L. HANKINSON, 

AGRICULTURAL COLLEGE, 11ICH. 

(Mention Bulletin when answering.) 



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